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Internet Journal of Food Saety

4/26
2005
ISSUE:162

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Sponsorship Q/A

 

Online-Slides
Effective Sanitation and Verification

Cleaning and Sanitation of Processing Equipment

Listeria Training Program for All Employees
source from cornell.edu/

Shiga Toxin-producing E. coli (STEC), O157 and Non-O157
source from wisc.edu

Powerful Search Engine
Pubmed

Journal of Food Protection
April. Issue

JOB Openings
Job Openings

Internet Journal of Food Safety
New Article
Vol 6. 1-4.
A Preliminary Study of Kashar Cheese and Its Organoleptic Qualities Matured in Bee Wax

Vol 5. 24-34.
Effect of Coating and Wrapping materials on the shelf life of apple (Malus domestica cv.Borkh)

Vol 5. 21-23.
Prevalence of bacteria in the muscle of shrimp in processing plant

To submit your research note or articles for Internet Journal of Food Safety, click here

Food Processors who need specific tranings

Many food processors need
supplemental food safety training.
Also, there are many food safety
educators. FoodHACCP is trying to
facilitate networking between these
two groups.
View the info.

USDA/FDA Current News
Click here

 

Salmonellosis outbreak - kebab shop, London
More than 160 customers who ate at a London kebab shop were affected by salmonellosis food poisoning. Many people were admitted to hospital for treatment. The Salmonella strain causing the outbreak is not known.

Alaska Food Diagnostics Press Release
www.alaskafooddiagnostics.com
¡°The recent outbreak of Salmonella in February - the largest reported in years ? yet again highlights the urgent need for stricter food safety controls in this country to protect the public against such mass infection from untested food products,¡± claims Malcolm Walpole, chief executive of international food safety testing specialist, Alaska Food Diagnostics.
One hundred and ninety five people contracted Salmonella Enteriditis PT1 from a kebab shop in north east London in February. The local health unit was first alerted on February 12 th, but cases were still being confirmed more than a month later.
¡°Speed is critical in the detection of life-threatening bacteria,¡± explained Malcolm Walpole. ¡°Some reports claim it took as long as two weeks before the public health laboratories identified the causative bacterium. These timescales are dangerously slow. The food outlet remained open during this time, with the inevitable result that more people became infected.¡±

¡°In 2000, 500 people died in the UK as a result of food poisoning and more than 1.3 million people suffered symptoms at an estimated cost to the health service and food industry of over ¡Ì1.5 billion. And these costs will only continue to escalate as more and more people seek compensation.
¡°The majority of food poisoning cases are preventable. Compulsory food safety tests that provide speedy and accurate results would ensure that any contaminated products are removed well before they reach the consumer. New EU regulations and procedures based on the principles of Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) go some way to improve food safety standards, but the entry of additional European member states and the increasing internationalisation of food production will need careful policing to ensure compliance and better protection for public health.¡±


Job Openings
Manager of Quality - Northwood, OH

Quality Assurance Supervisor - WI-Northern

Director of Quality Certification - Mt. Pleasant, SC

Food Safety Manager - Wichita, KS
other job openings

5,000 face shots after hepatitis outbreak
April 20, 2005
Associated Press
KNOXVILLE, Tenn. -- Unable to find the source of a hepatitis A outbreak in eastern Tennessee, health officials were cited as offering to inoculate as many as 5,000 people who ate at a restaurant where an infected food server worked.
The story explains that health officials offered free shots Tuesday to anyone potentially exposed at the Waffle House in Clinton from April 5 to April 15, when the restaurant estimates it served as many as 5,000 people.

Powerful U.S. farm groups take action to re-open trade with Canada
April 22, 2005
From a press release
CALGARY - The American Farm Bureau (AFB), one of the strongest voices in U.S. agriculture, has joined the National Cattlemen's Beef Association (NCBA) and other concerned groups in legal action to re-open the U.S. border to Canadian cattle. The AFB, NCBA, 18 state farm bureaus, 29 state cattle organizations, National Pork Producers Council and individual U.S. cattle producers filed an amicus curiae "friend of the court" brief in the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals in support of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) rule to re-open the border to live Canadian cattle and an expanded list of beef products.
"Having these influential voices in U.S. agriculture file this brief sends a powerful message to the Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches of the U.S. government that the U.S. has nothing to fear and much to gain from re-opening trade with Canada," says Stan Eby, President of the Canadian Cattlemen's Association (CCA). "The CCA met regularly with these groups to ensure they understood the facts and based their decisions on science, not fear-mongering."
The AFB stated in a news release, "The Agriculture Department fully investigated all aspects of Canada's science-based system to control and prevent bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) before it issued a rule that would have re-opened the U.S. border to Canadian cattle, and a District Court judge from Montana erred when he blocked USDA from implementing the rule..."
The news release goes on to state, "Instead of affording the agency (USDA) the deference it was due, the court rejected the agency's explanation for its decision, disregarded the scientific evidence and expert opinion on which that decision was based and repeatedly substituted its judgment for that of the agency. The District Court's order granting the preliminary injunction (to block the USDA rule) should be vacated."
CCA is the National Voice for the Beef Cattle Industry, representing over 90,000 Cattle Producers

U.S. Food and Drug Administration Launches Campaign to Inform Hispanic Community about Risks of Listeriosis from ¡®Queso Fresco¡¯


POSTHARVEST TECHNOLOGY COURSE OFFERED

Source of Article: Northwest Food Processors Food Safety News
April 15, 2005
Learn more about the major role technology plays in getting fresh fruits, nuts and vegetables from harvest to
market at UC Davis Extenion¡¯s 27th Annual Postharvest Technology Short Course scheduled for June 20
thru July 1, 2005, in Davis, CA.
Participants can enroll for either the lecture-only week or the complete two-week course which includes fi eld
trips. For more information call 800/752-0881 or visit www. extension.ucdavis.edu/agriculture.
Source: UC Davis fl yer 4/05


Lupin flour anaphylaxis
April 15, 2005
Lancet Volume 365, Issue 9467, Page 1360
Michael Radcliffe, Glenis Scadding, Harry Morrow Brown.
Abstract
IgE-mediated food allergy is an important cause of dangerous anaphylaxis. Peanuts, tree nuts such as Brazil nuts, cashew nuts, or hazelnuts, and seafood, are the commonest causes in adults. The first report of lupin allergy was in 1994 and involved a 5-year-old girl with a known peanut allergy who developed urticaria and angioedema after eating spaghetti fortified with lupin flour.1 Lupin flour allergy has been mainly reported in European patients known to be allergic to other legumes, particularly peanut, soya or pea.2-5 The first report of lupin anaphylaxis was in 1999.3 The prevalence of lupin allergy has increased markedly in some countries, especially in France, where the addition of lupin flour to wheat flour was first permitted in 1997.2 In 2002, lupin was the fourth most frequent cause of severe food-associated anaphylaxis reported to the French Allergy Vigilance Network. Three cases of anaphylaxis due to lupin have been reported from Australia, where over 800000 tonnes is grown annually. Although mainly in use as an animal feed, since 2001 it has been increasingly supplied to food manufacturers as a substitute for the more expensive traditional cereal grains. The Australian Department of Agriculture is proposing lupin as the next major competitor to soya beans. The use of lupin for human food has been permitted in the UK since 1996. A new directive on food labelling came into force in Europe in November 2004 (2003/89/EC) requiring food manufacturers to specifically list 12 potentially allergic ingredients (gluten, fish, crustaceans, eggs, peanuts, soy, milk and dairy products, nuts, celery, mustard, sesame seed, and sulphites), and their allergenic derivatives. Lupin flour is not included in this listing in spite of a recommendation from the UK-based Institute of Food Science & Technology.

FINGER FRAUD
Source of Article: http://www.meatnews.com/

Anna Ayala, the woman who claimed she found part of a fingertip in a bowl of chili last month at a Wendy¡¯s restaurant in San Jose, California, admitted that the find was a hoax. She was arrested last week at her home in Las Vegas, Nevada, and charged with attempted grand theft, according to a police report.Ayala reported finding the finger on March 22. Initially, she allegedly said she was going to file a lawsuit against Wendy¡¯s but later changed her mind. None of Wendy¡¯s employees at the San Jose restaurant or any of the restaurant¡¯s suppliers reported any hand injuries. A tip-line offering a $100,000 reward for information about the source of the finger failed to produce any witnesses.Suspicion fell on Ayala, who has a history of filing lawsuits. According to a news report, she filed claims against several corporations, including a former employer and General Motors, though it is unclear from court records whether she received any money. She said she got $30,000 from El Pollo Loco after her 13-year-old daughter got sick at one of the chain's Las Vegas-area restaurants. El Pollo Loco officials say she did not receive any money.Sales have dropped at Wendy¡¯s restaurants in northern California since the finger was found. Ayala was also charged with grand theft in connection with an unrelated incident uncovered during the course of the Wendy's investigation. She is accused of bilking a woman out of $11,000 in a real estate transaction.One question that remains: Where did the finger come from? Police said they are still trying to determine the answer, and investigators have concluded that Wendy's was not to blame. Police said the attempted grand theft charge relates to the money that Wendy's lost when business dropped after the incident.

Guidance for Industry
A Dietary Supplement Labeling Guide

Food Security Workshops (USDA)

Statement Regarding CDC Foodborne Illness Data by Dr. Merle Pierson, USDA Acting Under Secretary For Food Safety

Biophage Announces New Development Breakthrough in its Biosensors Technology
Source of Article: http://biz.yahoo.com
Biosensor unit can now detect anaerobic bacteria
MONTREAL, April 19 /CNW Telbec/ - Biophage Pharma Inc. (TSX.V: BUG) today announced a new development in its Biosensors technology. The Biosensor unit is now able to detect the three most important bacterial pathogens in drinking water : E. coli 0157:H7, Campylobacter and Salmonella. This is the first time that the Biosensor is proven to be efficient in the detection of anaerobic bacteria (i.e., bacteria that are capable of growing in the absence of oxygen).
"We are extremely pleased by this new capability within our strategic product focus. The most recent developments provide further proof of the versatility of our Biosensor and its ability to detect the three major waterborne bacterial pathogens that are most frequently associated with drinking water. Our product will find wide-ranging applications for bacterial monitoring in source and finished waters in both developed and developing countries", stated Dr Rosemonde Mandeville, President and CEO of Biophage Pharma Inc. "The ability to detect anaerobic bacteria is a novel feature that puts us one step closer to having a commercially viable product that redefines our ability to assess health risks associated with drinking water from indicator-based risk (Coliforms, etc.) to pathogen-specific monitoring", continued Dr Mandeville.

The Company had previously announced the Biosensor's ability to detect 5-10 bacteria in a 1 ml sample without any pre-enrichment and to simultaneously screen up to 60 samples for different types of bacteria. The unique feature of this product is its ability to detect not only the presence, but also the viability of these pathogens. This latest advance will open the application of this Biosensor to monitoring the presence of waterborne pathogens in drinking water.

About Biophage Pharma Inc.
Biophage Pharma Inc. is a Canadian biopharmaceutical company developing new therapeutic and diagnostic products using phage-based technology. Founded in 1995, Biophage is located at the Biotechnology Research Institute in Montreal and employs 15 people, including a team of 13 researchers. Through an active research and development program, as well as in-licensing and collaboration agreements, Biophage is building a portfolio of promising new therapeutics and nanosensors technologies. The company is focused on rapid detection and elimination of biological contaminants including those used in biowarfare. Additional information about our bacteriophage and nanosensors technology can be found at our website
( www.biophage.com ).

For further information
Rosemonde Mandeville, M.B., ChB., PhD., President and Chief Executive Officer, Biophage Pharma Inc., (514) 496-9502, Rosemonde.mandeville@biophagepharma.com
Stuart Fine, Investor Relations, Carpe DM, Inc., (908) 490-0075, Stuart@carpediminc.com
Martin Lefebvre, Investor Relations, Renmark Financial Communications Inc., (514) 939-3989, mlefebvre@renmarkfinancial.com

Warnex sells rapid bacteria detection technology to new U.S. turkey plant
Mon Apr 25,10:27 AM ET Technology - Canadian Press
Source of Article: http://news.yahoo.com/
LAVAL, Que. (CP) - Warnex Inc. said Monday it has sold its Rapid Pathogen Detection System to Dakota Turkey Growers LLC for use at a new turkey processing plant in Huron, S.D.
Financial terms of the transaction were not disclosed.
Dakota Turkey Growers will use the Warnex system to test for salmonella and listeria bacteria.
The Quebec company (TSX:WNX - news) says its DNA-based technology detects multiple pathogens within 12 to 48 hours, compared with the five to seven days required by older microbiology tests.
Dakota Turkey Growers, a newly formed company, broke ground in September on its $45-million plant, which is expected to open by year-end with 400 workers and a capacity of eight million turkeys a year.

Oxoid promises quick and cost-effective food analysis

Source of Article: http://www.foodproductiondaily.com/
15/04/2005 - Culture media supplier Oxoid has expanded the use of innovative chromogenic substrates within its chromogenic media range to provide quick and cost-effective food analysis.

These, claims the firm, have the potential to reduce or even eliminate the need for further confirmatory testing.
Chromogenic technology detects specific enzyme activity in target organisms quickly and accurately. These enzymes cleave a colourless substrate in the medium, releasing colour molecules within the colonies of interest and allowing them to be clearly seen, differentiated and counted.

Food safety can increasingly make or break the fortunes of a company. In industrialised countries, the percentage of people suffering from foodborne diseases each year has been reported to be up to 30 per cent. And in the US, for example, around 76 million cases of foodborne diseases, resulting in 325,000 hospitalisations and 5,000 deaths, are estimated to occur each year.

The food industry therefore increasingly needs cost-effective analytical methods that are safe, accurate and minimise waste to develop methods to screen, detect, and confirm multiple chemical residues and harmful bacteria, including their toxins, in foodstuffs.

The extensive selection of Oxoid Chromogenic Media available to the food industry includes Oxoid Chromogenic Bacillus cereus Agar for the selective isolation and differentiation of Bacillus cereus.

In addition, there is Oxoid Chromogenic E. coli/coliform Agar and Oxoid Selective E. coli/coliform Agar for the detection and differentiation of E. coli from other coliforms. Oxoid Chromogenic Enterobacter sakazakii Agar can be used for the enumeration of Enterobacter sakazakii in infant milk and other foods and differentiation from other Enterobacteriaceae.

Oxoid Chromogenic Salmonella Medium can be used for the identification of Salmonella species and selective differentiation from other Enterobacteriaceae, while Oxoid Chromogenic Listeria Agar can improve the isolation, enumeration and presumptive identification of Listeria species and differentiation of pathogenic Listeria monocytogenes and Listeria ivanovii from other Listeria species.

It was announced earlier this year Oxoid will be acquired by Fisher Scientific International. Oxoid was first acquired by PPM Ventures in 2000 following a secondary buyout from Cinven, but definitive agreements were reached in February for US-based Fisher Scientific International to acquire the UK diagnostic firm for ¡Ì177.5 million (¢æ262.5m).

Fisher Scientific is a $3.6 billion manufacturer and distributor of products to the scientific research, clinical laboratory and safety markets which is listed on the New York Stock Exchange. The company¡¯s 10,000 employees located in approximately 145 countries.

Bacon, Sausage, Hot Dogs and Processed Meats Hike Cancer Risk by 6700% Due to Chemical Preservative, Says Nutritionist
Author of new book warning consumers about dangerous food ingredients names sodium nitrite as culprit behind heightened pancreatic cancer risk
Source of Article: http://www.prweb.com/
Tucson, AZ (PRWEB) April 22, 2005 -- A chemical added to processed meat products is responsible for a 6700% increased risk in pancreatic cancer, says author and nutritionist Mike Adams.The conclusion is based in part on research conducted at the University of Hawaii that reveals a 67-fold increased risk of pancreatic cancer in people who consume large quantities of hot dogs, sausage and other processed meats, versus those who consume little or no processed meat. The study was led by Dr. Ute Nothlings and was announced at the annual gathering of the American Association for Cancer Research.
While the study did not specifically name sodium nitrite as the cause of the heightened cancer risk, the huge spike in toxicity and cancer risk can only be explained by something added during meat processing, explains Mike Adams, author of "Grocery Warning," a manual that teaches consumers how to avoid foods that promote chronic disease. "We've known for years that sodium nitrite consumption leads to leukemia in children and brain tumors in infants," explained Adams. "Now we have a large-scale study of nearly 200,000 people that provides solid evidence of the link between processed meats and pancreatic cancer." The ingredient also promotes colorectal cancer as it passes through the digestive tract.If sodium nitrite is so dangerous, why do food producers continue using it? The chemical is added primarily as a color fixer that turns meats a reddish, fresh-looking color that appeals to consumers. Packaged meats like hot dogs would normally appear a putrid gray, but with enough sodium nitrite added, the meats can seem visually fresh even if they've been on the shelves for months."Food producers use sodium nitrite for marketing reasons," says Adams. "It makes their food products look visually appealing, even while that very same ingredient promotes cancer when consumed." The USDA once tried to ban sodium nitrite, but was unsuccessful due to political influence and lobbying efforts of meat processing companies.Sodium nitrite is only one of several dangerous, disease-causing ingredients found in everyday foods and groceries, says Adams. In Grocery Warning, Adams teaches readers how to avoid dangerous foods and ingredients that promote diabetes, heart disease, Alzheimer's, depression, behavioral disorders, cancer and many other common diseases. "Today's food supply is toxic," says Adams. "And if we don't stop poisoning our population through everyday groceries, disease rates will continue to skyrocket."Grocery Warning is a downloadable manual written for everyday consumers who want to make healthier choices for themselves and their families. For more information, visit:
http://www.TruthPublishing.com/