and Sanitation of Processing Equipment
Training Program for All Employees
source from cornell.edu/
Toxin-producing E. coli (STEC), O157 and Non-O157
source from wisc.edu
of Food Protection
Journal of Food Safety
A Preliminary Study of Kashar Cheese and Its Organoleptic Qualities
Matured in Bee Wax
Effect of Coating and Wrapping materials on the shelf life of
apple (Malus domestica cv.Borkh)
Prevalence of bacteria in the muscle of shrimp in processing
submit your research note or articles for Internet Journal of Food Safety, click
Processors who need specific tranings
food processors need
supplemental food safety training.
Also, there are
many food safety
educators. FoodHACCP is trying to
Additives Permitted in Feed and Drinking Water of Animals
the Food Supply from Intentional Adulteration: An Introductory Training Session
Announces Expansion of BSE Research Program and Research Initiative to Improve
Government Requests Appeal In Minimal-Risk Rule Case
criticizes FDA on feed ban
Issues Health Advisory About Certain Soft Cheese Made From Raw Milk
Session of the Codex Committee on Food Labelling
Session of the Codex Committee on General Principles
Seafood That Contains Toxic Substances Can Effect the Nervous System
of Article: http://www.newswise.com/
seafood containing toxic substances can have serious neurological as well as gastrointestinal
effects, reveals a review.
Eating seafood containing toxic substances can have serious neurological as well
as gastrointestinal effects, reveals a review in the April issue of The Lancet
parts of the Pacific, the number of cases of marine poisoning exceeds 1200 per
100 000 people per year. Although most of the burden of marine poisoning is in
rural coastal communities, many people who live outside these communities, or
travel to them, are presenting to their doctors with acute or ongoing effects
after eating seafood.
Isbister (Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia) and colleagues reviewed
data on the neurological syndromes associated with the ingestion of common marine
toxins. Their article details the three major clinical syndromes that present
after the consumption of seafood containing toxic substances: ciguatera, puffer
fish (tetrodotoxin) poisoning, and shellfish poisoning. Ciguatera poisoning causes
both gastrointestinal and neurological effects and previous studies suggest the
proportion of each type is regionally dependent. Neurological effects predominate
in the Indo-Pacific region whereas gastrointestinal ones predominate in the Caribbean.
Many fish have been associated with ciguatera poisoning, including large tropical
fish, such as moray eels. Puffer fish poisoning results from the ingestion of
fish containing tetrodotoxin and is the commonest lethal marine poisoning. It
mainly occurs in southeast Asia and most commonly in Japan where puffer fish fillet
(fugu) is a delicacy. Neurological effects vary depending on the severity of poisoning
but can include numbness, slurred speech, incoordination, and paralysis. Shellfish
poisoning makes up about 1¡¤1% of food-borne illness in the USA. Three major neurological
toxic syndromes result from shellfish poisoning?paralytic, neurotoxic, and amnesic.
Dr Isbister concludes:
¡°Description of the common neurotoxic marine poisonings is important for increased
awareness of these syndromes. However, prevention of potentially life-threatening
poisoning is key and clearly, people should exercise caution whenever confronted
with a plate of exotic shellfish or large tropical fish. Travellers should consult
appropriate medical travel information services for region and season specific
food a higher priority, consumer survey says
Source of Article:
3/15/2005-Could consumer reluctance to pay more, and fears
over irradiation, be trumped by concerns for food safety? According to a survey
conducted by Food Safety Consortium researchers at Kansas State University, a
majority of consumers would be willing to pay more for meat that's been treated
-- by irradiation or steam pasteurization -- against pathogenic bacteria.
the mail survey, 79% of respondents said that at equal prices, they would choose
a "treated" meat product over a standard meat product. If the treated
product cost more, 55% would choose it.
Although the probability of choosing
to buy an untreated product was higher if the meat was treated via irradiation,
once a respondent chose to buy treated meat, they placed a higher value on irradiation,
and were more willing to pay a higher price for it.
point I want to emphasize
is the fact that in this survey, we did not provide any information about irradiation,?said
Sean Fox, the KSU agricultural economics associate professor who conducted the
survey. shown in other surveys that providing information about the technology
is absolutely critical to acceptance. In this survey there was no information
other than a statement that irradiation is used to kill bacteria.Other results
from the survey showed that people who consumed more ground beef away from home
were more likely to buy the treated product, and that women were slightly more
willing to pay more for a treated product than men.
The survey was mailed to
households in Colorado, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas and
Foreign markets plan to reopen to U.S. beef
AMI Media Release
The U.S. Department
of Agriculture (USDA) continues to work with foreign governments to regain export
markets that have been closed to U.S. beef and beef products since Dec. 2003.
decree will be signed by the Egyptian Minister of Agriculture to allow the United
States to export boneless beef from animals under 30 months of age. USDA is preparing
a (beef export verification) BEV that will ensure that Canadian beef is not shipped
or commingled with U.S. beef. The market is expected to open in the near future.
Egyptian imports of U.S. beef and beef product totaled $2.2 million in 2003.
Taiwanese interagency committee approved U.S. beef exports and will go to the
Executive Yuan for final approval by the end of the month. Upon approval, USDA
will need to finalize the exact terms of trade. U.S. beef and beef product exports
to Taiwan totaled $8 million in 2003.
USDA and the Food and Drug
Administration (FDA) had a video conference with Hong Kong officials last week
to discuss opening the border to U.S. beef. Two issues of concern surfaced: Hong
Kong wants more stringent measures for SRM removal and they want an animal identification
system similar to Canada. USDA and FDA are addressing those concerns. In 2003,
Hong Kong represented $9.8 million in beef and beef product trade.
on U.S. beef export markets, go to http://www.fsa.usda.gov
bovis, cheese - USA (NY): alert
March 16, 2005
ProMED-mail is a program of the International
Society for Infectious Diseases
Date: 16 Mar
From: ProMED-mail email@example.com
Source: New York City Department
of Health and Mental Hygiene, Press Release [edited]
New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene Office of Communications
CONTACT: Sandra Mullin/Sid Dinsay
Business Hours (212)
After Business Hours (212) 764-7667
Tuesday, March 15, 2005
HEALTH DEPT. WARNS AGAINST CONSUMPTION OF SOME IMPORTED MEXICAN CHEESES
may lead to infection with Mycobacterium bovis, a form of TB found in cattle;
35 cases including, one infant death in 2004, attributed to M. bovis tuberculosis
Several types of cheese imported from Mexico may be contaminated with Mycobacterium
bovis, which causes tuberculosis, according to the New York City Department of
Health & Mental Hygiene (DOHMH). The types of cheese, including queso fresco,
may be unpasteurized and may also be illegally imported from Mexico and sold without
approval by the New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets.
Carolina Firm Recalls Underprocessed Chicken Strips
Release CLASS I RECALL
FSIS-RC-011-2005 HEALTH RISK: HIGH
and Public Affairs
March 17, 2005 - Perdue Farms, Inc., a Concord, North Carolina, establishment,
is voluntarily recalling approximately 230,700 pounds of fully cooked chicken
breast strips due to possible underprocessing, the U.S. Department of Agriculture's
Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) announced today.
products being recalled are 10-pound cases of "SUBWAY FC CHICKEN BRST STRIPS."
Each case contains the code "09365" or "09222." Each case
also contains one of the following packing dates: "5032," "5038,"
"5052," "5055" or "5070."
chicken strips were produced in February and March and were shipped to centers
in Alabama, Florida, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Pennsylvania and Virginia
for further distribution.
problem was discovered by the company. FSIS has received no reports of illnesses
from consumption of the product.
with questions about the recall can call Perdue Corporate Communications Manager
Joe Forstoffer at (410) 860-4407. Consumers with questions about the recall can
call Perdue Consumer Services toll free at (1-800) 817-9810.
with food safety questions can phone the toll-free USDA Meat and Poultry Hotline
at 1-888-MPHotline (1-888-674-6854). The hotline is available in English and Spanish
and can be reached from l0 a.m. to 4 p.m. (Eastern Time) Monday through Friday.
Recorded food safety messages are available 24 hours a day.
Allows Use of Radically Different Food Safety Product For Fruit, Vegetable, Produce
Mar 14, 7:00 AM ET
of Article: http://news.yahoo.com/
from Selective Micro Technologies -- After Field Trials, Growers, Packers and
Grocers Predict Big Savings on Products that Last Longer and Look Better on Store
MA (PRWEB) March 14, 2005 -- Today food safety in the United States took an important
step forward after the FDA (news - web sites) allowed the use of a radically different
and highly-effective food antimicrobial called Selectrocide ¢â to wash fruits and
vegetables. Created by Selective Micro Technologies, Selectrocide produces more
than 99% pure chlorine dioxide solution. Food processors can use Selectrocide
to reduce microbial levels and improve their product quality over an extended
important for food processors to understand that bacteria and other organisms
living on the surface of fruits, vegetables cause them to rot and carry disease,
which may present a food safety issue" said Richard Hamilton, chief scientist
and co-founder of Selective Micro Technologies. "It"s long been known
that chlorine dioxide is an ideal biocide for killing unwanted organisms. However,
previous products that generate chlorine dioxide have contained harmful contaminates.
Selectrocide is a product that creates greater than 99% pure chlorine dioxide
in a convenient, easy-to-use form. Simply add water."
Alert Inc. awarded seventh U.S. patent
March 15, 2005
TORONTO - Toxin Alert Inc. (TOX - TSX-V) announced today that
the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) had awarded the company Patent No.
6,867,052 entitled "Biological material detecting articles of manufacture".
This is the seventh patent for Toxin Alert Inc. and is the first one to incorporate
the Toxin Guard(TM) technology into manufactured items such as gloves, hats, facemasks
and aprons. There has been great interest expressed in this technology by the
U.S. Armed Forces, the Department of Homeland Security and others.
Inc. has research agreements in place with the U.S. Army and the University of
Southern Mississippi, and has commercial licensing and supply agreements with
the Port Graham Development Corporation of Alaska and Dianova Sverige AB of Sweden.
to avoid food poisoning |
10:28pm (Mla time) Mar 18, 2005
By Willie T. Ong, MD, MPH
of Article: http://news.inq7.net/
Note: Published on Page B4 of the March 19, 2005 issue of the Philippine Daily
"150 PEOPLE hospitalized after eating cheese sandwich in an
office party." "27 school children in Bohol die after eating street
Like terrorists, deadly bacteria and toxins are lying in wait to
strike you. Brought by your favorite waiter or sold at your local carinderia,
these invisible microbes may be hiding in your favorite buko salad, pancit canton
or cassava cake. Food poisoning could hurt, maim, even kill.
Here are 10 tips
to avoid becoming a victim:
to see the 10 tips click here
Association pleased with USDA decision to appeal preliminary injunction
Canadian Cattlemen¡¯s Association (CCA)
The Canadian Cattlemen¡¯s
Association (CCA) stated that today¡¯s announcement by the United States Department
of Agriculture (USDA) to appeal the preliminary injunction delaying movement of
live cattle to the U.S. is a positive step that indicates USDA¡¯s confidence in
Canada¡¯s BSE controls and the safety of Canadian beef. CCA is pleased with USDA¡¯s
resolve to move toward normalized trade between our two countries.
A USDA rule
to allow importation of live feeder and slaughter cattle under 30 months and an
expanded list of beef products from Canada was to have gone into effect March
7. Implementation of that rule was delayed by a U.S. District Court for Montana,
Billings Division preliminary injunction issued on March 2. USDA today filed a
request with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit asking that that court
overturn the preliminary injunction.
CCA agrees with the USDA that the requirements
of the minimal-risk rule, in combination with the animal and public health measures
already in place in the United States and Canada, provide the utmost protection
to consumers and livestock in both our countries.
Seizure Carried out by United States Marshals Under Court Order
the request of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), U. S. Marshals seized various
articles of food at LAO Trading Company, Nashville, Tennessee on March 14, 2005.
The seizure action was initiated after the FDA found extensive evidence of rodent
infestation throughout the firm¡¯s warehouse facility during a recent inspection.
The U.S. Marshal
seized all FDA-regulated items susceptible to rodent contamination. The seized
products are considered adulterated under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic
Act because they were held under insanitary conditions whereby they may have become
contaminated with filth. LAO Trading Company stores and distributes institutional-sized
packages of foods and ingredients, including rice, noodles, and beans, that are
typically used in the preparation of foods in restaurants. LAO Trading Company
primarily distributes its products within the Nashville metropolitan area.
Bacteria on Poultry Products Differ by Brand
Source of Article: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/
presence of drug-resistant, pathogenic bacteria on uncooked poultry products varies
by commercial brand and is likely related to antibiotic use in production, according
to researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Their study
is the first to directly compare bacterial contamination of poultry products sold
in U.S. supermarkets from food producers who use antibiotics and from those who
claim they do not. The study focused on antibiotic resistance, specifically fluoroquinolone-resistance
in Campylobacter, a pathogen responsible for 2.4 million cases of food-borne illness
per year in the U.S., according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The study is published online in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives.
¡°Our use of medically
important classes of antibiotics in food-animal production creates a significant
public health concern,¡± said the study's lead author Lance Price, a doctoral candidate
and fellow at the Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for a Livable Future.
¡°Companies that use antibiotics foster the development of drug-resistant bacteria
which can spread to the human population. Claims have been made that using antibiotics
increases food safety by reducing pathogens on the meat. Interestingly, in addition
to the results regarding fluoroquinolone-resistant Campylobacter, we also found
that brands that do not use any antibiotics during production were no more likely
to contain Campylobacter than those that do. In fact, the only brand with a significantly
lower rate of Campylobacter contamination was actually an antibiotic-free brand.¡±
Are E. coli O157:H7 illnesses going
March 15, 2005
United States Department of Agriculture's newly released data shows a precipitous
drop, not in illnesses, but in ground beef samples that tested positive for E.
coli O157:H7 in 2004 - the second such drop the USDA has announced in two years.
S.T.O.P. members are simultaneously hopeful and troubled because the data collection
system that backs these claims is fundamentally flawed. "It's hard to say
whether this is real or not," says Barbara Kowalcyk, a professional biostatistician
and S.T.O.P. Board member who lost her son to the disease. "The testing is
still flawed. The samples are not randomly selected, it's not appropriately designed..."
The end result, Kowalcyk says, is that the tests have no bearing on the actual
prevalence of E. coli O157:H7 in the ground beef consumers buy in the stores.
In fact, Kowalcyk was so appalled by the study design last February that she volunteered
to prepare an hour-long presentation for USDA economists. A year later, only a
few of the needed corrective actions have been taken. FSIS' release backs its
claims by noting that E. coli O157:H7 recalls and illness reports have gone down,
but because both of those numbers are directly impacted by the testing program
results, neither cannot be counted as reliable indicators. As S.T.O.P. continues
to answer heartbreaking calls from victims and families of E. coli O157:H7 in
2005, there is reason for hope but equal reason for increased USDA vigilance against
the deadly bug. In the words of Barbara Kowalcyk, "If you don't look for
something, you're not likely to find it."
outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis in north east London
Eurosurveillance Weekly Volume 10, Issue 11
Sudi Anaraki (firstname.lastname@example.org),
Isabelle Giraudon and Simon Cathcart, London Health Protection Agency, London,
Public health officials
are investigating an outbreak of Salmonella Enteritidis phage type (PT) 1 linked
to a shop selling kebabs in north east London . The health authority was first
alerted to the outbreak on 12 February 2005 after 31 patients with symptoms of
food poisoning presented at the emergency department of the local hospital.
hundred and ninety-five cases have now been reported from various sources, 87
of which have been confirmed as infections with S. Enteritidis PT 1. This phage
type showed a distinct reduced sensitivity to ciprofloxacin. Another 12 specimens
are positive for salmonella and are awaiting typing.
The patients¡¯ symptoms
included diarrhoea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fever, nausea, and headaches. Some
suffered from dehydration and confusion. A number of patients were admitted to
hospital with possible systemic infection.
Class I This is a health hazard situation
where there is a reasonable probability that the use of the product will cause
serious, adverse health consequences or death.
Class II This is a health
hazard situation where there is a remote probability of adverse health consequences
from the use of the product.
Class III This is a situation where the
use of the product will not cause adverse health consequences.
International introduces Soleris¢â and Envisio¢â microbial testing systems
Centrus International, Inc
Kingsport, Tenn. Centrus International,
Inc., a new global diagnostics business, introduces a suite of microbial testing
systems to rapidly detect contamination in products and raw materials. The Soleris
system (formerly BioSys) and the Envisio system provide rapid microbiology testing
solutions for food, dairy, meat and nutraceutical processors, and additional industrial
markets. Centrus¡¯ diagnostics portfolio tests for pathogens, such as E Coli O157,
as well as routine organisms such as coliform bacteria, Enterobacteriaceae, Staphylococcus,
Listeria environmental, yeast and mold, and lactic acid bacteria.
cutting-edge technology decreases time-to-result in microbial testing,¡± says Jeffrey
C. Needham, general manager, Centrus. ¡°Faster results mean quicker, better-informed
decisions, allowing competitive businesses to enhance their efficiency and minimize
costs, while still ensuring the overall quality of their product.¡±
The Soleris 32 and Soleris 128 are rapid optical systems that enable
manufacturers to screen raw materials, products or environments for early contamination
of microorganisms. Featuring an innovative combination of photo detection, ready-to-use
assays and advanced Windows-based software, the Soleris system accurately measures
microbial growth by monitoring pH and other biochemical reactions that generate
a color change as microorganisms in the vial broth grow and metabolize. Results
are often available in hours, rather than days. In fact, Soleris is so sensitive
it can detect a single organism per vial. The Soleris 32 and Soleris 128 automated
test systems feature unique ease-of-use, accuracy and sensitivity, all vital to
ensure test reproducibility and repeatability.
Magnetic Detection Technology
Envisio system is designed to provide rapid, accurate test results for E. coli
O157 contamination. The heart of the system is an innovative application of proven
technical components. The system uses antibodies to attach superparamagnetic particles
to assay targets. A unique membrane-based test strip then captures target organisms
in a detection zone where remarkably sensitive induction coils detect small changes
in a magnetic field. This combination of proven technical components and innovative
magnetic detection technology enables the Envisio system to detect contaminants
in an enriched sample at concentrations much lower than other available methods.
This lower detection threshold delivers shorter enrichment times and enhanced
sensitivity, reducing the time from test sample to test result. The Envisio system
provides faster results with uncompromised accuracy, providing food and meat processors
with the data they need to make informed decisions affecting their business.
customers¡¯ livelihood depends on quick and confident decision making,¡± says Dr.
Dominique Sorgeloos, managing director business operations. ¡°Centrus product platforms
are designed to provide fast, actionable microbial test results that our customers
Centrus International, Inc.
Located in Kingsport, Tenn., U.S.A.,
Centrus is a global diagnostics business, providing innovative solutions that
improve the lives of its customers. Centrus customers include leading manufacturers
in food processing, meat, dairy, nutraceutical and other industrial diagnostics
markets where timely, accurate actionable information is essential to making important
business decisions. Centrus is a wholly owned subsidiary of Eastman Chemical Company
(NYSE-EMN), and its products and services are available directly and through its
business partners worldwide. For more information about Centrus and its products,
For more information, please contact Richard
Fountain, marketing and communications manager, Centrus International, Inc., tel:
423-229-5986, email: rfountain@CentrusInternational.com.
Qualicon BAX¢ç system for detecting listeria receives AOAC-RI certification
DuPont Qualicon News Release
WILMINGTON, Del. ? Today DuPont Qualicon
announced that it¡¯s BAX¢ç system for detecting Listeria has been certified as Performance
Testedsm Method No. 030502 by the AOAC Research Institute of Gaithersburg, MD.
Validation studies compared BAX¢ç system performance to the standard culture
method used by the U.S. Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service,
which requires a 48-hour dual enrichment and manual plating. AOAC-RI found that
the automated BAX¢ç system performed as well as the culture method for detecting
Listeria species on environmental surfaces such as plastic, ceramic, rubber, concrete,
wood, cast iron and air filter material. Moreover, proprietary BAX¢ç system media
combines a single enrichment step with shorter incubation times, so that results
are available about 30-33 hours after sampling.
¡°Labs that need third-party
endorsement have been waiting for this approval,¡± said Kevin Huttman, president
of DuPont Qualicon. ¡°Now they can start saving time and money with the simplified
enrichment and next-day results of the BAX¢ç system.¡±
The BAX¢ç detection system
is an innovative DNA-based technology for screening raw ingredients, finished
products and environmental samples for pathogens or other organisms. The BAX¢ç
system provides polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays to detect Salmonella, Listeria
monocytogenes, Listeria species, E. coli O157:H7 and Enterobacter sakazakii. Optimized
media is also available for some assays.
DuPont Qualicon also markets the patented
RiboPrinter¢ç system, the world¡¯s only automated DNA fingerprinting instrument
to track and trend bacterial contamination in pharmaceuticals, personal care products
and food. For more information, visit www.qualicon.com