FSIS Shows Salmonella in Decline
The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) today released regulatory sampling data showing a continued downward trend in positive tests for Salmonella.
The Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) rule, implemented July 25, 1996, established Salmonella performance standards in seven categories of meat and poultry products; broilers; market hogs; cows/bulls; steer/heifer; ground beef; ground chicken; and ground turkey. As one part of an extensive science-based food safety system, FSIS collects and analyzes Salmonella samples to verify compliance with HACCP requirements. The testing program was designed to track establishment performance, therefore it may not be reflective of the nationwide prevalence of Salmonella in these products.
Despite minor yearly fluctuations in individual categories, Salmonella rates in all classes of products have decreased to levels well below the HACCP baseline prevalence estimates. Of the random regulatory samples collected and analyzed by FSIS in CY 2003, 3.8 percent tested positive for Salmonella, as compared with 4.29 percent in CY 2002; 5.03 percent in CY 2001; 5.31 percent in CY 2000; 7.26 percent in CY1999; and 10.65 percent in CY 1998.
While the regulatory prevalence of Salmonella across all seven product categories continued to decrease in 2003, FSIS is concerned that the percentage of positive Salmonella tests (all sizes of establishments combined) increased slightly in three poultry categories.
The agency will be examining Salmonella testing data from 1998 to the present in order to clearly identify those plants displaying negative performance trends. Enforcement Investigations Analysis Officers will then conduct in-depth HACCP and sanitation verification reviews at those facilities to help ensure that this one year increase does not continue. FSIS compares regulatory testing results to the baseline prevalence measures used in the HACCP program to provide context to the yearly data.
Since 2000, all classes of meat and poultry plants have been subject to Salmonella testing. To ensure that yearly variations in the proportion of samples collected from the seven categories were not responsible for the overall decline in the percentage of positive samples, FSIS weighted the four years of data against the proportion of samples by category in the year 2000. The results show a steady decrease in positive samples in each year of HACCP verification testing.
Salmonella testing data can be found online at: http://www.fsis.usda.gov/science/microbiology/
ID system is missed opportunity to reduce human illnesses
FUNDING FOOD SAFETY
of Article: http://www.meatnews.com/
FSIS does not conduct its own research. Rather, the Agency identifies research necessary to fulfill its public health mission. ARS is USDA's chief in-house scientific research agency and CSREES is USDA's chief research funding agency.
The purpose of the NIFSI, which is managed by CSREES, is to support competitive projects that address priority issues in food safety that are best solved using an integrated approach. These projects address a broad spectrum of food safety concerns from on-farm production, post-harvest processing and distribution, to food selection, preparation and consumption. The grants make sure that food safety information is passed on to people who operate various parts of the food chain.
Twenty-six grants have been awarded for Fiscal Year 2004. Each year NIFSI awards these funds to faculty at land-grant and non-land grant colleges and universities to ensure that valuable research, education and extension knowledge is transferred to teachers, scientists, health professionals, researchers, farmers, food processors, foodservice workers, consumers and all others making crucial decisions about the safety of the U.S. food supply. An average of approximately $630,000 was awarded to each university to support integrated food safety projects.
Some of the colleges and universities receiving the grants were:
* University of California, Davis: $600,000 for studying how to reduce the use of antibiotics in calves.
* Colorado State University: $489,527 for studying the effect of transportation and lairage on E. coli O157 and Salmonella spp. on beef cattle.
* Colorado State University: $597,481 for Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat meat products: Risks, controls, and education for prevention.
* University of Delaware: $450,205 to study inactivation of viruses by pressure in ready-to-eat foods.
* Iowa State University: $599,126 for studying southeast Iowa's food safety and animal handling procedures for meat processors and livestock producers.
* Kansas State University: $482,763 for improving food safety practices of restaurant employees using the theory of planned behavior.
* University of Maryland School of Medicine: $600,000 for the development of computer models for ranking the public health impact of foodborne hazards.
* University of Nebraska: $599,732 for validating and implementing Listeria monocytogenes controls in ready-to-eat meat products produced by rural meat and poultry operations in the Great Plains.
* University of Nebraska: $599,916 for HACCP assistance of small and very small processors with development and validation of safe meat-chilling processes.
* Cornell University: $599,823 for computer-aided food safety engineering.
* Ohio State University: $436,189 for safety of food processed by four alternative processing technologies.
* Clemson University: $33,150 for a conference, ¡°Food Safety from the Surface Up¡±.
* Tennessee State University: $597,890 for characterizing consumer handling, storage, and use of product labels and dates to develop risk communication messages for ready-to-eat foods.
* Texas A&M University: $328,357 for improving the safety of complex foods using electron beam technology.
* University of Wisconsin: $600,000 for HACCP assistance for small and very small meat processors: Challenge studies and predictive modeling for validation of critical limits.
Web posted: August 12, 2004
AFNOR Approves Bio-Rad's DNA-Based Tests for Salmonella Results in 24 hours
iQ-Check¢â Salmonella kit has been approved by AFNOR (Association Francaise de
Normalisation), as a valid alternative method for the detection of Salmonella
spp in all human and animal food products, and environmental samples. This certification
is according to the new ISO 16140 standard, an international standard widely recognized
in Europe and with parallels to the AOAC validation system.
In addition to iQ-Check, Bio-Rad's first generation PCR tests, PROBELIA¢â Salmonella and PROBELIA Listeria monocytogenes, are available since 1996 and are already AFNOR validated tests. These reagents complement the range of instruments for PCR and real-time PCR, also available from Bio-Rad.
The validation of iQ-Check Salmonella reinforces Bio-Rad's commitment to developing new solutions for food manufacturers. Bio-Rad offers a wide range of products for Diagnostics in Industrial microbiology, from classical methods to the most innovative, such as iQ-Check Salmonella.
3M Petrifilm Plate yields environmental results for Listeria in 31 hours
AOAC RI Approval for Genevision¢â Listeria Tests
Genevision¢â food safety tests for the detection of Listeria monocytogenes and Listeria species have been granted Performance TestedSM status by the AOAC Research Institute, and become the third and fourth Genevision tests to be validated in the United States.Warnex are currently progressing with AOAC validation for the Genevision¢â Salmonella test and expect to receive it shortly.
The AOAC Research Institute is a non-profit international scientific organization that administers the Performance TestedSM Methods Program. Within this program, a third-party review showed that the Genevision tests detected L. monocytogenes and Listeria spp. as well as or better than traditional culture methods.
The L. monocytogenes test was granted Performance TestedSM status for a "Variety of Foods", which required the validation of the method with at least 10 different food matrices from five different food groups. The detection of Listeria spp. was validated for "Selected Foods", including sliced ham, ground pork, sausages, pre-cut lettuce, yoghurt, raw beef, raw cod fillet, green beans, and mayonnaise.
Genevision tests use state-of-the-art genomics-based technology to rapidly and
accurately detect the presence of harmful pathogens in food products. The technology
allows for the simultaneous detection of multiple pathogens and processing of
samples within 24 to 48 hours, a significant improvement over traditional microbiology
develops treatment of deadly E. coli food contamination; Nymox NXC-4720 E. coli
product in late stage development
FSIS issues revision to recall worksheet
John Gregerson on 8/10/04
Seafood Industry Calls for Additional Safeguards on Imports; Pilot Program Would Target Antibiotic Residues
Yahoo! News Monday, August 09, 2004
Source of Article: http://news.yahoo.com/
WASHINGTON, Aug. 9 /U.S. Newswire/ -- The National Fisheries Institute (NFI) has asked the Food & Drug Administration to cooperate on a pilot program to further enhance the safety of imported seafood. Nearly 80 percent of seafood is imported, and although a mandatory HACCP inspection program already addresses seafood safety, FDA (news - web sites) and U.S. seafood importers want to further augment safety through cooperation with overseas producers.The proposed program includes mechanisms for verifying HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point) measures used by foreign processing plants. HACCP, implemented by FDA at the request of the seafood industry in 1998, requires processors to identify points in the production process at which problems may occur, and then institute controls to prevent such problems. U.S. processors are required to maintain extensive documentation of HACCP safety procedures, which is regularly reviewed by FDA. Originally developed to ensure food safety in the space program, HACCP is now required of most US food producers.
The seafood industry recommends that the pilot program target the use of unapproved antibiotic residues in shrimp, such as chloramphenicol or nitrofurans, which may be illegally fed or applied at the farming or processing level. While less than 5 percent of imported shrimp tested has been found to contain traces of these prohibited antibiotics, shrimp is the largest seafood import (nearly 90 percent of U.S. shrimp is imported, about half of which is farmed) and the most-consumed seafood in America, at 3.4 lbs. per capita. The initial program likely would be conducted with Thailand, the largest exporter of shrimp to the US.
A guidance document of "best practices," being developed by NFI to assist foreign producers with HACCP compliance, includes
-- Purchasing specifications by foreign shrimp processors that require product free of illegal antibiotics, as well as the processors' HACCP plan with semi-annual verification by food safety authorities
-- Frequent verification testing of product samples by a certified laboratory under established U.S. FDA sampling and testing guidelines
-- Verification procedures by U.S. importers to ensure that tested product and imported product are the same
As envisioned, the pilot program would be conducted for approximately 6-12 months and, if successful, may be expanded to other products and countries.
Advisory Committee On Microbiological Criteria For Foods To Hold Public Meeting
WASHINGTON, August 13, 2004 - The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) announced today that the National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Foods (NACMCF) will hold public meetings August 24-27, 2004. The full committee will discuss performance standards for ground chicken/ground turkey, the scientific basis for establishing safety-based "use by" date labels for refrigerated ready-to-eat foods and scientific criteria for redefining pasteurization. All meetings are open to the public and will be held at the Hotel Monaco, Athens Room, 700 F Street, NW, Washington, DC. A meeting agenda is available at: http://www.fsis.usda.gov/ophs/nacmcf/meetings.htm.
The full committee will meet Friday, Aug. 27 from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Three NACMCF subcommittees will meet prior to the full committee meeting. The Performance Standards for Ground Chicken/Ground Turkey Subcommittee will meet Aug. 24 from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. and on Aug. 25 from 8:30 a.m. to noon. The Scientific Criteria for Redefining Pasteurization Subcommittee will meet Aug. 25 from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. The Scientific Basis for Establishing Safety-Based "Use By" Date Labeling for Refrigerated Ready-to-Eat Foods Subcommittee will meet August 26 from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m.
The NACMCF was established in 1988 to provide scientific advice and recommendations to the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of Health and Human Services on public health issues relative to the safety and wholesomeness of the U.S. food supply. The committee formulates positions on the development of microbiological criteria, the review and evaluation of epidemiological and risk assessment data and methodologies for assessing microbiological hazards in foods. The Committee also provides advice to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Departments of Commerce and Defense.
Written comments should be submitted to FSIS Docket Room, Docket #04-028N, USDA, Room 102, Cotton Annex Building, 300 12th St., SW, Washington, DC 20250. Comments may also be sent by facsimile to (202) 205-0381. The comments and official transcript of the Aug. 27, 2004, full committee meeting will be kept in the FSIS Docket Room at the above address and will also be posted at http://www.fsis.usda.gov/OPHS/NACMCF/transcripts.
For further information contact Karen Thomas, Food Safety and Inspection Service, Office of Public Health Science, Microbiology Division, Aerospace Center, Room 333, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW, Washington DC 20250-3700, phone ( 202) 690-6620, fax (202) 690-6334, email firstname.lastname@example.org.
requiring a sign language interpreter or other special accommodations should notify
Ms. Thomas by August 17, 2004.
Food Safety Informaiton