FDA seminar focuses
on preventive controls
The Food and Drug Administration is sponsoring a web seminar on the
new Food Safety Modernization Act, with a focus on preventive controls
Registration begins April 11 for the April 20 seminar, according to
a news release.
Information will be presented by government officials, including:
Michael Taylor, FDA deputy
commissioner for foods;
Murray Lumpkin, FDA deputy commissioner for international programs;
Donald Kraemer, chairman of the Implementation Team for Preventive Standards;
Daniel McChesney, chairman of the Implementation Team for Preventive
Participants can attend three of five breakout sessions: Preventive
Controls Guidance, On-Farm Manufacturing and Small Business, Product
Testing and Environmental Monitoring, Training and Technical Assistance,
and Preventive Controls and the Relationship to GMPs.
The event is scheduled from 9 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. April 20 EDT time at
the FDA White Oak Campus in Silver Spring, Md. The FDA is seeking comments
on preventive controls and possible hazards associated with specific
types of food and specific processes.
Participants must register to attend in person, for the webcast and
to present remarks.
foods safe, says industry, EC confirms wide-ranging trace element review
By Rory Harrington, 14-Apr-2011
UK infant food manufacturers have insisted their products are safe and
comply with all regulations, said the sector¡¯s trade body in response
to a study this week that raised concerns over levels of trace elements
in some products.
The British Specialist Nutrition Association (BSNA) said safety is the
primary concern of its members and challenged one of the main assumptions
of the research carried out by Swedish scientists that questioned the
suitability of including rice in infant food.
The European Commission (EC) and UK Food Standards Agency (FSA) told
FoodProductionDaily.com the levels detected by the study did not give
immediate cause for concern. But they highlighted the need to reduce
them as much as possible and said a wholesale review process had been
launched that was due to report its findings next year.
The investigation by the Karolinska Institutet team in Sweden into the
concentration of trace elements in nine infant formulas and nine infant
foods revealed wide variations between different products intended for
babies of less the 4 months old.
Rice-based products were highlighted as being of particular concern
because of the levels of arsenic found in them. While no legal limits
were broken, the authors said just two portions a day of rice-based
infant food would come very close to the former tolerable daily intake
of 2.1 ¥ìg/kg bodyweight . a figure now deemed inappropriate by the European
Food Safety Authority (EFSA).
But the BSNA questioned the
researchers¡¯ comparison between the composition of infant formulas and
baby cereals to that of breast milk
¡°Baby cereals are not designed to be breast-milk substitutes and therefore
should not be compared to breast-milk,¡± said the body.
It added that minerals and heavy metals that were analysed in the study
are all found naturally in the environment and therefore may be naturally
present in ingredients. The BSNA said all ingredients were selected
to ensure the lowest possible occurrence of the trace elements.
¡°Ingredients that do not meet stringent specifications are not used
in baby foods,¡± it added.
Wide-ranging EC review
The EC confirmed that while the levels of lead, cadmium and arsenic
in baby foods found in the Swedish study did not ¡°give immediate reason
for concern¡°, it declared it was key to reduce them as much as possible.
It has launched a far-reaching review with member states to reassess
existing maximum levels for lead and cadmium in food. Existing levels
for lead infant formula may be lowered following the evaluation, while
those for cadmium in baby food are expected to be introduced for the
first time, said Brussels.
Baby foods will be the only
food group considered within the review on maximum levels for lead and
cadmium. The EC also vowed to scrutinise other foods that are of particular
importance for infants and children . such as milk, chocolate, vegetables,
cereals and cereal products.
The Commission is further
considering introducing harmonised maximum levels for arsenic in foodstuffs.
Presently these only exist for drinking water and natural mineral water.
Several member states are monitoring arsenic levels in rice and cereals
in relation to specific groups such as children as well as on parameters
as ¡°origin, varieties and state of processing¡± said the EC.
The EC hopes to complete
the cadmium and arsenic reviews by early 2012 while the one for lead
is expected later that year.
cuts foodborne pathogens on apples
By Rory Harrington, 14-Apr-2011
Applying an antimicrobial polylactic acid (PLA) coating to apples inhibits
the formation of foodborne pathogens such as E.coli 0157:H7 and Salmonella,
according to new research.
The study by Tony Jin and Brendan A. Niemira said applying the coating
to Golden Delicious apples inoculated with E.coli and Salmonella ¡°significantly
reduces¡± pathogens on the surface of the fruit.
The scientists said the application of effective antimicrobial methods
was necessary ¡°because of the numerous food-borne outbreaks associated
with contaminated fruits and the pathogens most likely originate from
the contaminated surface of whole fruits¡±.
The study was published in
the Journal of Food Science.
In the research, Golden Delicious apples were spot inoculated with E.
Coli O157:H7.or S. Stanley and spray coated with PLA solutions containing
lactic acid (LA), disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), sodium
benzoate (SB), potassium sorbate (PS), or a combination of them all.
The coating were allowed to dry fully, and the apples were stored at
4 ¡ÆC for 14 days. Antimicrobial coatings reduced populations of E. coli
O157:H7 and S.Stanley by up to 4 log CFU/cm©÷ at one day and 4.7 log
CFU/cm2 at 14 days, compared to controls of uncoated fruit.
The SB + LA combination had a similar effectiveness as the SB + LA +
EDTA combination against both pathogens and was more effective than
other coating treatments.
¡°The antimicrobial PLA coating significantly reduced the pathogens on
the apple surface,¡± said the research. ¡°In general, the combined treatment
of SB + LA or SB + LA + EDTA .was more effective againstE. coli.O157:H7
and.S. Stanley than other coating treatments.¡±
Due the high number of foodborne outbreaks connected to contaminate
fruit, the antimicrobial PLA coatings provide an alternative intervention
for decontamination of apples. The same technique could also be applied
for other fruits, said the scientist.
IIT Opens Institute
for Food Safety and Health
BEDFORD PARK, Ill.
The Illinois Institute of Technology's (IIT) on April 11 officially
opened its Institute for Food Safety and Health (IFSH), a private-public
research consortium dedicated to making foods safer and more nutritious
through the use of food science and collaborative research and finding
practical solutions to real-world problems. The new institute includes
nearly 50 FDA personnel, nearly 50 IIT faculty and students, and more
than 50 food industry-related partner companies.
The new institute will create
"centers" as separate, but interactive, lines of business
comprising the IFSH organizational and administrative structure to streamline
research activities and projects to better meet the needs of its members.
To coincide with opening
of the new institute, IFSH and the U.S. Department of Agriculture's
Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS) signed a 5-year memorandum
of understanding (MOU) to develop and enhance cooperative farm-to-fork
research initiatives. IFSH and USDA-ARS will work closely together to
create new, and support existing, cooperative research programs and
knowledge exchanges within the broad scope of innovation in food safety,
food processing science and human nutrition.
"IFSH's continued partnership
with USDA-ARS underscores our organizations' mutual commitment to creating
innovative research initiatives that will enhance food safety and nutrition
for all consumers," said IFSH Vice President and Director Robert
E. Brackett, Ph.D.
IFSH¡¯s principal operating
center, the National Center for Food Safety and Technology (NCFST),
also entered into a 5-year MOU with Australia's national science agency
the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO).
Under the agreement, IFSH/NCFST and CSIRO will establish a collaborative
framework in which the organizations will provide scientific and technological
support to each other in research projects involving food safety, innovative
processing technologies, nutrition and health substantiation.
"NCFST will serve as
a cornerstone of IFSH, providing a strong, consistent and well-established
foundation for the expanded IFSH operating framework. This restructuring
strongly positions us to better assist the nation's food companies and
regulators with practical, authoritative science-based knowledge, especially
in light of new requirements arising from the recent passage of the
Food Safety Modernization Act," Brackett said.
NCFST, the Center for Nutrition
Research, Center for Processing Innovation, and the Center for Specialty
Programs will now operate within the IFSH scientific organizational
structure to support continued growth, while leveraging NCFST's leading
status as the only center where scientists from an entire FDA division
are co-located with university researchers to work side-by-side on food
safety, nutrition and technology research projects.
IFSH also launched its new
website that reflects the restructuring of NCFST as one of four principal
food science research centers operating under the newly formed institute.
The website offers a number of online resources, news and public information
about the institute's latest activities, state-of-the-art research capabilities
and facilities, and staff. Members-only information is accessible from
a password-protected log-in window.
Milk From Spill Control Rule
WASHINGTON.The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on April 12
exempted milk and milk product containers from the Oil Spill Prevention,
Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) rule, a move that could potentially
save the milk and dairy industries more than $140 million per year.
The regulation has been in
place since the 1970s, and yesterday¡¯s ruling for the first time will
ensure all milk and milk products will be formally exempted.
After receiving feedback
from the agriculture community, EPA determined that this unintended
result of the current regulations designed to prevent oil spill damage
to inland waters and shorelines placed unjustifiable burdens on dairy
farmers. To ensure the outdated rule didn¡¯t harm the agriculture community
while the mandatory regulatory process proceeded, EPA had delayed SPCC
compliance requirements for milk and milk product containers several
times since the SPCC rule went into effect.
¡°After working closely with
dairy farmers and other members of the agricultural community, we¡¯re
taking commonsense steps to exempt them from a provision in this rule
that simply shouldn¡¯t apply to them. Despite the myths that have arisen
about EPA¡¯s intentions, our efforts have been solely focused on exempting
milk and milk products from this regulation.and that exemption is now
permanent," said EPA Administrator Lisa P. Jackson. ¡°This step
will relieve a potential burden from our nation¡¯s dairy farms, potentially
saving them money, and ensuring that EPA can focus on the pressing business
of environmental and health protection."
The final exemption applies
to milk, milk product containers and milk production equipment. Because
some of these facilities may still have oil storage subject to the spill
prevention regulations, EPA also is amending the rule to exclude milk
storage capacity from a facility¡¯s total oil storage capacity calculation.
EPA also is removing the compliance date requirements for the exempted
and toxic metals found in baby foods
By Richard Gray, Science Correspondent and Alastair Jamieson 9:00PM
BST 09 Apr 2011
Last night there were calls for urgent new safety rules to control the
presence of the poisons in foods intended for young children.
The findings come as officials at the Food Standards Agency and the
European Commission are conducting an urgent review to establish new
limits for the long term exposure of these contaminants in food.
The products tested by the researchers were made by major baby food
manufacturers including Organix, Hipp, Nestle and Holle - some of which
are available in British supermarkets.
Researchers found feeding infants twice a day on the shop-bought baby
foods such as rice porridge can increase their exposure to arsenic by
up to fifty times when compared to breast feeding alone. Exposure to
other toxic metals such as cadmium, which is known to cause neurological
and kidney damage, increased by up to 150 times in some of the foods
tested by Swedish scientists, while lead increased by up to eight times.
Although none of the levels of the toxic elements found in the foods
exceeded official safety limits, scientists believe they are still of
concern if fed to very young children and have demanded new guidelines
to restrict their presence in food.
Young infants are thought to be particularly vulnerable to these substances
because they are going through rapid development.
Writing in the journal of Food Chemistry, the scientists from the Unit
of Metals and Health at Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, Sweden,
where the research was carried out, said: "Alarmingly, these complementary
foods may also introduce high amounts of toxic elements such as arsenic,
cadmium, lead and uranium, mainly from their raw materials.
"These elements have to be kept at an absolute minimum in food
products intended for infant consumption.
"In infant foods, the high concentrations of arsenic in the rice-based
foods are of particular concern." Experts now believe there are
no safe limits for arsenic and manufacturers should be making more efforts
to remove it from their food.
Professor Andrew Meharg, a biogeochemist at Aberdeen University who
has studied the presence of arsenic in rice, said the latest research
highlighted the urgent need for new restrictions on arsenic and other
toxic elements in food.
He said: "For an adult with an average consumption of rice every
day, it makes little difference, but for young babies who are the most
vulnerable receptors we should be doing everything we can to reduce
that risk. You don't want DNA damage during infant development.
"There are ways to decrease the toxic load in food. It is only
recently that we have started using rice in baby foods and formulas.
You can reduce the arsenic in infant foods very rapidly by sourcing
the rice from different parts of the world. You can reduce it by four
or five fold by carefully selecting the right rice."
The researchers tested nine different brands of baby food, which were
intended to be fed to children from the age of four months old, and
nine baby milk formulas.
They found that when compared to breast milk, the baby foods had elevated
levels of toxic contaminants measured in micrograms - a millionth of
a gram, or 35 billionths of an ounce.
The daily safe intake limit for arsenic was set by the World Health
Organisation as two micrograms for every kilogram of body weight, but
this was suspended earlier this year amid growing evidence that arsenic
can cause cancer even at low levels.
The limits for lead have also been suspended while those for cadmium
are one microgram for every kilogram of body weight.
Arsenic and the other heavy metals found in the study are often found
in food as they are absorbed from the soil by plants such as rice, wheat
Among the baby foods found to contain elevated levels of arsenic, cadmium
and lead in the tests by the researchers was Organix First Organic Whole
Grain Baby Rice, which they found contained two micrograms of arsenic
per portion, along with 0.03 micrograms of cadmium and 0.09 micrograms
of lead. This product is sold by Boots in the UK.
HiPP Organic Peach and Banana Breakfast porridge, which is sold by supermarkets
in the UK including Tesco, contained 1.7 micrograms of arsenic, 0.13
micrograms of cadmium and 0.33 micrograms of lead.
Holle Organic Rice Porridge, which is sold by specialist retailers,
was found to contain 7.3 micrograms of arsenic per portion - the highest
found in the study - along with 0.38 micrograms of cadmium and 0.26
micrograms of lead.
The Swedish National Food Administration is now conducting its own review
of toxic elements and metals in baby food and food for older children
as a result of the research. The results will be reported to the European
Food Safety Authority and the European Commission, which is responsible
for setting food safety limits.
The Sunday Telegraph contacted each of the major manufacturers of leading
brands of baby food sold in the UK but most refused to reveal the levels
of toxic contaminants found in their products. Heinz, Cow & Gate,
Nestle, and HiPP all insisted their foods contained levels that were
within safety limits.
Dr Karin Ljung, who led the Swedish research, said: "The producers
will say they are not above any guideline values and it is true . they
are following all the rules.
"The trouble is that the guidelines are not based on infant exposure.
As we are getting more information coming out, it is may be time to
reconsider what these safety limits are."
She added that breast feeding until babies were six months old appeared
to be the best way to keep infants' exposure to these toxic contaminants
as low as possible as they seemed to be filtered out by the mothers'
There are currently no EU-wide regulations for arsenic levels in food
after the European Food Safety Authority ruled that previous safety
limits were inadequate.
Jackie Schneider, from the Children's Food Campaign, said: "We
expect full transparency from baby food manufacturers and are disappointed
that they are choosing to not share the relevant data.
"Parents aren't stupid and they deserve to be given the facts so
they can make an informed choice"
A spokesman for the Food Standards Agency said previous reviews of the
levels of toxic elements in baby food found them to be present at low
He added: "The Agency is actively engaging with the European Commission
to review and establish long term limits for these environmental contaminants
A spokesman for the British Specialist Nutrition Association, the trade
body for baby food producers in the UK, said: "BSNA members carefully
select and control their ingredients as well as the baby food, to ensure
they are safe for infants.
"That selection of suitable ingredients ensures the lowest possible
occurrence of certain naturally-occurring substances. Ingredients that
do not meet stringent specifications are not used in baby foods."
A spokesman for HiPP insisted the levels of arsenic and cadmium in their
Organic Peach and Banana Breakfast porridge were under the official
daily intake limits and so were safe as part of a daily diet.
She said: ¡°The levels of cadmium and arsenic in HiPP products are safe
and all raw materials are routinely tested following the strictest quality
A spokesman for Organix said: ¡°Organix operates rigorous finished food
testing to ensure food safety is monitored regularly. This includes
testing for elements, microbiological, allergen and pesticide residues.
¡°Our further testing of finished foods and raw materials show ALL results
conform to the current UK food standard. We continue to monitor both
our own internal results together with those of our suppliers.
¡°Please rest assured that we fully assess both the Food Standards Agency¡¯s
guidelines and any new research and will continue to do so.¡±
A spokesman for Plum added: ¡°Sampling of our recipe shows levels for
arsenic are well below those in this latest study, and again these are
well within the generally regarded safe and acceptable limits.¡±
Nestle said it did not recommend the use of it infant cereals before
six months of age, but they carefully selected their raw materials to
ensure substances absorbed from the soil were as low as possible.
of Radiation Detected in UK Foods
LONDON.The Food Standards Agency announced April 7 that radiation levels
from the Fukushima nuclear plant accident in Japan are far too low to
cause any concerns over the safety of any food in the United Kingdom.
According to FSA, there is
a possibility that minute levels of iodine-131 could land on grass and
be consumed by cows, but at these levels there is no food safety risk.
Minute amounts of iodine-131 could also settle on the surface of vegetables
but this will not cause any food safety concerns and will soon decay
or be washed away. Analysis of milk samples taken in Scotland did not
detect any iodine-131.
Food imported to the European
Union from Japan is undergoing extra checks in addition to the routine
monitoring of imported food that takes place. Only 0.1 percent of food
imports received by the United Kingdom come from Japan and any food
that is found to have levels of radiation above the legal limits will
be prevented from entering the country.
up import controls on food from Japan again
The European Union has further strengthened import controls on food
from Japan in the wake of the nuclear disaster triggered by the devastating
tsunami last month.
Brussels announced Friday
that it had lowered the acceptable maximum levels of certain radioactive
elements in food and feed; namely iodine-131, caesium-134 and caesium-137.
Officials said the measure
was a precautionary one and had been adopted to match new lower acceptable
levels introduced by Japanese authorities.
The situation could also
prompt a summer overhaul by EU experts over maximum radiation levels
in food first set 24 years ago after the Chernobyl nuclear catastrophe.
The move follows the European Commission declaration on 25 March that
food and feed imports from 12 Japanese prefectures would have to be
accompanied with safety certificates and be subject to random testing
at EU borders. An early warning system also requires importers to give
competent authorities in the bloc two days notice of a consignment¡¯s
The updated measure, backed
by member states on the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal
Health (SCoFCAH), will apply to foodstuffs originating in . or transported
from . those 12 Japanese areas. All products from these prefectures
are to be tested before leaving Japan and are subject to a reinforced
testing regime in the EU.
Shipments from the remaining
35 prefectures have to be accompanied by a declaration indicating the
prefecture of origin, before being randomly tested upon arrival in the
The EC stressed that the
¡°precautionary nature¡± of the boosted regulation and said notes ¡°all
the checks carried out up to now by Member States of Japanese food imports
demonstrate negligible levels of radio-activity, which are significantly
below existing standards¡±.
It added that Japanese authorities
had confirmed food exports from the 12 prefectures into the bloc had
all but ceased following the disaster.
Higher than 10 per cent
Until now, Japanese food imports were obliged to comply with universally
applicable levels set in the aftermath of the Chernobyl nuclear accident
in 1987 under various Euratom regulations . covering infant food, dairy
products, as well as general, liquid and so-called ¡®minor¡¯ foodstuffs.
These limits are based on the assumption that, if 10 per cent of the
food consumption of a person over a full year were contaminated at these
levels, annual exposure to ionising radiation would not exceed the additional
annual dose limit for a human being of 1 mSv (milliSievert).
Japan, however, has recently
imposed lower values for food on the domestic market.
The EU said it had followed
suit because: ¡°It has to be considered that in the current situation
in Japan, a much higher percentage (than the 10 % on which the EU levels
are based upon) of the population's daily diet could be contaminated
with significant levels of radio-nuclides¡±.
It will also provide consistency
between the pre-export controls performed by the Japanese authorities
and EU tests on the level of radio nuclides entering the region.
Radiation level change.
The EC said the measures would be reviewed on a monthly basis but that
controls could be toughened further within 48 hours if necessary.
It confirmed that its experts would be meeting before 30 June, 2011
to decide if the maximum levels set out in Regulation (Euratom) 3954/1987
needed to be revised.
walnut recall expanded to Calgary
A walnut recall due to the possibility of E. coli contamination has
been expanded to include Calgary.
The Canadian Food Inspection
Agency warns members of the public not to consume raw shelled walnuts
imported and distributed by Montreal's Amira Enterprises Inc.
The walnuts were sold in
Calgary at Jimmy's A & A Mediterranean Deli located at 1401 20 Ave
N.W. in 500-gram plastic containers from Jan. 1 to April 5.
They were also sold by two retailers in London, ON.
One person in Quebec died after eating the walnuts. The product was
taken off the shelves in Quebec, Ontario and the Maritimes. Thirteen
people in those provinces got sick from the walnuts.
The agency warns that consumption of food contaminated with E. coli
can cause serious, potentially life-threatening illnesses, and even
Symptoms include abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea, and some people suffer
seizures or strokes.
For more information, please call the agency at 1-800-442-2342 / TTY
Outbreak Affected Eight in Three States
by Mary Rothschild | Apr 11, 2011
The three-state outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 linked to hazelnuts sickened
at least eight people, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
(CDC) reported late last week.
The CDC had previously reported 7 ill with the outbreak strain.
In its update on the outbreak investigation, the CDC said product tests
by the Minnesota Department of Agriculture on in-shell hazelnuts, by
the California Department of Public Health on mixed nuts that included
unshelled hazelnuts, and by the Wisconsin Department of Health Services
on mixed nuts that included unshelled hazelnuts all detected E. coli
O157:H7 matching the outbreak strain.
Earlier epidemiologic investigations in Michigan, Minnesota and Wisconsin
had traced the hazelnuts, most of which had been purchased from grocery
store bulk bins, to a common distributor: DeFranco & Sons in Los
DeFranco recalled its bulk and packaged in-shell hazelnuts on March
4. The company had distributed the nuts nationwide.
The CDC said four of people infected with the outbreak pathogen were
from Wisconsin, three were from Minnesota and one was from Michigan.
They ranged in age from 15 to 78. Six were male. Half of the case patients
had illnesses so severe they were hospitalized, but none reported hemolytic
The onset of their illnesses ranged from Dec. 20, 2010 to Feb. 16, 2011.
CDC believes this outbreak is now over, but said illnesses that occurred
after March 17 might not yet be reported due to the time it takes between
when a person becomes ill and when the illness is reported.
It is past
time for the USDA/FSIS to deem "the Big Six" E. coli as adulterants
Posted by Bill Marler on April 12, 2011
Print Discuss (3) Share In October 2009 that we filed a ¡°Petition for
an Interpretive Rule Declaring enterohemorrhagic Shiga Toxin-producing
Serotypes of Escherichia coli, Including Non-O157 Serotypes, to be Adulterants
Within the Meaning of 21 U.S.C. ¡× 601(m)(1)¡± with the Food Safety Inspection
Service (FSIS). Since I filed the Petition, I have also filed two supplements
(See, First and Second) and provided the FSIS with my private test results.
When I filed the Petition,
Mead, et. al., estimated that non-O157 STECs (like O26, O45, 0103, O111,
O121, and O145) caused 36,000 illnesses, 1,000 hospitalizations and
30 deaths in America each year. Now, admittedly, not all, or most of
these illnesses and deaths were caused by vectors overseen by FSIS,
but clearly some have. However, the CDC new estimates of illnesses caused
by non-O157 STECs have risen to over 160,000 ill yearly. Hospitalizations
and deaths are lower because many non-O157 STECs do not cause severe
illness, but O26, O45, 0103, O111, O121, and O145 certainly do.
Today the USDA/FSIS posted
this press release:
Almost everyone knows about
Escherichia coli O157:H7, the culprit behind many headline-making outbreaks
of foodborne illness in the United States. But the lesser-known relatives
of this pathogenic microbe are increasingly of concern to food safety
That's according to U.S.
Department of Agriculture (USDA) microbiologist and research leader
Pina M. Fratamico. Researchers such as Fratamico, along with food safety
regulators, public health officials and food producers in the United
States and abroad, want to know more about these less-studied pathogens.
In the past few years, a
half-dozen of these emerging E. coli species, also called "serogroups,"
have come to be known among food safety specialists as "the Big
Six," namely E. coli O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145.
Fratamico and her colleagues
are sorting out "who's who" among these related pathogens
so that the microbes can be identified and detected quickly and reliably.
The researchers are doing that by uncovering telltale clues in the microbes'
Building upon this work,
Fratamico and her Agricultural Research Service (ARS), university, and
industry collaborators have developed gene-based PCR (polymerase chain
reaction) assays for each of the Big Six. With further work, the assays
might be presented as user-friendly test kits for use by regulatory
agencies and others. Foodmakers, for example, might be able to use such
kits for in-house quality control, while public health agencies might
rely on them when processing specimens from patients hospitalized with
Analyses of test results
might help researchers determine whether certain strains of Big Six
E. coli species cause more illness than E. coli O157:H7 does, and if
The USDA/FSIS has been studying
this issue for years while people continue to become ill. Tests that
work have been available for years . I have $500,000 worth of examples.
The USDA/FSIS has the authority to deem at least the ¡°the Big Six¡± adulterants
despite some in the industry desire to not do so. It is time to - past
time . to act.
ist of Newsletters
To subscribe this Food Safety Newsletter
(C). All rights reserved FoodHACCP.com.