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Internet Journal of Food Saety



Guidance on preparing infant formula
Tuesday 29 November 2005
The Department of Health and Food Standards Agency have issued revised guidance on the preparation and storage of infant formula milk.
The European Food Safety Authority¡¯s (EFSA) Scientific Panel on Biological Hazards has issued an opinion in relation to the microbiological risks in powdered infant and follow-on formulae.
The panel concluded that salmonella and Enterobacter sakazakii are the micro-organisms of greatest concern. Although infections with these micro-organisms from formula milk are rare, the risk can be reduced by following guidelines on preparation and storage. The Department of Health and the Food Standards Agency advise all health professionals, particularly nurses, midwives and health visitors, to change/revise/update their advice to mothers on the preparation and storage of infant formula milk in the home. Health professionals should re-emphasise to parents:
the importance of good hygiene practices in preparing and storing feeds made from powdered formula failure to follow the manufacturer¡¯s guidelines may increase the chances of a baby becoming ill
Infant formula powder is not sterile; the risks associated with using powdered infant formula milk are reduced if:
feeds are made up using boiled water that is greater than 70¨¬C; in practice, this means using water that has been left to cool for no more than half an hour
feeds are made up fresh for each feed; storing made up formula milk may increase the chance of a baby becoming ill and should be avoided
any left over milk is thrown away
mothers, who require a feed for later, are advised to keep water they have just boiled in a sealed flask and make up fresh formula milk when needed
The NHS leaflet on bottle feeding has been updated and 'Birth to Five' and 'The Pregnancy Book' will be updated to reflect this advice before the next print run.

EU strengthens allergen labelling
By Anthony Fletcher
Source of Article:
30/11/2005 - From 25 November, the new rules, introduced by EC Directive 89/2003, will require pre-packed foods sold in the European Union to show clearly on the label if they contain any of 12 listed allergenic foods as an ingredient.
The new regulations also remove the current '25 per cent rule', which meant that the ingredients of a compound ingredient (for example, a sausage used as a topping for a pizza or a sponge finger used in a trifle) did not have to be declared if the compound ingredient made up less than 25 per cent of the final food. There is general agreement between the food industry, consumer support groups and enforcement bodies, that excessive use of warning labels about the possible presence of allergens not only unnecessarily restricts consumer choice but also devalues the impact of the warnings. Under the new rules, all ingredients will have to be listed on the label, even if they are part of a compound ingredient, or present in just tiny amounts. The new rules apply to foods labelled on or after 25 November. However, some consumer groups are concerned that there will still be some products on the shelves that were labelled before these rules were introduced.
In addition, some ingredients derived from these foods are exempt from the new rules, because they are highly processed. The regulators argue that as a result, they are no longer able to cause allergic reactions.
more information

Research reveals new strategy to reduce campylobacter in chickens
by Ann Bagel on 11/28/2005 for
Bacteriocins proteins produced by bacteria can reduce campylobacter in chicken intestines to nearly undetectable levels, according to a study published by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service.
The research was led by microbiologist Norman Stern of the USDA Agricultural Research Center in Athens, Ga., and Edward Svetoch of the Russian Federation State Research Center for Applied Microbiology in Obolensk.
Tens of thousands of bacterial isolates from poultry production environments were evaluated in the study. Several were found to have anti-campylobacter activity namely Bacillus circulans and Paenibacillus ploymyxa. Stern has received a patent on the uses for bacteriocins, and he and his colleagues have enhanced bacteriocin production so that it is more attractive for industrial testing. The study, which is ongoing, is being funded and coordinated by the U.S. Department of State, the International Science and Technology Center and the ARS Office of International Research Programs.

General Food Safety news
11/30. There's No Shame in Having Food Allergies; Calls for Action
UFFVA, PMA offer food safety guidance for melon industry
Longmark Industries Targets Food Borne Illnesses with New
EU strengthens allergen labelling
EU experts meet to discuss problems with packaging chemical
South Korea Delays Decision to Resume U.S. Beef Imports
11/29. Preventing Health Risks Associated with Drinking Unpasteurized or Untreated Juice
11/29. Benzoates and sorbates in soft drinks survey
11/29. Guidance on preparing infant formula
11/29. Investigations continue into Northern Ireland coldstore
11/28. Tasty Toadstool or Fatal Fungus? Federal Researcher Makes Call
Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF)
11/28. Illinois to increase BSE surveillance to include feed
11/28. E. coli outbreak spawns first lawsuit
11/28. Researchers find animal antibiotics in vegetables
11/28. More fresh produce linked to Salmonella, CSPI says
11/28. Taiwan urged to lift ban on U.S. beef
11/28. Research reveals new strategy to reduce campylobacter in chi
11/28. Health experts hold key to food safety
11/27. EU scientists call for listeria alert network for food
11/27. Microbiological criteria related directives and decisions
11/27. Chemical safety - food contact materials
11/27. Microbiological criteria
11/27. Consultations: food safety
11/27. Food poisoning can be serious, doctors and vets have key
11/27. Raw milk
11/26. Sprouts in Canada
Canada zeroes in on prion diseases, including mad cow diseas
Lawsuit filed against parsley grower linked to WA, OR
Public advised to avoid eating mung bean sprouts
Salmonella controls on pigs to tighten
Activists dig through trash for food
Thermometers for Thanksgiving
Towards a national food safety strategy
11/25. BSE - annual reports
USDA searches for leaders in food safety innovations
Food inspections leave bad taste
Boil notice placed on Co. Limerick group water scheme
11/24. China-water panic
Bacterial film

Internet Journal of Food Safety
Vol 7. 29-33

Antioxidant Nutrients: Beneficial or Harmful

Vol 7. 20-28

Poultry meat pathogens and its Control
Vol 7. 15-19
Antibacterial Activity of Essential oil from Ocimum gratissimum on Listeria monocytogenes.
Vol 7. 4-14
A Survey of Genetically Modified Foods Consumed, Health Implications and Recommendations
for Public Health Food Safety in Trinidad
Vol 7. 1-3
Public awareness and Perception to Bio/Food Terrorism in Trinidad, West Indies

Vol 6. 31-34
"Bioavailable" Lead Concentration in Vegetable Plants Grown in Soil from a reclaimed
Industry Site; Health Implications
Vol 6. 23-30
An observational study of Food Safety Levels of salt, fat and sugar of soups consumed in Trinidad
Vol 6. 17-22
Microorganisms in Kitchen Spnges
Vol 6. 11-16
Willingness to Adopt HACCP: Goat Producers Survey Results
Vol 6. 5-10
The HACCP Implementation and the Mental Illness of Food Handlers As the 4th Eventual Hazard
Vol 6. 1-4.
A Preliminary Study of Kashar Cheese and Its Organoleptic Qualities Matured in Bee Wax

Outbreak Information
11/30. Ontarians warned to avoid sprouts after outbreak
E. coli outbreak spawns first lawsuit
11/28. Potential source of Salmonella outbreak found
Salmonella outbreak linked to raw bean sprouts
Hepatitis E virus transmission from wild boar meat
Number of hepatitis cases in Nizhny Novgorod tops 3,000

Job Information
11/30. Manager of Food Safety and Quality Assurance - CO-Denver
11/30. US-IL-Elk Grove Village-Food Quality Technician
11/30. Quality Assurance Manager - Fullerton, CA
11/30. Quality Assurance/Microbiology Associate - Mason City, IA
11/30. Quality Control Supervisor - food manufacturer - Somerset NJ
11/30. QA Manager REVISED - Food Processing - WI-Wausau
11/30. Plant Sanitation Manager - Salinas, CA
11/30. Quality Assurance/R&D - Santa Ana, CA
11/28. Quality Assurance Manager - Burlingon, NJ
11/28. Quality Assurance Supervisor - Macon, GA
11/28. TX-Austin-Microbiology Lab Technician
11/28. TX-San Antonio-Microbiology Lab Technician
11/28. IL-Wheeling-Quality Assurance Manager
11/28. TX-Waco-Microbiology Lab Technician
11/28. Quality Assurance Specialist II - Salt Lake City, UT
11/28. KY-Statewide-Quality Manager
11/28. Quality Assurance Technician - PA-King of Prussia
11/28. Manager, Quality Assurance - Carlsbad, CA

Recall Information
11/30. SAFEWAY [Canada] ground beef products may contain E. coli 0157:h7 bacteria bacteria
11/30. [UK] Waitrose withdraws flapjacks
11/30. [UK] NestléUK recalls Kit Kat promotional packs
11/30. [UK] United Biscuits recalls batch of Go Ahead! Figfuls
11/30. [UK] Willards smooth peanut butter withdrawn
11/28. MUNG BEAN SPROUTS mfg by Toronto Sun Wah may contain salmonella
11/28. Georgia ag commissioner issues warning for quick bread mix
11/28. [UK] Willards smooth peanut butter withdrawn
11/28. [UK] No action necessary over infant formula, FSA advises parents
11/28. [UK] Cadbury advent calendars recalled

USDA/FDA Information
BSE; minimal-risk regions and importation of commodities

Allergens -- Voluntary Labeling Statements

Guidance for Industry: Guidance for Records Access Authority Provided in Title III

Food Additives Permitted for Direct Addition to Food for Human Consumption; Vitamin D3

USDA Offers Food Safety Advice For Your Thanksgiving Meal En Español

Prior Notice of Imported Food Under the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism

FDA Collection and Analysis of Food for Perchlorate - High Priority - DFP #05-09

Questions and Answers Related to Ingredients of Public Health Concern

Nationwide Raw Ground Beef Component Microbiological Baseline Date Collection Program - Update

Meeting To Discuss Possible Changes to the Regulatory Jurisdiction of Certain Food Products Containing Meat and Poultry

FSIS Conference: Reaching At-Risk Audiences and Today's Other Food Safety Challenges

Letter to California Firms that Grow, Pack, Process, or Ship Fresh and Fresh-cut Lettuce

Restaurants and Grocers Reopening After Hurricanes and Flooding

Food Safety for Consumers Returning Home After a Hurricane and/or Flooding

Current FDA Activities Related to the Listeria monocytogenes Action Plan

Posted: Mon Nov 28, 2005 11:18 pm Post subject: Improved identification of Listeria spp

Improved identification of Listeria spp:
Innovative chromogenic medium detects B-glucosidase activity common to all Listeria species, resulting in distinct blue colonies November 28, 2005
Edited by Laboratorytalk
Oxoid has launched a new selective chromogenic medium, Oxoid Chromogenic Listeria Agar (Ocla, product codes CM1080, SR0227E and SR0228E), for the improved isolation, enumeration and presumptive identification of Listeria monocytogenes and other Listeria spp from food samples. This innovative chromogenic medium detects B-glucosidase activity common to all Listeria species, resulting in distinct blue colonies. Selective agents within the medium inhibit other organisms that possess this enzyme, such as enterococci, in addition to background flora that may be present in the sample.
The addition of lecithin to the medium permits the further differentiation of L monocytogenes and pathogenic L ivanovii, both of which have the ability to produce the phospholipase enzyme, lecithinase (PCPLC).
The activity of this enzyme produces a clearly visible, opaque white halo around L monocytogenes and pathogenic L ivanovii colonies.
The presence of PCPLC and another phospholipase enzyme (PIPLC) are required for virulence, although detection of one is sufficient for the identification of pathogenicity.
L monocytogenes is the most common pathogenic Listeria spp and has been found in humans and animals.
Pathogenic strains of L ivanovii (those that possess lecithinase activity) are primarily found in animals but have also been shown to cause infection in humans.
Comparative studies have found Ocla to be superior to Palcam or Oxford medium for the isolation of L monocytogenes.
Ocla has been validated and approved for use by Afnor.

bioMerieux Offers Fast Reliable Detection of E.coli O157
E.coli O157 represents a major risk for consumers. It is the main cause of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) that leads to acute renal failure in children. The incidence rate of HUS is around 1 case per 100 000 children under 15. Implicated in the contamination of foodstuffs as diverse as minced meat, vegetables, fruit juice and ready-cooked meals, since 1998 E.coli O157 can be detected with a simple, safe and quick test.

In 1998, bioMerieux, in collaboration with the national Lyon veterinary school, developed tests enabling the detection (VIDAS¢ç ECO) and confirmation (VIDAS¢ç ICE and chromogenic medium O157 :H7 ID) of this pathogen. The method is based on the VIDAS¢ç (or miniVIDAS¢ç) technology.

In 2000, VIDAS¢ç ECO and VIDAS ICE tests were validated by AFNOR certification, thus proving their performance levels in the identification of E.coli O157. This validation was renewed in September 2004.

Today, VIDAS¢ç tests from bioMerieux are the only tests with such recognition on the market for identifying this pathogen. In January 2005, in the USA, the VIDAS¢ç ECO test was validated by the AOAC specifically for detectingE. coli O157 in minced meat.

VIDAS¢ç ECO and VIDAS¢ç ICE tests complete the range of VIDAS¢ç reagents for the food processing industry, enabling reliable, automatic detection of the principle pathogens that must be identified in food.