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Services Manager - IL-Chicago
- MN-St Louis Park - Novartis Consumer Health
Supervisor - US-MN-St Louis Park - Novartis Consumer Health
Assurance Lab Manager - GA - Atlanta - The Coca-Cola Company
Assurance Lab Technician - CA-San Diego - Jack in the Box
Audit Specialist - Omaha, NE - ConAgra Foods, Inc.
Food Safety and Plant Reg. Spec. - Omaha, NE- ConAgra Foods, Inc.
man to be retested for human mad cow
of Article: http://www.washingtontimes.com/
DC, May. 13 (UPI) -- Brain samples from a California man have been sent to France
to be re-tested for evidence of human mad cow disease, United Press International
Hicks, 49, of Riverside, Calif., died late last year and U.S. authorities in January
ruled out variant Creutzfeldt Jakob disease, or vCJD, which humans can contract
from eating beef products contaminated with the mad cow pathogen.
Hicks' family and his neurologist, Dr. Ron Bailey of Riverside Medical Center
in Riverside, Calif., thought there still were unanswered questions about the
final diagnosis and arranged for brain samples to be sent to experts in France.
who initially suspected Hicks might be the first case of vCJD tied to the consumption
of U.S. beef, said the man had symptoms consistent with vCJD.
tissue will be examined by Dr. Jean Jacques Hauw at the Laboratoire De Neuropathologie
at the Groupe Hospitalier Pitie-Salpetriere in Paris.
77 sick after buffet brunch
of Article: http://www.canoe.ca/
May 16, 2005
BURLINGTON, Ont. -- Dozens
of people are battling a case of salmonella after apparently contracting the foodborne
illness at a Mother's Day brunch in this southern Ontario city, health officials
Halton Region Health Department said they know of 77 people who became ill after
eating a buffet brunch at the Royal Botanical Gardens.
people have been hospitalized.
have contacted at least 180 of the approximately 300 people who attended the buffet
but were also concerned about those who may have eaten at the restaurant before
and after May 8. "There
exists a risk of passing the infection to others if these individuals work, while
ill, in food preparation, food service, child care or health-care settings,"
said a health department news release.
perfringens type A Kills Two
in brief from eastern Pennsylvania
Source of Article:
Pa. - A rare form of food poisoning, from bacteria that normally cause only mild
diarrhea, apparently killed a Berks County father and son five years ago, medical
officials said when Richard W. DeLong Sr., 58, and Eric DeLong, 34, died in 2000
that they might never find what caused their severe intestinal damage and their
deaths. But Dr. Jeremy Sobel, an epidemiologist with the federal Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention, said researchers have new methods of identifying bacteria
J. De Benedictis, director of epidemiology and infection control at Reading Hospital,
and Phyllis H. Britz, a state Health Department epidemiologist, said the DeLongs
apparently ate something contaminated with clostridium perfringens type A bacteria.
normally causes cramping and diarrhea for a day. But for some reason, in the DeLongs,
it caused necrotizing enterocolitis - the death of intestinal tissue, the two
told family members Wednesday at the home of Richard DeLong's wife, Jo Ann DeLong,
in Tilden Township.
DeLong died May 8, 2000, at Reading Hospital. Eric DeLong died June 24, at Hershey
Medical Center, where he was transferred. He had five operations to remove portions
of his intestine.
Issues Two Biotechnology Reports
in Soil May Protect Lettuce from E. coli
14 May 2005
of Article: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/
from Norway believe that naturally occurring organisms present in soil may protect
lettuce from contamination by a common foodborne pathogen. Their findings appear
in the May 2005 issue of the journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology.
recent outbreaks of Escherichia coli O157:H7 have raised concerns that contaminated
fertilizer may be affecting crops of fruits and vegetables. The bacterium is commonly
found in manure used as fertilizer and can survive for extended periods of time.
In the study lettuce
seedlings were planted in soil fertilized with E. coli O157:H7 contaminated manure
and grown for fifty days. Although the pathogen was detected in the soil for up
to eight weeks, it was determined that the bacterium did not contaminate the roots,
outer leaves, or edible parts of the lettuce. Pseudomonas fluorescens, a bacterium
shown to inhibit E. coli O157:H7 when tested in vitro, was identified in soil
found on the lettuce roots.
conclusion, transmission of E. coli O157:H7 from manure to lettuce was not observed
when seedlings were transplanted into soil fertilized with manure inoculated with
low concentrations of the pathogen," say the researchers. "The results
also indicated that some of the organisms native in the soil microflora have antagonistic
effects against pathogenic bacteria introduced into soil."
Johannessen, G.B. Bengtsson, B.T. Heier, S. Bredholt, Y. Wasteson, L.M. Rorvik.
2005. Potential uptake of Escherichia coli O157:H7 from organic manure into crisphead
lettuce. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 71. 5: 2221-2225.)
Notice -Health Security and Bioterrorism
court rules pair can't sue over E. coli
of Article: http://www.billingsgazette.com
- In a split decision, the Wyoming Supreme Court dismissed a lawsuit seeking damages
against the town of Alpine for an E. coli outbreak in 1998.
least 62 people became ill in what health officials said at the time was the country's
largest outbreak of the infection linked to a municipal water source.
surmised that the bacteria came from contaminated wildlife waste washed into a
spring that supplied some of the town's water.
suit was brought by Lisa and Kim Wilson, who claimed they were poisoned while
staying in the western Wyoming town on July 2, 1998. Lisa Wilson allegedly contracted
hemolytic uremic syndrome, which causes kidney damage.
couple presented a notice of claim to the town on June 7, 1999. The claim was
denied, and the Wilsons sued in 2000.
2004, Lincoln County District Judge Dennis Sanderson dismissed the case, saying
the couple had not met the Wyoming Constitution's requirement that they certify
the claim with their own signatures. The
state Supreme Court, in a 3-2 vote Monday, agreed with the lower court's dismissal.The
majority - Justices William Hill, Michael Golden and Barton Voigt - relied on
a 2001 state Supreme Court case (Beaulieu v. Florquist) and one in 2005 (Wooster
v. Carbon County School District No. 1) in which the court ruled that for a claim
against the government to meet constitutional muster, it must be sworn to by the
claimant through a personal signature, not an attorney's signature.
James Burke and Marilyn Kite dissented, saying reliance on the 2001 and 2005 cases
was improper because the Wilson case was filed before each of the opinions was
is Lisa G. Wilson and Kim Wilson v. Town of Alpine, 2005 WY 57.
and Maintenance of Records for Foods; Notice of Public Meetings
Foreign Suppliers of Raw Ground Beef Found E. Coli O157:H7 Positive
Outreach Grassroot Meetings "Ensuring Compliance . . . Bioterrorism Act"
Reopens Market For U.S. Beef Products
E. coli outbreak tied to milk shakes
Amy L. Becker Staff Writer
of Article: http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/
13, 2005 (CIDRAP News) ? Sixteen people have fallen sick and one is hospitalized
with Escherichia coli O157:H7, most of them after drinking milk shakes at a popular
drive-in restaurant in Calgary, Alta.
Calgary Health Region traced the outbreak to a longtime employee of Peters' Drive-In,
according to the Calgary Herald. The employee reportedly came to work despite
being ill. She made a marshmallow milk shake mix that was served at Peters' from
Apr 22 to 26, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) reported on May 10.
Fourteen of the
16 people identified in the outbreak had consumed marshmallow milk shakes, Judy
MacDonald, MD, MCM, of Calgary Health Region told CIDRAP News today. MacDonald
is deputy medical officer of health working on communicable disease control for
CBC reported that three people were hospitalized briefly. A fourth, a 15-year-old
named Sara Burgess, had a marshmallow shake on Apr 24, the Herald reported. The
next day, she began vomiting and was hospitalized. She developed hemolytic uremic
syndrome (HUS) and has been receiving dialysis at Alberta Children's Hospital
because of kidney failure. She remained in fair to serious condition today, according
to MacDonald. MacDonald
said it¡¯s too soon to rule out the possibility of more cases. The
worker who made the milk shakes had the first case identified in the outbreak,
said MacDonald. She was symptomatic before Apr 22 and continued to work until
she was found to have a possible case of E coli on Apr 25. The
next week, on May 2 and 3, lab tests showed several more E coli cases, MacDonald
said. Because a food worker had already been diagnosed, investigators quickly
focused on the drive-in and found links among 15 cases. One case has not been
linked to the drive-in, MacDonald said. Using
pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), authorities have been able to confirm
that the same strain of E coli infected at least 9 of the 16 people, MacDonald
reported. She said the
outbreak carries an important lesson about food safety: although E coli infections
are usually associated with eating undercooked ground beef, the pathogen can get
into other foods if they are handled by infected people. Some of those who fell
ill in this outbreak are vegetarians, she added.
Glen Armstrong, head of infectious diseases at the University of Calgary, told
the CBC that foodservice workers should stay home if they're feeling ill.
drive-in was temporarily closed, but it has been cleaned and reopened, the Toronto
Globe and Mail newspaper reported on May 7.
Source of Article: http://www.meatnews.com
control points in U.K. meat plants are failing according to union.
public service trades union UNISON has warned the Food Standards Agency and the
Meat Hygiene Service that Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point systems are failing
to prevent contaminated meat being presented to inspectors throughout the United
In a survey of meat hygiene inspectors carried out by UNISON, reports
show that HACCP has had very little effect on the standard of meat being presented
to the union¡¯s meat inspection members.
UNISON said that the HACCP system that
identifies contaminated meat at critical points within the production chain is
being touted by the FSA as the government¡¯s preferred system of consumer protection.
The union said that if the FSA can persuade consumers that they are being protected
by HACCP, it will allow the Agency to move ahead with its plans to do away with
independent meat inspection and hand over the task to the meat plants themselves.
union added that to cope with the quantity of contaminated meat that arrives at
inspection points every hour, meat inspectors have traditionally been expected
to trim off any contaminated meat before the carcase is stamped as fit for human
consumption.In 2004, the MHS re-issued instructions to its meat inspectors that
they were not to carry out trimming as part of the inspection process as HACCP
would take over the job of protecting the consumer.
In the UNISON survey, 92
percent of meat inspectors said that HACCP has made no impact on the quality of
product presented for inspection at their plant and 78 percent of the inspectors
surveyed said they are still unofficially expected to carry out trimming with
the same percentage actually carrying it out.Ben Priestley, UNISON national officer,
said: ¡°It¡¯s obvious that HACCP is not working. The MHS have said that HACCP should
mean that inspectors do not have to trim meat yet they are still unofficially
expected to do so. The MHS cannot realistically enforce their own instruction
to staff not to trim, because it would mean the whole industry coming to a daily
standstill as inspectors rejected most of the meat coming to the inspection points.¡±
added: ¡°We have made our findings available to the FSA and the MHS. We have asked
the agency for an urgent high level meeting to ask for a fundamental review of
official support for a HACCP system which is not only risking public health, but
which places meat inspectors in the daily position of knowingly having to disobey
MHS instructions on trimming, because if they didn¡¯t the health of the consumer
would be put at risk or the whole meat industry in this country would collapse.¡±
Journal of Food Safety Vol. 6
Microorganisms in Kitchen Spnges
Willingness to Adopt HACCP: Goat Producers Survey Results
The HACCP Implementation and the Mental Illness of Food Handlers As
the 4th Eventual Hazard
A Preliminary Study of Kashar Cheese and Its Organoleptic Qualities
Matured in Bee Wax
Qualicon to Market Strategic Diagnostic Products
Diagnostics Inc., manufacturer of biotechnology-based detection solutions for
a broad range of applications, have announced an exclusive distribution agreement
with DuPont through its Wilmington, Delaware-based Qualicon business.
the terms of the agreement, SDI¡¯s lateral flow tests for the detection of food
pathogens will be marketed outside the United States by DuPont Qualicon as the
DuPont¢â Lateral Flow System¢â. SDI will continue to market its RapidChek¢â line
of food pathogen test kits in the United States. "SDI
food pathogen products, including the RapidChek¢â assay line of E. coli, Salmonella
and our rapidly growing Listeria product, continue to enjoy excellent growth and
market acceptance domestically," said Matt Knight, President and CEO of SDI.
"This distribution agreement assures markets outside the United States will
benefit from the same cost-effective, quality technology offered in the United
shows Soleris(TM) System matches accuracy of conventional microbial test method
with increased speed and ease-of-use
Centrus ? Press Release
Tenn.? Centrus announced the results of a study for the nutraceutical industry,
comparing the accuracy of rapid microbiological testing technology with conventional
plating methods. In a poster presentation at the SupplySide East International
Tradeshow, May 4-6, 2005, Dr. Ruth Eden, chief scientific officer, Centrus International
outlined the study, ¡°Rapid Automated System for the Detection of Microorganisms
in Nutraceutical and Dietary Products¡±.
¡°The Soleris system not only matches
conventional plating methods, but also provides increased speed and ease-of-use,¡±
says Eden. ¡°This can allow nutraceutical processors to optimize their production
capabilities, while ensuring product quality.¡±
The presentation details the
accuracy and speed of the Soleris optical system for the detection of microbial
contaminants in nutraceuticals and dietary products, in comparison with conventional
plating test methods. The accuracy of conventional test methods versus newer,
rapid microbiological test methods has long been scrutinized by the food safety
industry. Test results showed greater than 95 percent agreement between the Soleris
system and plating. In several of the samples, Soleris detected more contamination
than the conventional method, where it was often difficult to tell the difference
between microorganisms and other non-viable particulates.
The Soleris system
performed all bacteria tests, including aerobic count, coliform, E.Coli, Pseudomonas
and Staphylococcus in less than 24 hours, while molds and yeasts were detected
in 48 to 72 hours. Conventional plating methods take up to five days to perform
similar tests. In addition to increased speed, the Soleris system is an easy-to-use,
automated system, requiring less hands-on labor and training to operate.
also highlighted benefits to nutraceutical manufacturers that the Soleris system
provides, such as:
Ensures quality of results
Increases product through-put
time and cost of employee equipment training
¡°Soleris rapid automated technology
delivers results as accurate as conventional plating methods,¡± added Eden. ¡°However,
Soleris also provides manufacturers of nutraceuticals and dietary products with
additional benefits that bring added value to their operations.¡±
foodhandler-associated outbreak of Salmonella Heidelberg gastroenteritis
identified by calls to a local telehealth service, Edmonton, Alberta, 2004
Communicable Disease Report
The complete document can be downloaded
On 22 June, 2004, Capital Health-Public Health Division (the local public
health department for the metro Edmonton, Alberta, region) received multiple reports
of gastrointestinal illness among individuals who had consumed a meal, some hours
before onset, at an Edmonton buffet-style restaurant specializing in South Asian
cuisine. The initial reports of illness linked to the restaurant were received
through two separate telephone calls to a local telehealth service (Capital Health
Link). Transcripts of the telehealth calls were forwarded to the local public
health department and resulted in the initiation of an outbreak investigation.
beef: What's not for dinner
May 1, 2005
American Council on Science
A May 1, 2005 article by Steve Wartenberg
in The Morning Call mentions ACSH as a counterpoint to fears about irradiated
Because of the efforts of grass-roots groups across the country, led
by Public Citizen and local activists such as Szela and Stein, consumers have
so far said ''no'' to irradiated beef.
''There is a big movement against irradiated
meat that has had an impact on the market,'' said Wood, whose company's cold-food
storage business continues to thrive.
Ron Eustes, executive director of the
Minnesota Beef Council, said 18 million to 20 million pounds of ground beef and
poultry were irradiated in 2004, most of it ground beef. This represents a minuscule
fraction of the 9 billion pounds of ground beef that Eustes said are produced
annually in this country.
''I was in shock when I heard the news [that the
CFC Logistics irradiator was closing],'' Szela said.
As the phone began ringing
nonstop and e-mails from around the world poured in offering congratulations,
the shock was quickly replaced by sheer joy.
''You can make a difference,''
Szela said. ''A lot of people said we were wasting our time, that you can't stop
this. But we did.''
In 1999, the U.S. Department of Agriculture approved irradiation
as a safe way to kill E. coli, salmonella, parasites, and insects in raw meat
and poultry. Several other countries and organizations, including the American
Council on Science and Health and the World Health Organization, say irradiated
meat is safe.
reaction zaps bacteria
Hospitals could benefit from
a tube that vaporizes microbes.
of Article: http://www.nature.com/14.html
here to see picture of apparatus: http://www.nature.com/
passes through this glass tube coated with titanium dioxide, and comes out clean
glass tube bathed in ultraviolet light may prove a great help to hospitals by
keeping dangerous bacteria out of their air. Scientists have developed a simple,
reusable device that can knock out more than 99% of microbes in air conditioners.
device relies on titanium dioxide, a compound used in white pigments and found
in common household products such as toothpaste. When exposed to ultraviolet light,
bacteria landing on a surface of titanium dioxide are converted to a vapour of
carbon dioxide and water, along with harmless organics.
have previously exploited the antibacterial powers of this illuminated catalyst
by putting powdered titanium dioxide in water systems and blasting it with ultraviolet
light. But in air, it was hard to ensure that bacteria would come into contact
with the material.
new system passes air through a coated glass tube filled with fingers of glass.
This hugely increases the surface area of the tube, says Valerie Keller, a materials
scientist at the European Laboratory for Catalysis and Surface Sciences in Strasbourg,
France, who helped to develop the system.
team tested its device using Escherichia coli, which commonly cause food poisoning.
Each cubic metre of contaminated air flowing into the reactor contained about
15,000 clumps of bacteria capable of forming a colony; the outlet air contained
no viable colony-forming units, report the researchers in the journal Chemical