9/14
2004

ISSUE:
133

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A debate over raw vs. pasteurized
September 11, 2004
Lincoln Journal-Star
Nancy Hicks
http://www.journalstar.com/
Nebraska State senators heard Friday traditional science and medicine lined up against a growing group of consumers who buy raw milk from local farmers, drink it, give it to their children and believe it is healthier than the pasteurized product on grocery shelves.
The story says that both sides were equally adamant in the hearing, which drew around 130 people who packed the room.
Sally Fallon, president of the Weston A. Price Foundation, a national group dedicated to providing access across the country to raw milk from grass-fed cattle, was cited as saying the heat of pasteurization compromises nutrients in milk.
Steve L. Taylor, a food science professor and head of the Food Processing Center at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, was cited as saying pasteurization does not significantly reduce the nutritional value of milk.
Fallon was further cited as saying that mothers who give raw milk to their children find they don't get colds or earaches.
Taylor was quoted as saying, "The very people who are most at risk - young children, the elderly and those who are ill - are encouraged that raw milk is better for them or will cure them."
Senators wondered aloud where the truth was as one group argued for consumer freedom to choose and the other side argued that pasteurization is critical to protecting public health.
"It is practically impossible to eliminate the occasional contamination of raw milk. Pasteurization is therefore a key step and critical to protecting public health, Taylor said, and he listed common diseases that can be transmitted through raw milk: tuberculosis, e-coli, salmonellosis, yersiniosis, listeriosis. -
But a California dairyman who sells raw milk to more than 400 stores says safety does not have to be a problem. There have been no reported illnesses from his 8 million servings of raw milk, in a state that regulates raw milk production and requires special labeling, said Mark McAfee. In fact no human pathogens have ever been found in his milk by state regulators or through is own testing, he said.

BSE occurrences decline in France

by Pete Hisey on 9/13/04 for Meatingplace.com

Source of Article: http://www.meatingplace.com/

A study of test results from millions of French cattle shows that the incidence of BSE has declined significantly since regulations requiring the removal of specified risk materials (SRMs) from cattle feed and dead animals from the meat processing and bone meal industries in 1996.

There was a significant increase in the rate of infection in birth cohorts immediately prior to the passage of the regulations, and then a significant decrease in cattle born after the regulations took effect.

The study was published in Veterinary Research, a French periodical.

PNNL lands $10.3 million NIH biodefense contract to unlock proteomes of salmonella and pox
11 Sep 2004

Source of Article: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/

5-year project will explore how our cells interact with infectious-agents and point the way to new, fast-acting drugs

RICHLAND, Wash. ?Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has received a $10.3 million biodefense contract from the National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Agents (NIAID) to identify the proteins that regulate the bacteria that cause salmonella poisoning and typhoid fever, and the monkey pox virus.

The five-year award is the Department of Energy lab's third $10 million National Institutes of Health grant or contract in the past year and the second for Richard D. Smith, principal investigator and a Battelle Fellow at PNNL.

Besides monkey pox, which serves as a close viral analog to deadly smallpox, two species from the genus Salmonella will be examined: typhimurium (which causes food poisoning) and typhi (typhoid fever). These pathogens, which spread quickly and are not easily combated with conventional drugs, could lead to major epidemics if enlisted by terrorists. NIAID is banking that determining which microbial proteins interact with which human host cells will point drug designers toward quick and effective treatments during an outbreak.

To conduct the analysis of these microbial proteins, scientists at PNNL will use proteomics instruments and approaches unavailable elsewhere that simultaneously combine the high-resolution separation of proteins with their identification, on a suite of powerful mass spectrometers developed at the W.R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Science Laboratory on the PNNL campus.

Collaborators at Oregon Health & Science University in Portland will prepare the infectious agents for the proteomics at PNNL and will assist in analyzing the data generated there. The OHSU group has been able to knock out key genes that regulate the degree of pathogenic activity in the microbes. This capability will allow researchers to test proteins identified at PNNL as candidates to be targeted by drugs.

PNNL (www.pnl.gov) is a DOE Office of Science laboratory that solves complex problems in energy, national security, the environment and life sciences by advancing the understanding of physics, chemistry, biology and computation. PNNL employs 3,800, has a $600 million annual budget, and has been managed by Ohio-based Battelle since the lab's inception in 1965.

Contact: Bill Cannon
cannon@pnl.gov
509-375-3732
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Foodborne botulism in the United States, 1990-2000
September, 2004
Emerging Infectious Diseases
Jeremy Sobel,* Nicole Tucker,* Alana Sulka,* Joseph McLaughlin,*? and Susan Maslanka*
http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no9/03-0403.htm
*Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; and †Alaska State Department of Health and Social Services, Anchorage, Alaska, USA
Suggested citation for this article
Summary
Foodborne botulism, a potentially lethal neuroparalytic disease, is caused by ingesting preformed Clostridium botulinum neurotoxin. We reviewed surveillance data and reports from 1990 to 2000. Of 263 cases from 160 foodborne botulism events (episode of one or more related cases) in the United States, 103 (39%) cases and 58 events occurred in Alaska. Patients' median age was 48 years; 154 (59%) were female; the case-fatality rate was 4%. The median number of cases per event was 1 (range 1?7). Toxin type A caused 51% of all cases; toxin type E caused 90% of Alaska cases. A particular food was implicated in 126 (79%) events. In the lower 49 states, a noncommercial food item was implicated in 70 (91%) events, most commonly home-canned vegetables (44%). Two restaurant-associated outbreaks affected 25 persons. All Alaska cases were attributable to traditional Alaska Native foods. Botulism prevention efforts should be focused on those who preserve food at home, Alaska Natives, and restaurant workers.

Salmonella enterica serotype Uganda infection in New York City and Chicago
September 2004
Emerging Infectious Diseases
Roderick C. Jones,* Vasudha Reddy,¢Ó Laura Kornstein,¢Ó Julio R. Fernandez,* Faina Stavinsky,¢Ó Alice Agasan,¢Ó and Susan I. Gerber*
http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no9/03-0403.htm
*Chicago Department of Public Health, Chicago, Illinois, USA; and ¢ÓNew York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, New York, USA
Summary
Outbreaks associated with distinct strains of Salmonella enterica serotype Uganda, a rare serotype, occurred in New York City and Chicago during the summer of 2001. Both outbreaks were linked to eating ready-to-eat pork products. This serotype may emerge as a more frequent cause of human infections.

Botulism Type E outbreak associated with eating a beached whale, Alaska
September 2004
Emerging Infectious Diseases
Joseph B. McLaughlin,* Jeremy Sobel,* Tracey Lynn,¢Ó Elizabeth Funk,¢Ô and John P. Middaugh¢Ô
http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no9/03-0403.htm
*Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; ¢ÓUnited States Department of Agriculture, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA; and ¢ÔAlaska Department of Health and Social Services, Anchorage, Alaska, USA
Suggested citation for this article
Summary
We report an outbreak of botulism that occurred in July 2002 in a group of 12 Alaskan Yu'pik Eskimos who ate blubber and skin from a beached beluga whale. Botulism death rates among Alaska Natives have declined in the last 20 years, yet incidence has increased.

New food safety detection system speeds pathogen detection
September 13, 2004
safefood
www.safefoodlonline.com
Quicker containment of food poisoning outbreaks now possible
Collaborative work commissioned by safefood, the Food Safety Promotion Board, has resulted in the validation and accreditation of a DNA-based commercial system, ABAX, for the rapid and accurate detection of Salmonella and Listeria pathogens. Using the new system, testing for Salmonella now takes 24 hours compared with four days using the conventional culture methods. Listeria testing time also reduced from seven days to 48 hours. A survey of 500 different food samples confirmed that this new testing system is as sensitive as conventional methods in detecting both of these food-borne pathogens therefore offering the general public extra confidence in the protection of public health.
This research was carried out by the Food Microbiology Laboratory, St Finbarrs Hospital, Cork and the Public Health Laboratory, Waterford Regional Hospital as part of the synergy programme, funded by safefood. The purpose of this programme is to promote ongoing research and development and also to establish links between laboratories on the island of Ireland.
Commenting on the research, Thomas Quigley, Director Science & Technical, safefood said, We were very excited to see the results of this synergy?project. This new system will see the detection time of two potentially dangerous pathogens substantially reduced to enable speedier containment of any foodborne outbreaks offering the general public even greater confidence in the food chain and the protection of public health.Commenting on the findings, Noel Shanaghy, Chief Medical Scientist of the Waterford Public Health Laboratory said, As well as the introduction of a new accredited rapid test, both laboratories benefited from participating in this project and the experience gained from working together formed relationships and links which will be valuable for further co-operation.safefood anticipates that the two laboratories who participated in this project will now be in a position to pass on the knowledge and expertise gained to other laboratories throughout the island, ensuring a quick and reliable turnaround for salmonella and listeria testing throughout the country.
Editors Notes:
Salmonella
Salmonella is a bacterium commonly found in the intestines of humans and animals. It can also be found on raw meats, poultry, eggs and in unpasteurised milk. The symptoms of salmonella food poisoning are diarrhoea, cramps vomiting and fever. The incubation period is from 12-36 hours. The illness called salmonellosis, is sometimes severe and admission to hospital may be necessary.
In 2003 there were 662 laboratory–confirmed cases of salmonellosis on the island of Ireland, 449 cases were reported to the National Disease Surveillance Centre NDSC in ROI1 and 213 cases were reported to the Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre in Northern Ireland CDSC-NI2.
Listeria
Listeria is transmitted primarily in food but it is destroyed by heat treatment and/or cooking. It may be present in certain raw foods and certain foods, which have not been cooked at the proper temperatures. Listeria is resistant to cold temperatures and may grow in the refrigerator. Foods through which it is transmitted are
Unpasteurised milk and unpasteurised milk products
Certain soft-ripened cheeses, blue-veined varieties.
Under-cooked meats and meat products including poultry and pates, raw vegetables, salads and sea-foods.
In certain rare circumstances it can cause illnesses. These include influenza-like illness, miscarriage and meningitis.
1 Provisional 2003 figures from the National Disease Surveillance Centre, NDSC
2 Communicable Diseases ?Provisional Summary 2003, Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre in Northern Ireland, CDSC-NI

Penn State offers venison workshop for successful hunters
September 10, 2004
News Release
University Park, Pa.- Time was when every deer hunter was taught how to butcher a deer, process the meat and prepare a variety of tasty venison dishes. But these days, it sometimes seems like that vital information is not passed down. So Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences is opening its Sept. 25th Venison 101 Workshop -- which has been offered to extension educators in the past -- to the public. "It's a one-day, intensive hands-on program designed for hunters or family members who have an interest in expanding their knowledge of deer diseases, processing venison, and preparing venison for friends and family," says Cathy Cutter, assistant professor of food science. The workshop, which will be held from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. at the Penn State Meats Lab near Beaver Stadium on the University Park campus, begins with an evaluation of deer diseases (including chronic wasting disease), followed by proper field dressing, an opportunity for hands-on processing, and cooking/canning demonstrations. Participants will be able to taste venison products and interact with speakers.
The deadline to register for the Venison 101 Workshop is Sept. 15. The cost of $150 per person includes educational materials, lunch, breaks, venison and door prizes.
To register or to get more information about the Venison 101 Workshop, visit the Web at http://foodsafety.cas.psu.edu/venison101.html or contact Cathy Cutter by phone at (814) 865-8862 or by e-mail at cnc3@psu.edu.

 

Humane Handling and Slaughter Requirements and the Merits of a Systematic Approach

Progress Report on Salmonella Testing of Raw Meat and Poultry Products, 1998-2003

SurfaceGlove Now A New HACCP Safety Utensil

Source of Article: http://www.catering-uk.co.uk/
Tuesday, September 07
Bacteria is on the attack in restaurants and food service operations across the country. MicrobeGuard Corporation has a new HACCP safety utensil that helps prevent cross-contamination on food pans, counters and storage surfaces. MicrobeGuard's SurfaceGloveTM FoodlinerTM and FoodprepTM antimicrobial papers create a safe, sanitary barrier anytime or anywhere food needs to be prepared or stored.

SurfaceGloveTM Now A New HACCP Safety Utensil.
Controlling surface contamination is a constant concern for the food industry. It is widely recognized that commonly used sanitizers and cleaners are not always effective in managing bacterial growth. MicrobeGuard Corporation has a new HACCP safety utensil that helps prevent cross-contamination on food pans, counters and storage surfaces. MicrobeGuard's SurfaceGloveTM FoodlinerTM and FoodprepTM antimicrobial papers create a safe, sanitary barrier anytime or anywhere food needs to be prepared or stored.

"Risk is everywhere," says Mark D. Thomas, FSCI, FMP, Research Chef at the University of Georgia Food PIC and President of M.D.T, LTD. He continues, "Prep, storage, transportation and service environments all provide their own unique challenges. SurfaceGlove can be used to increase the level of safety in each step of the food production process."

SurfaceGlove is engineered with Indenta, a patented, deep textured surface design, consisting of paper and poly layers with antimicrobial properties, which are FDA acceptable for direct food contact. In addition, SurfaceGlove was tested by the NSF Toxicology Group, LLC, whose results showed that a minimum of 4.8 log reduction was recognized with all challenged organisms.

The active ingredient of the antimicrobial agent in SurfaceGlove is silver zeolite. The zeolite disrupts RNA replication, which inhibits the reproduction of organisms. The silver zeolite component of SurfaceGlove is certified by NSF International and is approved by the FDA and USDA for use in food processing applications. In addition, SurfaceGlove is approved by the USDA Food Safety Inspection Service, for use in federally inspected meat and poultry establishments.

"When this product was the design phase, even we didn't realize its potential", acknowledges Tony Salemi, MicrobeGuard Partner. "There are so many industry applications where food safety barriers are critical, and where the wrong materials are being used. SurfaceGlove offers a new front-line practice in the battle against bacteria. It's a continuous, replaceable sanitary surface that can be used anytime, anywhere."

MicrobeGuard Corporation is the originator and manufacturer of the patented SurfaceGlove products. Headquartered in DesPlaines IL, MicrobeGuard provides innovative safety solutions for the food and hospitality industries.

To obtain more information on the NSF Toxicology Group report or for additional information on SurfaceGlove or the MicrobeGuard Corporation, visit our website at http://www.microbeguard.com or contact Tony Salemi at 888-635-8363 or at sales@microbeguard.com.

Current USDA/FDA NEWS
Deaths due to Unknown Foodborne Agents
Humane Handling and Slaughter Requirements and the Merits of a Systematic Approach
Home Alone After School Snacks and Food Safety USDA Quiz for Parents and Kids
FDA Gives Advice to Consumers to Handle the Aftermath of Hurricane Frances
Sheila Dearybury Walcoff Appointed Associate FDA Commissioner for External Relations
Progress Report on Salmonella Testing of Raw Meat & Poultry Products, 1998-2003
USDA CONSUMER ALERT: Keeping Food Safe During An Emergency
AVISO de ALERTA del USDA: Como Mantener los Alimentos Sanos Durante una Emergencia
VMAC FALL 2004 MEETING SCHEDULED FOR OCTOBER 13TH
Food Advisory Committee; Tentative Schedule of Meetings for 2004; Amendment of Notice

Current Outbreaks
09/13. Salmonellosis, cruise ship - UK (Scotland)
09/13. Hepatitis A - Germany Ex Egypt
09/12. [Ireland, UK] Salmonella alert after 16 fall sick
09/12. [Lebanon] Spoiled meat victims' health costs to be covered b
09/11. Over 200 students hit by food poisoning in south China
09/10. CJD (new var.) - UK: update 2004
09/10. CTX-M É¿-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli in long-term c
09/10. Cases of travel-associated hepatitis A in Germany: update
09/10. Salmonella enterica serotype Uganda infection in New York Ci
09/10. Salmonellosis outbreak on a cruise ship travelling from Germ
09/10. Rotavirus serotype g9p[8] and acute gastroenteritis outbreak
09/10. Botulism Type E outbreak associated with eating a beached wh
09/10. Foodborne Botulism in the Republic of Georgia
09/10. [WA, USA] Virus continues to upset students
09/10. Bacteria blamed in 3 Orangeville deaths
09/10. [UK] Salmonella outbreak investigated
09/10. [NC, USA] More than 100 become ill on school field trip
09/10. [Australia] Pizza place pays poisoned punters
09/10. SICK BUG OUTBREAK
09/10. Health chiefs probe E.coli outbreak
09/10. Food poisoning kills one, hospitalises 34
09/10. ROCHESTER, Ind. It wasn't food poisoning that made about 80
09/09. Botulism, smoked fish - Russia (Buryatia) (03)
09/09. [Ireland] Doctors probe second food bug outbreak
09/08. Confirmed cyrpto cases up to 26; health warnings issued
09/08. Cholera Epidemic Associated with Raw Vegetables, Zambia, 200
09/08. Cause of Salmonellosis Outbreak Still Unknown
09/08. [UK] MORE TESTS IN E.COLI INQUIRY
09/08. [Indonesia] 'Food poisoning' claims nine victims

Current New Methods
09/07. END OF THE LINO FOR SUPERBUG
09/06. PURE Bioscience's Silver Dihydrogen Citrate Disinfectant Qui
09/05. eMerge Interactive Announces Shipment of Third Verifeye Carc
09/04. SurfaceGlove Now A New HACCP Safety Utensil
09/01. Updated dust extraction facilities for food processing plant
09/01. Product of the week: Electric Aquagenics Unlimited Inc. desi
09/01. GPI launches new aseptic packaging system
08/30. Product of the week: Industrial Controls¡¯ Foamatic hand-drye
08/30. NEW RAPID PATHOGEN DETECTION

Current Food Safety Informaiton
09/13. Laboratory Director
09/13. Great Lakes cities face 'potential for tragedy': Outbreaks o
09/13. A debate over raw vs. pasteurized
09/13. Ontario issues warning against Morra Cheese products Chief M
09/13. Cheese maker surrenders his licence
09/13. Penn State offers venison workshop for successful hunters
09/13. Don't take chances with food safety
09/13. Restaurant Workshop, Inc. Encourages Foodservice Professiona
09/13. BSE occurrences decline in France
09/13. European food body investigates harmful furan
09/13. PNNL lands $10.3 million NIH biodefense contract to unlock p
09/13. Mom's business lets allergic girl enjoy the sweeter things i
09/13. More Restaurants Catering To Food Allergies
09/13. Japan stands by testing cows over 20 months for mad cow dise
09/13. Japan reluctant to accept U.S. demand for looser mad cow tes
09/13. Japan confirms 12th BSE case
09/13. Washington unhappy with Japan's beef plan
09/13. [LA, USA] Cow Island residents fear water tainted

09/12. Deer In SE Utah Test Positive For CWD
09/12. Golden Corral Faces Salmonella Suit
09/12. WSU vet hospital at forefront of terror fight
09/12. School officials consider lead tests
09/12. Japan confirms new case of mad cow disease

09/11. [New Zealand] Imported foods not tested
09/11. Warning: Stolen beef bad for your health
09/11. [UK] Colourings in food
09/11. Man who caused baby-food poisoning scare indicted
09/11. Canada Sets C$484M Aid For Beef Industry Hurt By Mad Cow
09/11. Japan Stands By Testing Of Imported Cows Over 20 Months
09/11. Some Farmers Try To Loosen Restrictions On Raw-Milk Sales

09/10. BC-Mad
09/10. Canadian Cattlemen's Association welcomes federal government
09/10. Risky business - Part 2 The art of risk communication
09/10. Food Irradiation Education Activities
09/10. Analysis of radiolytic products of lipid in irradiated dried
09/10. Irradiating food a good idea
09/10. American National CattleWomen (ANCW) Irradiation Education I
09/10. Health Canada to recommend irradiation of more food, says Le
09/10. Quotable Quotes
09/10. Barriers to Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease autopsies, California
09/10. Cryptosporidium: from molecules to disease
09/10. Foodborne botulism in the United States, 1990 - 2000
09/10. Samoa Minister encourages cooperation
09/10. Deaths due to unknown foodborne agents
09/10. Media Workshop On Food Safety Draws Record Number of Reporte
09/10. Japanese govt to end blanket tests for BSE
09/10. Ottawa offers aid package to cattle farmers
09/10. PURE Bioscience Supports National Food Safety Education Mont
09/10. [Ireland] New food testing lab for Limerick
09/10. Red tide forces shellfish ban
09/10. E-coli bug found in BA inflight food
09/10. Deaths due to Unknown Foodborne Agents

09/09. [New Zealand] Tomorrow's food regulation
09/09. BC-Mad
09/09. Pennsylvania requires food businesses to have one safety-cer
09/09. How new diseases from insects hit people like the plague
09/09. BSE update
09/09. OIG report on BSE surveillance program
09/09. Optimistic outlook; Co-op expecting approval for testing soo
09/09. [Penn, USA] Food Safety Training for Cooks
09/09. Japan Inches Closer To Readmitting U.S. Beef
09/09. [UK] RESIDUE LEVELS FALL
09/09. No nuts, please: Parents, schools adjust to severe food alle
09/09. [NH, USA] Food allergy group plans meeting
09/09. Iran steps up cull of pistachios with cancer-linked mold
09/09. [Israel] Keep hands off raw fish
09/09. Gov't food safety panel paves way for resuming U.S. beef imp
09/09. Japan's top food safety panel clears way for end to U.S. bee
09/09. Pathological Changes in Blood Found in Jilin Students Poison

09/08. Home Alone? After School Snacks and Food Safety USDA Quiz for Parents and Kids
09/08. Food Allergy Buddy (FAB) Dining Card
09/08. Hand-washing reminders available
09/08. FRAUD CHARGED
09/08. U.S., Japan move toward ending beef import ban
09/08. Byrne bids adieu -
09/08. Why are we so allergy-prone?
09/08. Commission takes on controversial GM seed limits
09/08. State to crack down on livestock and poultry vendors
09/08. Mad cow crisis is getting worse, Harper says
09/08. Hurdle cleared in BSE testing
09/08. Safe Home Canning
09/08. [WA, USA] Lead Still In School Water
09/08. Pennsylvania Game Commission Offers Advice to Hunters Headed
09/08. Wasting disease creates concerns
09/08. Exclusive Bosses: Flooring is life-saver
09/08. Kids, Watch Out for Salmonella from Reptiles -
09/08. [CA, USA] Health department closes Blue Whale Restaurant
09/08. Americans Need Help Managing `Mealtime Multitasking'
09/08. PERSPECTIVE
09/08. Restaurants Given Awards For Excellence in Food Preparation
09/08. Japan Food Commission Makes No Ruling on Mad-Cow Test Policy
09/08. [UK] ?,000 fine for 'filthy' restaurant
09/08. Nebraska rejects irradiated beef
09/08. [Malaysia] Re-using disposable water bottles
09/08. [FL, USA] Health Department Warns Of Food, Water Warning

Current Recall Information
09/13. Certain BETTER BEEF brand beef may contain E. coli 0157:H7
09/06. California Natural Products recalls 11 beverages
09/06. Certain raw PISTACHIO KERNEL products may be contaminated with aflatoxin
09/05. BOCCONCINI SOFT CHEESE may contain Listeria monocytogenes
09/02. Spring House Creamery Recalls Creamline Goat and Creamline Cow Milk
09/01. Undeclared sulphites in DOUBLE SWAN DRIED LILY FLOWERS
08/30. ALLERGY ALERT - Undeclared sulphites in DRIED LILY FLOWER
08/29. Dandee Foods Recalls "The Club" Sandwich Because of Possible Health Risk
08/29. Dandee recalls club sandwich
08/27. Missouri Firm Recalls Chicken Breasts That May Contain Pieces Of Metal
08/23. Carlsbad Oysters Recalled
08/21. Illinois Firm Recalls Beef Products For Possible E. coli O157:H7
08/19. SOBEYS FRESH GROUND VEAL may contain E. coli O157:H7 bacteria
08/17. Neighbors Coffee Expands Coffee Allergy Alert to Include Undeclared Almonds in Tea
08/17. Stu Leonard's Announces Deli Ham Recall