Sanitation and Verification
and Sanitation of Processing Equipment
Training Program for All Employees
source from cornell.edu/
Toxin-producing E. coli (STEC), O157 and Non-O157
source from wisc.edu
of Food Protection
Journal of Food Safety
A Preliminary Study of Kashar Cheese and Its Organoleptic Qualities
Matured in Bee Wax
Effect of Coating and Wrapping materials on the shelf life of
apple (Malus domestica cv.Borkh)
Prevalence of bacteria in the muscle of shrimp in processing
submit your research note or articles for Internet Journal of Food Safety, click
Processors who need specific tranings
food processors need
supplemental food safety training.
Also, there are
many food safety
educators. FoodHACCP is trying to
of salmonella infections associated with eating roma tomatoes ---United States
and Canada, 2004
April 7, 2005
MMWR Volume 54, Number 13, Page
Three outbreaks of Salmonella infections associated
with eating Roma tomatoes were detected in the United States and Canada in the
summer of 2004. In one multistate U.S. outbreak during June 25--July 18, multiple
Salmonella serotypes were isolated, and cases were associated with exposure to
Roma tomatoes from multiple locations of a chain delicatessen. Each of the other
two outbreaks was characterized by a single Salmonella serotype: Braenderup in
one multistate outbreak and Javiana in an outbreak in Canada. In the three outbreaks,
561 outbreak-related illnesses from 18 states (Figure 1) and one province in Canada
were identified. This report describes the subsequent investigations by public
health and food safety agencies. Although a single tomato-packing house in Florida
was common to all three outbreaks, other growers or packers also might have supplied
contaminated Roma tomatoes that resulted in some of the illnesses. Environmental
investigations are continuing. Because current knowledge of mechanisms of tomato
contamination and methods of eradication of Salmonella in fruit is inadequate
to ensure produce safety, further research should be a priority for the agricultural
industry, food safety agencies, and the public health community.
allergen labelling rules will have implications for seafood industry
of Article: http://www.fishupdate.com
08 April, 2005 -
NEW EU labelling
requirements for foods that can cause allergic reactions will have implications
on the way UK seafood processors label their products, the UK Sea Fish Industry
Authority (Seafish) reports.
As a result of new legislation, which will be
introduced on 25 November 2005, any product that contains one of the common allergens,
specified by the regulations, will need to include information on the label to
help consumers make safer choices.¡°The Food Labelling regulations are designed
to protect the health of consumers, ensuring they are appropriately informed about
the composition of foodstuffs. Peter Wilson, Seafish legislation manager, said:
"As this will have implications on the seafood processors, we have produced
a guidance document to help the industry address the new regulations.¡±Guidance
on Allergen Labelling for the Seafood Industry, provides a summary of the main
points contained in current and impending legislation, including the types of
ingredients that will require allergen labelling and details on how each ingredient
should be described and presented. The full document can be downloaded from ../land/legislation.asp
www.fishupdate.com is published by Special Publications. Special Publications
also publish European Fish Trader, Fishing Monthly, Fish Farming Today, Fish Farmer,
the Fish Industry Yearbook, the Scottish Fishermens¡¯ Federation Diary, the Scottish
Seafood Processors Federation Diary, the Fish Farmer Handbook and a range of wallplanners.
with peanut allergy at risk of allergic reaction to lupin flour
A report in this week's issue of The Lancet concludes that
adults and children with an allergy to peanuts could also be allergic to lupin
flour-a substance that is used in some European countries as a potential replacement
for soya flour. Food manufacturers in these countries are using it in certain
specialty breads, bakery goods and catering foods, and a small number of these
are finding their way into the UK. The authors suggest that people with a peanut
allergy should avoid all products containing lupin flour until they can be specifically
tested to see if they are susceptible.
The report details the case of a 25-year-old
woman who, in August 2004, had an allergic reaction after eating a restaurant
meal of chicken, French-fried potato, and onion rings. The woman knew she had
a severe allergy to peanuts after a reaction to a peanut sweet when she was 15.
However, peanut contamination of her food was considered unlikely. Lupin flour,
an ingredient of the onion ring batter, was eventually identified as the cause
of her attack.
The authors note that the prevalence of lupin allergy has increased
markedly in some countries, especially France, where in 1997 the addition of lupin
flour was first permitted to wheat flour. Although the food use of lupin has been
permitted in the UK since 1996, few lupin-containing foods are so far on sale;
the main source appears to be imported bakery and catering goods. A new directive
on food labelling came into force in Europe in November 2004, requiring food manufacturers
to specifically list 12 potential allergic ingredients. Lupin flour is not included
on this list despite recommendation from the UK based Institute of Food Science
Author Dr Michael Radcliffe (Royal Free Hospital, London,
UK) states: "Further work will be required to establish the prevalence and
significance of lupin allergy. Meanwhile those with peanut allergy, around 1%
of the UK population including 250,000 pre-school children, appear to be at particular
risk as up to half may be pre-sensitised. They should be advised to avoid all
products containing lupin until they can be specifically tested."
proposes changing safety standards for mad cow disease
of Article: http://asia.news.yahoo.com
_ The World Organization for Animal Health has proposed designating parts of cow
intestines, rather than their entirety, as posing a danger of transmitting mad
cow disease, Japanese government officials said Friday.
The Paris-based organization,
known as the OIE, has distributed the proposal to member countries in a bid to
have it adopted at its general meeting in May, the officials told a meeting of
experts on the disease held by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare and the
Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
its general assembly last May, the OIE adopted safety standards designating whole
cow intestines as posing a danger of transmitting the brain-wasting disease, formally
known as bovine spongiform encephalopathy.
where cow intestines are a delicacy and are used in certain dishes, opposed the
new designation at that time, claiming there was no scientific data suggesting
all intestines are a risk.
it is not yet known why the OIE is changing the designation after only one year,
the expected change is likely to allay concerns about the difficulty of procuring
Tons of Jacksonville-Bound Contamined Food Seized, Destroyed
Apr 7,10:00 AM ET Local - WJXT News4Jax.com
Source of Article: http://news.yahoo.com/
refrigerated food truck bound for Jacksonville was stopped Saturday for inspection,
and nearly 32,000 pounds of contaminated poultry and seafood were seized and destroyed.
The truck was coming from Doraville, Ga., when a routine inspection at the Office
of Agricultural Law Enforcement's Interdiction Station on U.S. Highway 129 in
Green Cove Springs, Fla., uncovered the rotting pork, beef, chicken, duck, mussels
and other food items. The food was to be delivered to Chinese restaurants. According
to the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, officers inspecting
the cargo detected a strong odor of thawing meat and noted that the truck's refrigeration
unit was inoperative. Among the contents found was a thawed and gutted duck carcass
that had fallen out of a plastic bag, boxes of frozen mussels that had warmed
to 34 degrees and cross-contamination of meat and non-meat products. A total of
2,511 containers with 16 tons of food were disposed of at the Hamilton County
diligence exercised by our officers and food safety inspectors have prevented
these unfit food items from entering the marketplace and possibly compromising
the safety of the public," said Agricultural and Consumer Services Commissioner
USDA Meat and Poultry Hotline
1-888-MPHotline or visit www.fsis.usda.gov
at risk for listeriosis and their family members or individuals preparing food
for them should:
until steaming hot the following types of ready-to-eat foods: hot dogs, luncheon
meats, cold cuts, fermented and dry sausage, and other deli-style meat and poultry
products. Thoroughly reheating food can help kill any bacteria that might be present.
If you cannot reheat these foods, do not eat them.
hands with hot, soapy water after handling these types of ready-to-eat foods.
(Wash for at least 20 seconds.) Also wash cutting boards, dishes, and utensils.
Thorough washing helps eliminate any bacteria that might get on your hands or
other surfaces from food before it is reheated.
not eat soft cheeses such as feta, Brie, Camembert, blue-veined or Mexican-style
cheese. You can eat hard cheeses, processed cheeses, cream cheese, cottage cheese,
not drink raw, unpasteurized milk or eat foods made from it, such as unpasteurized
all expiration dates for perishable items that are precooked or ready-to-eat.
device for unapproved GM seed
Source of Article: http://www.foodnavigator.com/
- Companies wanting to test their ingredients to see if they are contaminated
by the unapproved genetically modified seed corn ? that was recently announced
to have been let into the US food chain ? may be interested in Genetic ID¡¯s test
kit, writes Philippa Nuttall.
company Syngenta recently announced that it had accidentally sold unapproved genetically
modified seed corn in the US for four years, resulting in about 133 million kilograms
of the corn making its way into the food chain.
Officials for the company,
Syngenta, and the US Environmental Protection Agency insisted there is no danger
to human health.
food companies wanting to perform PCR testing for their products to confirm the
absence of the seed corn Bt10, may want to use Genetic ID's recently launched
accidental release of Bt10 is an unfortunate situation for many companies exporting
to markets already concerned about the presence of GMOs,¡± said Bill Thompson,
CEO of Genetic ID.
is recognized internationally as the most sensitive and accurate test for GM grains
and foods, according to the company. Other methods such as ELISA and lateral flow
¡°strip¡± tests detect the genetically modified protein expressed by the GM plant,
but protein expression can vary throughout the plant, making accurate GM detection
in contrast, is said to directly detect the GM DNA sequence, thus providing greater
the case of Bt10, protein tests cannot distinguish this GMO from Bt11, because
the same protein is produced in both Bt10 and Bt11. Thus PCR is the only method
capable of ascertaining the presence/absence of Bt10," said the company.
The firm offers
its test for Bt10 through its laboratories in the US, Germany, and Japan, as well
as through its Global Laboratory Alliance members in Brazil, Hong Kong, India,
Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, the UK and the US.
2001 and 2004, Syngenta accidentally sold an unapproved corn variety called Bt
10, mistaking it for the approved variety Bt 11. Both varieties produce a bacterial
toxin that kills insects, using the same inserted gene and producing the same
protein. The only difference is the location of the inserted gene, according to
company says it discovered the mistake for itself when it switched to a new quality
control system that tests for DNA directly. Previously it had tested only for
proteins, which meant the two varieties appeared identical.
all, about 15,000 hectares in four US states were planted with the unapproved
variety. This amounts to about 0.01 percent of the corn grown in the US over those
four years. On average, about 70 percent of corn in the US is fed to animals,
while the other 30 percent is consumed directly by people.
food safety and security
American Academy of Microbiology
new report, released by the American Academy of Microbiology, points out that
recent outbreaks of a number of foodborne illnesses have been linked to contamination
occurring in the preharvest stage of food processing. Recommendations are made
for creating an accessible international database of genetic sequences for known
foodborne pathogens along with new and improved tools for detecting and cataloging
pathogens on the farm.
Full report available in pdf format from here (Click
hiding BSE, says whistleblower
April 7, 2005
EDMONTON -- Dr. Lester Friedlander, a former
American-government packing plant veterinarian, was cited as saying Wednesday
that the United States is hiding cases of mad cow disease and that colleagues
with the United States Department of Agriculture have told him of cases that the
USDA has chosen not to announce.
The story says that Friedlander, who has
been invited to speak to Parliament's agriculture committee next week on proposed
changes to Canadian inspection legislation, refused to give details. He said the
USDA employees are close to retirement and risk losing their pensions.
has previously spoken out, however, about a Texas cow that had mad cow symptoms
and went untested to a rendering plant after a USDA veterinarian condemned it
at a packing plant in San Angelo.
Friedlander was quoted as saying in an interview
during a speaking visit to Edmonton that, "You've found four cases (including
a cow from Alberta discovered in Washington State with the disease) out of 12
million cattle and the United States has found none out of 120 million" adding
that production practices in the two countries are similar enough that the USDA
should be finding more BSE.
Friedlander was in charge of meat inspectors at
the largest U.S. culled-cow packing plant, in Pennsylvania, until 1995. He lost
his job for, in his words, "doing too good a job."
He has since
become a public speaker on food and animal safety issues. He was in Edmonton as
a guest of the Edmonton Friends of the North Environmental Society.
was further cited as saying USDA's record looks worse than the Canadian Food Inspection
Agency's but Canada needs a new "consumer" agency to oversee packing
plant inspections, and that the USDA and CFIA both suffer from having too much
influence from politicians eager to please the food industry.
consumer agency would be a government body but would have more safeguards against
Marc Richard, speaking from Ottawa for the CFIA, was
cited as saying the agency enforces rules set by Parliament and does its job well
and that it reports to Agriculture Minister Andy Mitchell, and a replacement government
agency would have to do the same.
Friedlander also warned against intensive
livestock operations such as cattle feedlots and large hog operations. He said
they're ideal breeding grounds for bacteria and disease, and authorities have
tended to react slowly when there's an outbreak.
John Feddes, an agricultural
engineer at the University of Alberta, was cited as saying the province's confined
feeding operations are generally run well, under stringent rules, adding, "Just
because they're large doesn't mean they're going to be out of control."
Gerald Ollis, Alberta Agriculture's chief veterinarian, was cited as saying confined
feeding operations tend to have well-educated people in charge and are big enough
that they can have vets visit more often than at smaller farms.
Clark Calls for Legislation to Protect Visitors at Petting Zoos
of Article: http://www.prweb.com/
Marler Clark, the Seattle law firm representing several victims of the recent
Florida E. coli outbreak, is calling on legislators nation-wide to put into law
requirements for the protection of petting zoo visitors. Proposed requirements
include increasing signage and warnings about health risks associated with human-animal
contact, providing adequate handwashing facilities at strategic locations throughout
petting zoos, and designing petting zoos with the intent of reducing the risks
of human contact with animal feces.
WA (PRWEB) April 8, 2005 -- Marler Clark, the Seattle law firm representing several
victims of the recent Florida E. coli outbreak, is calling on legislators nation-wide
to put into law requirements for the protection of petting zoo visitors.
requirements include increasing signage and warnings about health risks associated
with human-animal contact, providing adequate handwashing facilities at strategic
locations throughout petting zoos, and designing petting zoos with the intent
of reducing the risks of human contact with animal feces. An outline of proposed
requirements is available at the Marler Clark-sponsored Web site www.fair-safety.com.
realize the measures we are proposing might seem extreme,¡± said William Marler,
managing partner of Marler Clark. ¡°But we¡¯re looking at this from the standpoint
of having represented dozens of children who visited petting zoos and ended up
with kidney failure and life-long medical conditions.¡±
not to warn of killer bacteria based on wrong information (NZ)
Source of Article: http://www.stuff.co.nz/
who failed to warn hospital neonatal units about killer bacteria in infant milk
formula based their decision on incorrect information. They decided not to pass
on to New Zealand hospitals a warning issued by the United States Food and Drug
Administration (FDA) in 2002 - partly because they wrongly believed that no New
Zealand infant had contracted meningitis from the bacteria enterobacter sakazakii.
In April 2002, the FDA had said powdered milk formulas could kill babies,
particularly if made up and left out of a fridge before use.
The next month,
the Health Ministry told a National Women's Hospital dietician there had been
no problems in New Zealand with powdered formulas such as one contaminated with
E.sakazakii that killed a US baby in 2001.
"In New Zealand there had
been no reported cases of meningitis from E.sakazakii, the risks of infection
were regarded as very small, and the product implicated in the death in the US
was not available here, so the US alerts were not passed on," the Ministry
of Health said in a statement last night.
Two years after that decision, in
July 2004, the bacteria killed a premature baby in Waikato Hospital.
daughter of apprentice jockey Jamie Baillie and Tahnaha Jones, died at the hospital's
neo-natal unit 16 days after being fed a powdered baby formula containing E.sakazakii
bacteria that caused meningitis. more
of Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreaks, United States, 1982-2002
Emerging Infectious Diseases Volume 11, Number 4
Josefa M. Rangel,*¢Ó
Phyllis H. Sparling,* Collen Crowe,* Patricia M. Griffin,* and David L. Swerdlow*
for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; and ¢ÓCincinnati Children's
Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
O157:H7 causes 73,000 illnesses in the United States annually. We reviewed E.
coli O157 outbreaks reported to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
to better understand the epidemiology of E. coli O157. E. coli O157 outbreaks
(?2 cases of E. coli O157 infection with a common epidemiologic exposure) reported
to CDC from 1982 to 2002 were reviewed. In that period, 49 states reported 350
outbreaks, representing 8,598 cases, 1,493 (17%) hospitalizations, 354 (4%) hemolytic
uremic syndrome cases, and 40 (0.5%) deaths. Transmission route for 183 (52%)
was foodborne, 74 (21%) unknown, 50 (14%) person-to-person, 31 (9%) waterborne,
11 (3%) animal contact, and 1 (0.3%) laboratory-related. The food vehicle for
75 (41%) foodborne outbreaks was ground beef, and for 38 (21%) outbreaks, produce.
Firm Recalls Sausage Products for Possible Listeria Contamination
Release CLASS I RECALL
FSIS-RC-016-2005 HEALTH RISK: HIGH
and Public Affairs
(202) 720-9113; FAX: (202) 690-0460
April 5, 2005 - Winter Sausage Manufacturing, an East Point, Mich., firm, is voluntarily
recalling approximately 5,117 pounds of sausage that may be contaminated with
Listeria monocytogenes, the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection
Service (FSIS) announced today. All of the products subject to recall bear the
establishment number "EST. 10158" inside the USDA mark of inspection.
products subject to recall are various sized and weight packages of: "Blue
Ribbon, NATURAL CASING FRANKS." Each package bears the sell by date "5-29-05."
"WINTER'S PREMIUM DELI, Natural Casing Wieners." Each package bears
the sell by date "5-29-05."
"OLD TYME DELI, SIGNATURE, Natural
Casing, HOT DOGS, LIPARI." Each package bears the sell by date "5-29-05."
"The Butcher Shop, At Nino Salvaggio International Market Place, Natural
Casing, Hot Dogs." Each package bears the sell by date "5-29-05."
"WINTER'S PREMIUM DELI, Fully Cooked Smoked Kielbasa." Each package
bears the sell by date "5-29-05."
"WINTER'S PREMIUM DELI, Fully
Cooked Smoked Italian Sausage." Each package bears the sell by date "5-29-05."
The aforementioned products were packaged on March 30, 2005, and distributed
to retail stores in Michigan.
"WINTER SAUSAGE, Beef Hot Dogs, Skinless."
Each package bears the date code "089." These products were packaged
on March 30, 2005, and distributed to retail stores and institutional customers
and REPLACING New Germicidal Product from Knock-Out Technologies, Subsidiary of
eFoodSafety.com, Passes Efficacy Test for Eradicating Bird Flu Virus
of Article: http://biz.yahoo.com/
SPRINGS, Calif.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--April 4, 2005--In BW5315 issued April 4, 2005:
Add after last graph of release:
Safe Harbor Forward-Looking Statements
contained in this release that are not strictly historical are "forward-looking"
statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 as
amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. The
forward-looking statements are made based on information available as of the date
hereof, and the company assumes no obligation to update such forward-looking statements.
Editors and investors are cautioned that such forward-looking statements invoke
risk and uncertainties and the company's actual results may differ from these
forward-looking statements. Such risks and uncertainties include but are not limited
to demand for the company's products and services, our ability to continue to
develop markets, general economic conditions, our ability to secure additional
financing for the company and other factors that may be more fully described in
reports to shareholders and periodic filings with the Securities and Exchange
unveils third generation filtration technology
of Article: http://www.dairyreporter.com/
- New technology that allows for simpler, more efficient and more economical separations
for dairy, food and beverage applications has been developed.
Isoflux membrane, a patented manufacturing technique developed by Tami Industries,
represents the third generation in membrane design and is, according to GEA, a
viable alternative to the fouling and inefficiencies caused by gel layer formation.
GEa Filtration, which is marketing the product, claims that cross-flow microfiltration
separations that are sensitive to variations in trans-membrane pressure (TMP)
are more efficient, more economical, and much easier to control than technologies
used to date.
conventional microfiltration, as the product flows down the tubular element, there
is a natural hydrodynamic pressure drop from the inlet to the outlet of the flow
uneven permeate flux distribution along the length of the flow channel can be
very significant due to the resulting concentration polarisation effect particularly
at the higher pressure inlet, and decreasing toward the outlet end. This fouling
interferes with the product transmission through the membrane, decreasing the
quality of the separation, shortening running time, and increasing costs. more