9/23/2002
Issue 21

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FDA ISSUES GUIDE FOR IMPORTS
IFT Weekly Newsletter
http://www.ift.org/extra/newsletter/
The Food and Drug Administration's Office of Regulatory Affairs has
announced the availability of a final guidance for FDA Field Offices
entitled "Regulatory Procedures Manual, Chapter 9, Subchapter, 'Import for Export,'. " This guidance provides procedures for FDA Field Offices regarding the handling of products offered for import into the United States under section 801(d)(3) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. The revision is necessary because of the enactment of section 322 of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002, Public Law 107-188. The document provides examples of documentation that
will assist the FDA field offices in making a determination that the
appropriate statements and information have been submitted and whether the entry should be allowed as an "import for export" or refused admission. An electronic copy of the guidance is posted at
www.fda.gov/ora/compliance_ref/rpm_new2/ch9impex.html. FDA September 18 Federal Register.

USDA UNPREPARED FOR BIO-ATTACKS ON FARMS - REPORT
Reuters
By Randy Fabi WASHINGTON - Two separate government-sponsored reports were cited as saying on Thursday United States is not prepared to protect its farm industry from a bioterrorist attack nor can it ensure the safety of its meat supply from potentially deadly bacteria. A report by the National Research Council said the United States was vulnerable to agricultural bioterrorism due to weaknesses at the borders and in federal animal health laboratories.
Harley Moon, an Iowa State University veterinary professor and co-author of the report, was quoted as saying, "Biological agents that could be used to harm crops or livestock are widely available and pose a major threat to U.S. agriculture." The introduction of a farm livestock ailment such as foot-and-mouth disease or mad cow disease would have a far-reaching impact. Agriculture accounts for $1.5 trillion of the U.S. economy, or nearly 16 percent of the gross
domestic product, according to the report. The report was further cited as saying only a small percentage of travelers
and imports are inspected by the U.S. Agriculture Department, making it easy for someone to transport illegal products. USDA laboratories could easily be overwhelmed if a major outbreak occurred, it said. Both authors of the report said a biological attack on U.S. agriculture was a matter of when, not if. "I would not be surprised" if such an attack occurred within the next year or two, Moon said. Agriculture Secretary Ann Veneman defended the Bush administration's efforts to protect the farm industry from an attack, saying the "infrastructure is stronger today than a year ago."
The USDA spent an extra $328 million on biosecurity protections this year, including doubling border inspectors to nearly 4,000, she said.
The USDA, which requested the study from the National Research Council, would not allow one chapter of the report to be released to the public because of national security concerns. Moon said the deleted chapter detailed how likely it would be for certain diseases and pests to enter the country. Jim Cook, a Washington State University wheat expert and co-author of the study, said the government should concentrate on developing a national
strategy to defend itself from a bioterrorist attack.

FDA TO HOLD MEETING ON FOOD CONTACT PROCESS
IFT Weekly Newsletter
http://www.ift.org/extra/newsletter/
The Food and Drug Administration has announced a public meeting entitled "FDA Workshop on the Notification Process for Food Contact Substances." The meeting will discuss the food contact notification (FCN) process so that notifiers and/or their representatives, consumer interest groups, and other interested members of the general public can have a better understanding of
the FCN process, the information requirements of an FCN, and the common deficiencies to be avoided. The meeting will be held Oct. 15, 2002, on the campus of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in the Lister Hill Center Auditorium, Bldg. 38A, National Library of Medicine, 8600 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20894. Contact: William J. Trotter, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (HFS-275), Food and Drug Administration, 5100 Paint Branch Pkwy., College Park, MD 20740, 202-418-3088, FAX 202-418-3131, or e- mail: wjt@cfsan.fda.gov. For more information, see the Federal Register of
September 18, 2002 (Volume 67, Number 181, pages 58809-58810)

Seafood and Produce Top Food Poisoning Culprits
http://www.cspinet.org/new/200209181.html
CSPI Report Recommends Single Food Safety Agency WASHINGTON loppy farm practices may be largely responsible for making fruits and vegetables one of the top causes of foodborne illnesses, according to a report released today by the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI), the nonprofit food-safety watchdog group. Of the outbreaks of foodborne illness tracked in the Center database, contaminated produce is responsible for more than 18,000 cases of illness more than any other food source. While more is better?is the rule when it comes to eating fruits and vegetables, our research indicates that contaminated produce needs an urgent government response,?said CSPI food safety director Caroline Smith Dewaal. Earlier this summer, an outbreak of E. coli O157:H7-contaminated lettuce sickened 29 people in Washington state. Last spring, cantaloupe contaminated with Salmonella sickened 50 people in at least four states. Salmonella and E. coli are most frequently linked to animal waste which can contaminate crops through dirty irrigation water and untreated manure applied to fields. CSPI report, Outbreak Alert 2002, documents 2,472 outbreaks between 1990 and 2002. Of those, CSPI found that: Seafood caused the most outbreaks, 539, and 6,781 cases of illness.
Produce caused 293 outbreaks and the most cases of illness, 18,084.
Eggs caused 277 outbreaks and 9,349 illnesses.
Beef caused 251 outbreaks and 9,195 illnesses.
Poultry caused 235 outbreaks and 9,612 illnesses.
Multi-ingredient foods, like pizza, salads, and sandwiches caused 330 outbreaks and 11,500 illnesses.
The report cites improvements made by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which is responsible for collecting reports of foodborne illness, but says critical gaps still need to be filled. Mandatory reporting by state health authorities and rapid reporting of outbreaks would be especially important, considering heightened concerns over bioterrorism, according to CSPI.
In the 3 years we havee been publishing Outbreak Alert, CDC has made great strides,?Smith Dewaal said. “But the threat of terrorists attacking the food supply raises the stakes, and that means CDC and the states have to do even more to identify problems early.?CSPI also recommends bringing the ten federal agencies that currently regulate food into a single, independent food-safety agency. Such an agency should operate under a single new statute that replaces some 35 separate food-safety laws now on the books, says CSPI. Under the present system, the Department of Agriculture (USDA) regulates beef, pork, and poultry products, but dairy, produce, eggs, seafood, and most other foods fall under the Food and Drug Administration purview. Both the National Academy of Sciences and the General Accounting Office have also called for a single food agency in recent years. silly to have USDA regulate cows but FDA regulate their milk,?Smith Dewaal said. r to have USDA regulate chickens but FDA regulate eggs. A single agency would not only bridge regulatory gaps, but it would end regulatory redundancies.? The report also calls for increased inspections of food-processing facilities, and for new government authority to recall contaminated foods. Currently, food companies only recall contaminated foods on a voluntary basis. CSPI also recommends a government mandate to require feedlots, factory farms, and other livestock producers to raise and transport animals in ways that help prevent microbial contamination.

Food Safety Daily News
09/20. LET'S GET REAL' ON THE SO-CALLED 'HYGIENE HYPOTHESIS,' SAYS
09/20. FOOD SAFETY KEY TO DEVELOPING GLOBAL BRAND IDENTITY FOR CANA
09/20. PANEL WILL DISCUSS IRRADIATION, OTHER PATHOGEN REDUCTION STR
09/20. USDA UNPREPARED FOR BIO-ATTACKS ON FARMS - REPORT
09/20. PANEL: U.S. NOT WATCHING MEAT PLANTS
09/20. STATEMENT OF THE AMERICAN MEAT INSTITUTE ON GAO REPORT ON ME
09/20. MEAT AND POULTRY: BETTER USDA OVERSIGHT AND ENFORCEMENT OF
09/20. EU to introduce new traveler restrictions on food imports -
09/20. France's food safety agency says British beef is safe
09/20. Scientists: Terrorism a threat to food supply
09/20. Federal agencies release updated FDA Food Code
09/20. Sheep casings not BSE 'risk material,' new EU ruling declare
09/20. Anger at Broken BSE Rules
09/20. Congressional investigators find fault with government overs
09/20. French food agency backs British beef
09/19. U FOOD AUTHORITY TO HOLD FIRST BOARD MEETING
09/19. U OF A HARVESTS TWO GROWING ALBERTA AWARDS
09/19. FDA TO HOLD MEETING ON FOOD CONTACT PROCESS
09/19. FDA ISSUES GUIDE FOR IMPORTS
09/19. FOOD THREATS & BIOTERRORISM: GOVERNMENTS ISSUE RESOURCES
09/19. FOOD FRESHNESS AND 'SMART' PACKAGING
09/19. IMPROVEMENTS IN SAFE FOOD HANDLING BY CONSUMERS
09/19. INSPECTORS ALLOW REOPENING OF OMAHA, NEB., BEEF PLANT
09/19. Canada to Mull Restrictions on Farm Antibiotics
09/19. Threat of disease becomes a focus
09/19. Farm ministry organization to form BSE research center
09/19. Sheep pose no BSE risk, says scientific committee
09/19. Wyoming State commission approves CWD plan
09/19. Mysterious disease a reason for concern, not panic
09/19. Publix to offer irradiated meat next year
09/19. Popular restaurants, grocers shun biotechnology seafood
09/19. Seafood and Produce Top Food Poisoning Culprits
09/18. FEDERAL AGENCIES RELEASE UPDATED FOOD CODE
09/18. FSIS LAUNCHES ONLINE INTERACTIVE KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE FOR FIEL
09/18. FOOD SAFETY IS NOTHING TO JOKE ABOUT: MAYES MISSES MARK BY L
09/18. EU's European Food Safety Authority starts work
09/18. Dirty Grocery Stores & Restaurants Lose Business
09/18. Health Canada to update 30 year old regulations on bottled w
09/18. UK watchdog enforces Quorn relabelling

USDA/FDA NEWS
FSIS Constituent Update: September 20, 2002
National Food Safety Education Month
Research Shows Improvements In Safe Food Handling By Consumers
U.S. Codex Office "What's New" Page: Updated September 17, 2002
OPPDE What's New Page: Updated September 17, 2002

Recall Summary
09/20. EXPANDED HEALTH HAZARD ALERT- LITTLE QUALICUM CHEESEWORKS
09/20. Undeclared peanut protein in QUALITY brand RAJGIRA LADDU and R. CHIKKI
09/20. Salvati Foods Issues Allergy Alert on Undeclared Peanuts
09/20. Oasis de Aguada Has Recalled Besitos de Coco Sep 20
09/20. Salvati Foods Has Recalled "Cabrioni Brand Vanilla Wafer Cookies Sep 20
09/20. Recall Update Pepsi Cola Mountain Dew Recall Complete Sep 20
09/20. Recall Update Silgra Bakery Sabrosos Pilones Recall Complete Sep 20
09/20. M&F Distributing Tuna Salad and Pimento Cheese sandwiches Recall Complete
09/19. LITTLE QUALICUM CHEESEWORKS CHEESE may contain Listeria monocytogenes
09/19. Undeclared sulphites in SAFEWAY SELECT FIRECRACKERS APPETIZERS
09/19. PRESENCE OF SALMONELLA BACTERIA IN MERRICK BRAND BEEF STEAK
09/19. Pennsylvania Has Recalled Beef Product Sep 19
09/19. Key Food Store Has Recalled Nova Salmon Bits Sep 18
09/18. Clarification of product name in Health Hazard Alert - PARADISE BRAND HONEY
09/18. New York State Agriculture Commissioner Issues Warning on Nova Salmon Bits
09/18. Pennsylvania Firm Recalls Beef Product For Possible Listeria Contamination

Growing Demand for Trojan Technologies' 'One-Source Solution' for Destroying Microbes and Toxic Chemicals in Water Supplies

Trojan Technologies Inc. (TSX:TUV - News) is experiencing growing demand for its technology which destroys not only dangerous microorganisms, but also toxic chemicals, in municipal water supplies.
Trojan has been selected to provide its 'one-source solution' to several water facilities in California and in the Netherlands. Over the past year and a half, Trojan has secured contracts valued at approximately U.S. $20 million for these systems.The Trojan equipment uses ultraviolet light which effectively and efficiently destroys microorganisms such as E.coli and Cryptosporidium. As well, the UV systems (acting alone or in combination with hydrogen peroxide) break down and eliminate many chemical contaminants such as NDMA, pesticides, herbicides, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and endocrine disruptors such as 1,4-dioxane."We've been a leader for many years in providing large-scale water disinfection equipment. More recently, we've advanced the technology so that it is also effective against micropollutants. Increasingly, this 'one-source solution' is what many municipalities are seeking," says Trojan President and CEO Allan Bulckaert.Conventional methods of treatment, such as filtration, air stripping and carbon adsorption, have been either ineffective or cost-prohibitive. UV has emerged as the most cost-effective method for removing these substances, while simultaneously destroying water-borne pathogens. Some of Trojan's announced contracts in this field have included:Orange Country, California Trojan will be installing equipment to purify highly-treated wastewater which will then be injected or percolated into the aquifers to prevent against seawater intrusion and replenish groundwater supplies. The Trojan technology will treat the water to levels that far exceed drinking water standards. While providing disinfection, the system will also destroy contaminants such as NDMA. This installation will be the largest water reuse plant of its kind in the world -- ultimately treating up to 130 million gallons of water a day.Los Alamitos, California Also a water reuse project for recharging aquifers, Trojan's system will treat the water to drinking water standards, eliminating NDMA and disinfecting against water-borne pathogens. Approximately 3 million gallons a day will be treated.The Netherlands Trojan has partnered with PWN Water Supply Company in the development of what will be the largest municipal drinking water plant of its kind. It will treat more than 19 million gallons a day -- eliminating microorganisms as well as micropollutants.San Gabriel Valley, California Trojan equipment is now, and additional systems will be, treating groundwater at several plants in the San Gabriel Valley. When all are operational, some 26 million gallons a day of drinking water will be treated for contaminants such as NDMA and 1,4-dioxane. Trojan designs, manufactures and sells UV systems for municipal wastewater and drinking water facilities, as well as for the industrial, commercial and residential markets. The company also provides environmental contaminant treatment for the removal of chemicals from water. It has the largest installed base of UV municipal systems in the world -- nearly 3,000 systems in over 25 countries treating a total of more than 12 billion gallons of water each day. The company has over 350 employees around the world. U.S. operations are located in Arizona, California, and Georgia. Its head office is in London, Ontario, Canada, and its shares are listed on The Toronto Stock Exchange (under the trading symbol TUV).
Source: Trojan Technologies Inc.

OUTBREAKS
09/20. OUTBREAKS OF INFECTIOUS INTESTINAL DISEASE AMONG COACH TOUR

09/20. Three listeriosis cases discovered in Bergen

09/19. Health officials raise alert on Listeria

09/19. County reports 3 cases of listeriosis

09/19. Food Poisoning, Deaths Reported

09/18. CREEK WATER BEING TESTED FROM CIRCLE SQUARE RANCH

09/18. Possible listeria outbreak in several Northeastern states pr

09/18. Health officials stumped in search for E. coli source

09/18. Listeria kills 10 in the Northeast

09/18. Top hotel in food bug outbreak

09/18. Suspect confesses in Chinese mass poisoning

 

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