Sanitation and Verification
and Sanitation of Processing Equipment
Training Program for All Employees
source from cornell.edu/
Toxin-producing E. coli (STEC), O157 and Non-O157
source from wisc.edu
of Food Protection
Journal of Food Safety
A Preliminary Study of Kashar Cheese and Its Organoleptic Qualities
Matured in Bee Wax
Effect of Coating and Wrapping materials on the shelf life of
apple (Malus domestica cv.Borkh)
Prevalence of bacteria in the muscle of shrimp in processing
submit your research note or articles for Internet Journal of Food Safety, click
Processors who need specific tranings
food processors need
supplemental food safety training.
Also, there are
many food safety
educators. FoodHACCP is trying to
unhappy with flavor of new regulations
May 1, 2005
Tim Bradner, Alaska Journal of Commerce, Anchorage
and food service operators are, according to this story, in slow boil over proposed
new state food inspection regulations, and are letting state legislators know
Dale Fox, executive director of Cabaret Hotel Restaurant and Retailers
Association (CHAR), was quoted as saying, "Most Alaska businesses don't like
being the guinea pig for a new kind of program," adding that what's being
proposed is a radical departure from the way food inspections are done now. It
will wind up costing more money and create safety concerns for food service workers.
The story says that the centerpiece of the new program are voluntary self-inspections
by food service operators with reports filed with the Alaska Department of Environmental
Conservation. Training requirements for food service managers and food handlers
would also be beefed up significantly.
The DEC's Division of Environmental
Health would be given authority to levy fines for violations of the code.
commissioner Kurt Fredriksson was cited as telling legislators April 20 that his
staff is still reviewing comments on regulations for the new program and that
final decisions have not been made. At the April 20 hearing, Fox was cited as
raising fundamental questions on whether the self-inspection approach will work,
adding, "If you're a good operator you're following the rules already. If
you're a bad operator, just filling out paperwork isn't going to change anything.
This just doesn't pass the blush test," as being workable.
adds that the training requirements, while well-intended, will create a burden
on the restaurant industry, which employs around 2,000 people statewide at any
given time and turns over as many as 3,000 employees through the course of a year.
The requirement to have a trained and certified food service manager on the
premises at all times is a big burden for small restaurants who have limited management
Karen Lynch, food and beverage director of the Cape Fox Lodge in Ketchikan,
was cited as saying that the requirement for all food handlers to wear gloves
creates an illusion of safety for the public, adding that, "Gloves can become
contaminated just as easily as hands."
to Pay $800K for Hepatitis Shots
to Pay $800K for Nearly 9,500 Who Got Hepatitis Shots After Outbreak Linked to
MANDAK Associated Press Writer
The Associated Press
of Article: http://abcnews.go.com/
Apr 29, 2005 ? Bankrupt Chi-Chi's Inc. and its subsidiaries have tentatively agreed
to pay $800,000 to compensate nearly 9,500 people who got inoculated because of
a hepatitis outbreak linked to a western Pennsylvania restaurant. The
Associated Press obtained a copy of the class action settlement agreement, which
must still be filed in federal bankruptcy court in Delaware, from William Marler,
a Seattle attorney who represents the plaintiffs' class. The
victims will split $800,000, but how much each gets will be determined by how
many of them eventually file claims with the court, Marler said. His firm will
get a fee of $150,000 on top of that amount, though Marler said $100,000 of that
money would be donated to charity after his firm pays $50,000 in expenses spelled
out in the deal."With
class actions what's bothered me in the past is that everybody (the plaintiffs)
gets a coupon and the lawyers get a million dollars," Marler said. An
attorney for Chi-Chi's declined comment on the deal, and referred questions to
a Chi-Chi's spokesman who didn't immediately return calls. Four
people died and more than 650 people were sickened by tainted green onions served
at the restaurant at Beaver Valley Mall in western Pennsylvania. According
to the document, 9,489 people got immune globulin shots from the Pennsylvania
Department of Health after the outbreak was publicized in early November 2003.
Health officials urged shots for family members of those sickened, as well as
those who ate in the restaurant in the weeks leading up to the outbreak. Marler's
firm has crafted similar settlements in other large foodborne outbreaks. Typically,
about 30 percent of those who got shots will file claims, Marler said. If that
happens in this case, about 2,850 claims will be filed and each will be worth
about $281. Under the
deal, Marler's firm will pay about $40,000 to publicize the settlement in various
media. The firm also will pay the Health Department about $10,000 to notify all
those who got a shot. The letters will advise them of a deadline that has yet
to be determined.
on FAO¡¯s strategy for a safe and nutritious food supply
Safety and Quality Update: No. 28
The complete document can be downloaded from:
here to download
At its 19 th session (April 2005), FAO¡¯s Committee on
Agriculture (COAG) considered a document prepared by the FAO Secretariat on the
above subject. The Committee supported FAO¡¯s proposed strategy which stresses
the need for addressing food safety issues along the food chain. It recommended
that countries utilize a stepwise and sequential method in implementation of the
food chain approach and that special attention should be paid to the needs of
smallscale farmers in developing countries to assist them in integrating into
international food markets.
First Dutch "mad
cow" disease patient dies
May 3 (Reuters) - A 26-year old woman who had recently been diagnosed with the
human variant of "mad cow" disease died on Tuesday, the first Dutch
victim of the brain wasting illness, her hospital said.The
Mesos hospital in the central Dutch city of Utrecht declined to give further details
at the request of the woman's family.The
hospital had made a diagnosis of probable variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD),
the human form of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), on April 15. Specialists
at the Erasmus Medical Centre in Rotterdam confirmed the diagnosis on April 18.Around
150 cases of vCJD have been reported around the world, mostly in Britain, but
also in France, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Canada and the United States.The
disease is fatal and incurable. It is thought to be caused by eating food tainted
with material from cattle with BSE, a progressive neurological disorder.The
Dutch health ministry has said the woman had not travelled to England nor received
a blood transfusion, so that her illness was probably caused by past consumption
of tainted meat.There
have been some 77 BSE cases in animals in the Netherlands since 1997 with a peak
in 2002, but the government says Dutch beef is safe because all cattle are tested
for BSE, and brain and spinal material is kept apart and destroyed.The
Netherlands is one of the world's biggest exporters of meat and dairy products
and its livestock sector has undergone major intensification in the past few years,
with most animals raised on specialised farms.The
country has suffered a series of animal disease crises in the past decade, including
swine fever, foot-and-mouth and bird flu, leading to the culling of millions of
announced strict new restrictions last year on blood donation over concerns about
the transmission of vCJD.
cow disease first emerged in Britain in the 1980s and forced the destruction of
millions of cattle.
In Oregon Stricken With Salmonella
of Article: http://www.koin.com/
Portland, Ore -- Five Oregon cases of Salmonella
have been identified by public health officials, with the source of the outbreak
being traced to baby chicks from a Washington hatchery.
Residents in the states
of Washington and Idaho have also been affected.Some people who were infected
reported that they did not handle chicks directly, but had worked or passed through
rooms where chicks were kept. Environments can be easily contaminated from bacteria
in animal wastes, according to Emilio DeBess, a public health veterinarian for
the State of Oregon. The first cases of Salmonella Ohio-a rare serotype-were identified
on April 11, with the most recent cases was reported on April 26, DeBess said.
Public health officials warn that more cases could surface. Baby chicks, usually
sold by mail order or in feed stores, have been repeatedly identified as the source
of salmonellosis outbreaks. Thorough hand washing with soap and warm water is
the most important way to prevent Salmonella or other infections, DeBess said.
He also recommends that children be supervised so they do not nuzzle or kiss chicks
or other fowl. Salmonellosis is a bacterial infection that can cause severe diarrhea,
fever, stomach cramps and chills. People are most often infected by eating food
or drinking water contaminated with Salmonella
or by contact with infected people or animals. Animals often infected with Salmonella
include turtles, iguanas, other reptiles, cattle, chicks, ducklings and other
birds. Oregon, Washington,
and Idaho public health officials have worked collaboratively to share information
on this outbreak.
Arkansans sick after eating at Benton restaurant
( Air Date: 5/2/2005
Source of Article:
Arkansas Department of Health has announced an outbreak of Salmonellosis in Benton.
To date, nine people have confirmed illnesses. There is a link to Cafe Santa Fe
at 178324 Highway I-30, Benton. The Health Department does not believe that any
other area restaurants are affected. The restaurant voluntarily closed its doors
and will reopen after approval from the Health Department to assure that no possible
sources of contamination exists. Salmonellosis is a bacterial infection that usually
affects the intestines
and occasionally the bloodstream. It is one of the
more common causes of
foodborne illness with several hundred cases occurring
in Arkansas each year. Most cases occur in the summer months and are seen as single
cases, clusters, or outbreaks. The bacteria are spread by eating or drinking contaminated
food or water or by contact with infected people or animals. People exposed to
the Salmonella bacteria may have diarrhea, cramping, fever, nausea, vomiting and
headache. Some people may have very mild or no symptoms, but some infections can
be quite serious, especially in the very young or elderly. The symptoms generally
appear 12 to 36 hours after exposure. Anyone who has eaten at the Cafe Santa Fe
restaurant within the last seven days and is experiencing symptoms such as these
should see a physician.
KANSAS CITY, Mo. -- U.S. Agriculture
Secretary Mike Johanns was cited as telling the International Symposium of Agroterrorism
attended by about 750 people from law enforcement, agriculture, food processing,
science, health, government and medicine, that the United States is much better
prepared to detect and respond to a strike on the nation's food supply than it
was before the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks and that agroterrorism is a very real
threat, adding, "We approach this problem from different perspectives. But
the one common understanding is that agroterrorism has the potential to harm our
food supply, our economics and, in some cases, our people."
further cited as saying that as an example of better partnerships being formed
to fight agroterrorism, his department and the FBI will soon sign an agreement
that will, among other things, provide training for the agencies' employees to
detect and respond to agroterrorism.
The former Nebraska governor also said
the USDA is committed to an animal identification system that would eventually
allow the government to track animals from birth to market.
Johanns also cited
an improved national network of laboratories to test, identify, assess and respond
to an attack on the food supply. He said the network also will improve efforts
to eradicate and respond to disease outbreaks.
May Have Found Key To Testing For Mad Cow Disease
May 4, 9:02 AM ET
Source of Article: http://news.yahoo.com/
neuroscientists have theorized that a malformed protein, not viruses or bacteria,
caused degenerative illnesses such as "mad cow disease" and Alzheimer's
disease. The problem, however, was studying the proteins. It took too long for
the sick proteins to damage the healthy proteins in a test-tube environment.Dr.
Claudio Soto, a professor of neurology at the University of Texas Medical Branch
at Galveston, hopes to change that. A technique his team developed would speed
the process by using bursts of ultrasonic waves to break up long protein strands.Soto
and his team said their discoveries have led to an early test of blood and food
to help doctors detect brain-destroying diseases before they can do much damage
-- the first step in developing effective treatments.Such diseases now are detectable
only decades after the first problems occur. By that time, it is too late for
the patient, Soto said.The team's thesis was published in April in the journal
Cell.Currently the only way to test cattle and people for such diseases is to
dissect the brain.Because it can take years for sick proteins, called prions,
to damage enough healthy proteins to be noticeable, producing a usable sample
would take decades."When people begin to develop symptoms of these diseases,
more than 50 percent of the brain is already lost," Soto said. "The
next step is using this technology to detect prions in the blood; that way we
can diagnose the disease before the damage occurs." By breaking a single
sample into many, researchers can multiply the growing samples hundreds of times
over. In creating the process, researchers laid the foundations of a method to
test blood and food supplies for diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and bovine
spongiform encephaly, commonly called "mad cow disease." Soto says there
is still much work to be done, however. "This is a very unique system by
which diseases can be transmitted," he said. "Our next step is to start
working with human and animal samples."
Technology Sets New Standard in Determining the Shelf-life of Milk
study shows Soleris system is over five times faster than the conventional test
method Kingsport, Tenn.
(April 20, 2005) Soleris technology (formerly Biosys, also marketed as MicroFoss¢â)
has been proven an effective indicator of the shelf-life of pasteurized fluid
milk, according to a study conducted by the Mississippi State University Department
of Food Science, Nutrition, and Health Promotion. When compared with the test
system currently used by most dairies, Soleris¡¯ sensitive technology was more
than five times faster, providing rapid, accurate test results within 38 hours,
as opposed to more than 8-9 days. This allows dairies to ensure the highest quality
through the shelf life of their product, increasing overall customer satisfaction.
for maximum freshness has driven the need for a more rapid method to accurately
test the shelf-life of milk. For over 30 years, microbiological estimates have
been used as the standard for measuring the shelf-life of milk. Shelf-life, defined
as the period between processing and the time milk becomes unacceptable to consumers
due to taste or odor, is adversely affected by microbial contamination. The results
of the Mississippi State University study show that Soleris technology is more
effective than the conventionally used Moseley Keeping-Quality test in indicating
the shelf-life of milk.
decades, dairies have been relying on conventional plating methods to estimate
the shelf-life of milk,¡± says Dr. C.H. White, Professor of Dairy Foods, Mississippi
State University. ¡°Soleris technology reduces the time it takes to determine the
shelf-life of milk, allowing dairies to ensure the highest level of quality possible.¡±
test takes inherently longer to predict the shelf-life of milk because it relies
on a long pre-incubation, followed by a conventional plating-based system. This
means that it can take 8-9 days to test a sample for microbial contamination.
Soleris technology, however, features an innovative combination of photo detection,
ready-to-use assays and advanced Windows-based software. Soleris technology rapidly
and accurately determines the shelf-life of milk within 38 hours.
rapid and accurate technology provides a more effective way for dairies to detect
and troubleshoot microbial contamination present in their manufacturing operations,¡±
says Dr. Ruth Eden, chief scientific officer, Centrus International. ¡°Rapid elimination
of microbial contaminants in the manufacturing process allows dairies to ensure
the production of pasteurized milk with longer shelf-life while maximizing customer
satisfaction and decreasing product returns.¡±
the Shelf-life of Milk
According to the American Dairy Science Association
(ADSA), the most accurate way to determine milk¡¯s actual shelf-life is by sensory
evaluation, a test for flavor quality. The results of a sensory evaluation can
be used to gauge the overall effectiveness of a microbial shelf-life test system,
such as the Soleris and Moseley tests.
State University experts first determined the actual shelf-life of each sample
using the ADSA-approved sensory evaluation. They then ran the Moseley and Soleris
tests, comparing the results with those of the sensory evaluation and then to
Located in Kingsport, Tenn., U.S.A., Centrus is a global
diagnostics business, providing innovative solutions that improve the lives of
its customers. Centrus customers include leading manufacturers in food processing,
meat, dairy, nutraceutical and other industrial diagnostics markets where timely,
accurate actionable information is essential to making important business decisions.
Centrus is a wholly owned subsidiary of Eastman Chemical Company (NYSE-EMN), and
its products and services are available directly and through its business partners
worldwide. For more information about Centrus and its products, visit www.centrusinternational.com.
information, please contact Richard Fountain, marketing and communications manager,
Centrus International, Inc., tel: 423-229-5986, email: rfountain@CentrusInternational.com.
TALLAHASSEE, Fla. -- At least 30 people have,
according to this story, gotten sick in Florida in recent weeks from cyclospora.
Hodges, a spokeswoman for the state Health Department, was quoted as saying Thursday,
"We are looking to identify any potential links that these cases have."
story adds that the Health Department issued an alert to physicians and health
care providers, telling them to consider cyclospora as a diagnosis.
Emerging Infectious Diseases:
Vol. 11, No. 5
Marc-Alain Widdowson,* Stephan S. Monroe,* and Roger I. Glass*
for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
The complete document
can be downloaded at
In 1972, noroviruses (previously called "Norwalk-like
viruses") were discovered as the first viruses definitively associated with
acute gastroenteritis. During the next 2 decades, researchers were unable to develop
simple methods to detect these common viruses or to find the etiologic agents
of nonbacterial gastroenteritis outbreaks and hospitalizations. Indeed, of >2,500
foodborne outbreaks reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
from 1993 to 1997, <1% were attributed to noroviruses, and 68% were of "unknown
etiology" (1). As a result, noroviruses were out of sight and mind and thus
relegated to a minor role as agents of gastroenteritis at a time when high-profile
outbreaks of Salmonella Enteritidis (2) and Escherichia coli (3) had focused attention
and budgets on preventing foodborne bacterial illnesses.
claims no safety concerns with Bt10 corn
of Article: http://www.ift.org/
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) have coordinated efforts to determine the safety of genetically engineered
Bt 10 corn in food and feed. Bt 10 is closely related to Bt 11, a genetically
engineered corn line which has undergone full U.S. regulatory clearance. FDA has
evaluated whether the inadvertent marketing of Bt 10 presents any food or feed
FDA does not believe that possible unintended changes in
the composition of corn pose food or feed safety risks or regulatory issues in
circumstances in which the corn makes up a small part of the total food or feed
supply. In this type of situation, the relevant information for food and feed
safety is the safety of the new protein(s) in the corn. Therefore, in circumstances
such as those surrounding the presence of Bt 10 in food and feed, the information
relevant to safety assessment is limited to the safety of the proteins evaluated
Based on EPA's finding that the genetically engineered proteins in
Bt 10 are safe, the extremely low levels of Bt 10 corn in the food and feed supply,
and the fact that corn does not contain any significant natural toxins or allergens,
FDA has concluded that the presence of Bt 10 corn in the food and feed supply
poses no safety concerns.
Thus, under these circumstances, there are no further
requirements under the U.S. regulatory process for Bt 10 to be legally present
in the United States food and feed supply. However, it is not legal for Bt 10
to be planted in the United States.
For more information on the respective
roles of USDA-APHIS, EPA, and FDA in the federal regulation of genetically engineered
plants, see the
United States Agencies Unified Biotechnology Website: http://usbiotechreg.nbii.gov/