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6/23, 2003
ISSUE:70

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Microbiological Results of Raw Ground Beef Products Analyzed for Escherichia coli O157:H7 Calendar Year 2003 - from USDA

Interstate Shellfish Dealers Certificate

NEW RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS PROGRESS TOWARD E. COLI O157:H7 VACCINE FOR LIVE CATTLE
June 18, 2003
AMI Media Release
Source: http://www.meatami.com/
Two studies presented at an international research conference last week show promise in preharvest reduction of E. coli O157:H7. Results of the two studies were presented at VTEC 2003, the fifth International Symposium on 'Shiga Toxin (Verocytotoxin) - Producing Escherichia coli .
The conference took place in Edinburgh, Scotland.
The first study revealed that feedlot cattle vaccinated with a
Canadian-developed vaccine showed a significant decline in the incidence of E. coli O157:H7 shedding in manure, according to the results of a clinical trial conducted by University of Nebraska researchers during summer 2002. Dr. Rod Moxley, a veterinary pathologist and professor in the department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln,
presented the trial results. The E. coli vaccine used in the Nebraska trial is being developed by a strategic alliance composed of the University of British Columbia, the
Alberta Research Council, Saskatchewan's Vaccine & Infectious Disease Organization, and Bioniche Life Sciences Inc., which is responsible for worldwide commercialization of the vaccine.
Another VTEC 2003 presentation by Dr. Brett Finlay of the University of British Columbia outlined how E. coli O157:H7 achieves a molecular attachment to intestinal cells in cattle by embedding a protein known as Tir into the host cell membrane. The pathogenic cell then joins to the intestinal cells by attaching intimin, an outer membrane protein, to the cell-embedded Tir proteins. The Canadian E. coli vaccine was originally developed by Finlay, a professor in the biotechnology laboratory and the departments of biochemistry and molecular biology, and microbiology and immunology at UBC. The vaccine stimulates production of antibodies to prevent E. coli O157:H7 from
attaching to the intestinal wall of cattle, which impedes replication and thus reduces the number of pathogens that can be shed into the environment. The AMI Foundation also is conducting research to develop an inexpensive, effective and easily administered vaccine to prevent cattle from becoming
infected with E. coli O157:H7 so as to block transmission of these organisms to humans. Researchers are using intimin as the immunogenic agent in the vaccine to stimulate production of antibodies to E. coli O157:H7. AMIF also supports numerous preharvest studies investigating the use of HACCP-type interventions to help reduce the likelihood of cattle shedding E.
coli O157:H7.

Food safety results on the web
Source: http://www.foodproductiondaily.com/
18/06/03 - The world wide web is now home to the results of 20 years of experiments into the behaviour of bacteria in foods with the launch this week of a free common database.

Thanks to an international collaboration between the UK Food Standards Agency, the UK-based Institute of Food Research and the US Department of Agriculture, the database should contribute to a more rapid understanding of food safety and quality.
The behaviour of food poisoning pathogens and spoilage organisms has been intensely studied since the early 1980s in response to major food poisoning outbreaks,?said Dr Jozsef Baranyi, Head of Computational Microbiology at the Institute of Food Research. This has resulted in a huge volume of data on bacterial growth, survival and death under various food-relevant conditions,?he added.

The new database ?ComBase - is being launched this week at the fourth International Conference for the Predictive Modelling of Foods, in Quimper, France. According to the project organisers, the database already contains around 20,000 growth and survival curves and 8,000 records containing growth rates.

Its like creating a virtual environment for every food we eat and for every food poisoning and food spoilage bacteria.

You can create an environment by entering data such as the temperature, pH and salt content all the parameters relevant to your food product during processing, distribution, storage and sale,added Dr Baranyi.

According to a statement this week, in a future project, the collaboration partners will use ComBase to develop a new set of predictive models known as ComBase-PMP, which will produce predictions based on all the data on the site. Until then, they add, PMP, the Pathogen Modelling Program is available in the US.

Current Food Safety News

06/19. EFSA embraces open culture
06/19. Canada To Issue Final Mad Cow Report Next Week
06/19. McDonald's Will Tell Meat Suppliers to Cut Antibiotics Use
06/19. RATS! FEDS INDICT THREE IN CHICAGO TAINTED MEAT CASE
06/19. THE U.S. AND MEXICO SIGN A MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING ENHAN
06/19. STUDENTS INTERESTED IN ATTENDING THE LEADING FOOD SAFETY CON
06/19. HANDWASHING WINNERS DEMONSTRATE ANTI-SARS TECHNIQUES
06/19. NEW RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS PROGRESS TOWARD E. COLI O157:H7 VACC
06/19. FSIS POSTS SECOND 'THINKING MAN'S' IKE SCENARIO ON E. COLI O
06/19. COMMISSION APPROVES NEW BSE TESTS
06/19. JAPAN RECONSIDERING BEEF BAN
06/19. Hormones in Beef Production: A Perspective on International
06/19. BRITAIN COULD RESUME EATING OLDER CATTLE
06/19. $12,000 IN FINES LEVIED UNDER PROVINCIAL MEAT INSPECTION ACT
06/19. ONTARIO TENDER FRUIT BOARD ORDERS FOOD SAFETY AUDIT
06/19. GROUPS FILE FALSE ADVERTISING COMPLAINT VS. GIANT FOOD FOR I
06/19. PLAN TO IRRADIATE FOOD GENERATES HEAT IN MILFORD

06/18. EMERGENCY MEASURES APPROVED TO STOP IMPORT OF CARCINOGENIC H
06/18. RESTAURANT TAKES TIME MEETING HEALTH STANDARD
06/18. CME COMMENDS INSPECTORS AND SEEKS REMOVAL OF BEEF TRADE BANS
06/18. Tyson Sees U.S. Soon Lifting Ban on Canadian Beef
06/18. Food safety results on the web
06/18. An alternative to GM food?
06/18. Japan demands proof of origin
06/18. BSE fallout complicates U.S.-Japan beef trade
06/18. NFPA Comments to FSIS on Nutrition Labeling
06/18. Coping with food allergies while on the road
06/18. Acrylamide Harms DNA
06/18. Seafood Warning
06/18. Have runs, will travel
06/18. Local fair officials work to prevent E. coli outbreak
06/18. Food Chemical Causes DNA Damage in Lab
06/18. More regulations for biotech products aren't necessary, says
06/18. Biotech Aids Predictability of New Food Traits, Official Say
06/18. FSA won't warn about kiwifruit
06/18. Free Food Safety Class To Be Held July 21-22

06/17. USDA Food Safety Listening Session
06/17. 30-DAY REASSESSMENT LETTER
06/17. RAPID ALERT SYSTEM FOR FOOD AND FEED WEEKLY OVERVIEW
06/17. RESTAURANT INSPECTIONS TO BE AVAILABLE TO PUBLIC
06/17. SOUTH KOREA AND JAPAN REACT TO SINGLE CASE OF BSE IN CANADA
06/17. ALBERTA TO DECLARE MAD COW A DISASTER: DRAWS $112M FROM COFF
06/17. Final Mad Cow Quarantines Lifted, No BSE Found
06/17. INTERNATIONAL BEEF INDUSTRY CONGRESS TO ADDRESS BSE: PROGRAM
06/17. FOOD IRRADIATION: THREAT OF FOOD-BORNE ILLNESS GREATER THAN
06/17. NO DECISION ON EASING CANADA BEEF BAN-USDA VENEMAN
06/17. FSA declares war on Campylobacter
06/17. USDA seeks nominations for safety award
06/17. Kiwi fruit allergy danger
06/17. Investigation uncovers Bay area's 25 dirtiest stores
06/17. E. coli study shows scope of pathogen during fairs
06/17. FAQs about beef safety
06/17. Safety First
06/17. Safety inspections get tougher at beef processing plants
06/17. Virtual solutions to food safety

06/16. GOOD WORK RECOGNISED: FSIS HONOURS EMPLOYEES FOR THEIR EXEMP
06/16. CANTHAXANTHIN AND ASTAXANTHIN
06/16. FINAL RESULTS OF MAD COW TESTS COULD APPEAR TODAY: OUTCOME C
06/16. THE BEEF STAKES: OF THE THREE UGLY SISTERS OF DISEASE STALKI
06/16. ONE COW CAUSED $1 BILLION OF HARM: OUR BEEF IS SAFE; IT'S TI
06/16. USDA SEEKS NOMINATIONS FOR SECOND ANNUAL HOWARD E. BAUMAN
06/16. LOOS ENDS: WATERKEEPER CONFAB A CESSPOOL OF MISINFORMATION
06/16. RULES TO BE EASED FOR COWS RAISED WITH BSE-INFECTED COWS
06/16. Food Safety Employees Honored at Annual Awards Ceremony

06/15. Food supplements recalled [Ireland]
06/15. Don't Serve Up Sickness at Your Summer Barbecue
06/15. Warning over BSE infections
06/15. The Eat Generation

06/14. SHOPPERS GIVEN LESSONS IN KEEPING IT CLEAN
06/14. Language no barrier to food safety
06/14. Mixed salad of food-safety rules ripe for confusion at farmers markets
06/14. Keeping your picnics free of health hazards
06/14. To grill or not to grill.

06/13. Canada Expects Easing of U.S. Beef Ban
06/13. "THE LAWYERS ARE COMING THE LAWYERS ARE COMING"
06/13. CFIA DENIES ALLOWING DANGEROUS ANIMAL FEED
06/13. PART-TIME INSPECTORS WORRY ONT. MEAT PACKERS
06/13. SAFETY OF FOOD PRODUCTS
06/13. MONTHLY REPORTS OF MEMBER STATES ON BSE AND SCRAPIE
06/13. DNA links Burger King cook with mucous found on cop's burger
06/13. Dashle, Johnson urge USDA to slow repeal of Canadian cattle
06/13. Demystifying Mad Cow in Humans
06/13. Japanese officials to examine mad cow investigation, rule on
06/13. Feature: UV light gives clean, cheap water
06/13. Men deny diseased poultry scam
06/13. The Perils of Picnics
06/13. Restaurateurs Feel the Pinch
06/13. 'Shockingly high' turnover of Ontario meat inspectors raises
06/13. Restaurant fined for hygiene and safety breaches
06/13. Butchers fined for food safety breaches

06/12. Japan to fight against mislabelling of dolphin meat as whale
06/12. New review highlights need for science-based standards on GM
06/12. Grassley: 'Groundwork' being laid on how to lift ban
06/12. POULTRY PERSPECTIVE: Precedent for hormone solution is 'in t
06/12. Germany Beating BSE
06/12. Study Shows Meat, Dairy Products Unrelated to Higher Risk of
06/12. AMI, Ag Coalition Urge Congress to Oppose Expanded USDA Enfo
06/12. Air Products ¡®freshens¡¯ up
06/12. Caution urged when buying vendor food
06/12. U.S. URGED TO DELAY LIFTING BEEF BAN: REOPENING BORDER LINKE
06/12. HYGIENE STANDARDS IMPROVING AS FOURTEEN CO. CORK BUSINESSES
06/12. NERVOUS SYSTEM TISSUE FOUND IN BEEF BOUND FOR FOOD CHAIN: SA

06/11. THE QUALITY OF OLD TIME FARMING IS AN ILLUSION
06/11. RESTAURANT OWNER BEATS VIOLATION CHARGES
06/11. ONTARIO MEAT INSPECTORS RECEIVE THOROUGH TRAINING FOR BSE
06/11. FRUITS, VEGETABLES CAUSE MOST FOOD POISONING
06/11. Mad Cow Case in Canada Spurs Calls in U.S. for Tighter Regul
06/11. MEAT HYGIENE DIRECTIVES
06/11. FOOD SUPPLY IS FULL OF RISKS, AND NOT JUST FROM SICK COWS
06/11. CANADA PUTS PRESSURE ON U.S. TO LIFT BEEF BAN
06/11. CANADA: Expert warns of further BSE cases in Canada despite
06/11. BSE Investigation Draws to a Close
06/11. Allergic impact on asthmatic kids
06/11. National Advisory Committee on Meat and Poultry Inspection t
06/11. EAACI: Peanut Allergy May Decrease with Age
06/11. Life Threatening Asthma Attacks May Be Triggered by Food All
06/11. Law enacted in Japan to regulate GMO use
06/11. Mad cow scare sparks look at feed practices
06/11. Quarantine lifted as B.C. ranches declared BSE-free
06/11. Industry, Pols Try to Sink Calif. Ban on Contaminated Oyster
06/11. Hey, buddy, wanna score some cheese?
06/11. Researchers learning how food-borne bacteria make you sick
06/11. Seafood Safety
06/11. FED-UP EATERIES SERVE UP LAWSUIT
06/11. From farm to fork, risks persist
06/11. This professor has the fever for teaching food safety
06/11. Science and Technology Based Countermeasures to Foodborne Terrorism
06/11. Researchers learning how food-borne bacteria make you sick

Foodborne Outbreak
06/17. More than 100 shigellosis cases reported in McLennan County
06/17. Hospital cafeteria reopens after salmonella outbreak

06/13. Intestinal illness outbreak probed
06/11. HONG KONG BOY DIES OF ANTHRAX
06/11. Shigella cases on the rise in this area
06/11. St. Louis salmonella dragnet widens
06/11. More Hospital Staff and Visitors Diagnosed With Salmonella
06/11. Salmonella Cases Continue to Rise
06/09. HEP A OUTBREAK SPARKS WARNING
06/09. Hotel guests sickened with cruise ship virus
06/09. Task force looks at past Shigella outbreak

NOVA SCOTIAN GROWERS LEARN ABOUT WATER DISINFECTION
May/June 2003
Fruit and Vegetable Magazine
Dan Woolley
Food safety has a new acronym besides HACCP. It©ös ORP ¡© Oxidation Reduction Potential ¡© the measurement (in millivolts) of the activity of chemical sanitizer in water to disinfect for food processing. The story says that Karan Khurani, president of Pulse Instruments of Van Nuys, California, which makes automated water disinfection equipment, was in
Nova Scotia recently explaining the concept to a group of Annapolis Valley fruit and vegetable growers. The event was hosted by Horticulture Nova Scotia. Khurani explained that energizing sanitizers, or oxidizers as they are also known, create a negative electrical charge. When an oxidizer such
as chlorine, bromine, ozone, peroxyacetic acid or hydrogen peroxide becomes electrically charged, it creates a positive charge within the bacteria in water. The electro-chemical potential which is created draws electrons out of the bacteria.
The faster the electrons are pulled from the bacteria, the quicker the oxidizer can penetrate the microbe©ös membrane to kill it, he said, adding there is a co-relation between the oxidation value in the disinfection water and the level of bacterial mortality.
One of the biggest problems with water disinfection is the tendency when treating water to add too much chlorine, something Khurani said occurs about 95 per cent of the time. Too much chlorine will form chloramines, which in high concentrations are carcinogenic, he explained, adding that the pH balance in a chlorine disinfection system is critical.
The story goes on to say that Khurani©ös company has sold 500 automated disinfection systems to American food production and processing companies. He claims about 70 per cent of U.S. fresh cut operations are using his control system.
To date, in Canada he has sold about 50 disinfection control systems, which cost between $2,000 to $7,000 (U.S.), to firms producing cut fruit, whole produce, peeler carrots, spinach, lettuce, salads and juices. His devices are also used to disinfect irrigation water for cabbage, lettuce and strawberry growers, furnish potable water for poultry barns and to treat
processing water for canning and juice companies.

More than 100 shigellosis cases reported in McLennan County
June 12, 2003
sourcefrom:http://www.caller.com
WACO, Texas- More than 100 McLennan County residents have contracted shigellosis in the past couple of months, two to three times the usual number of cases for an entire year.
Charles Burgoon, a disease specialist with the Waco-McLennan County Public Health District, said the outbreak seems to have started in mid-March but cannot be traced to a single source. The county typically has about 30 to 40 cases each year, he said.
So far, most of the victims are 4 to 7 years old, Burgoon said. Because several daycare centers have had multiple cases, health district officials plan to send letters about prevention tips to such facilities.
The contagious disease is caused by a bacteria called shigella. Usually it causes fever, stomach cramps and bloody diarrhea but is not life-threatening, although some people become dehydrated and need to be hospitalized, Burgoon said.
The disease typically is spread when infected people use the bathroom or change a diaper and do not wash their hands, Burgoon said. They can then pass the infection to someone by direct contact or through a toy or other object they touch. The illness also can be spread through food or water.

The best way to avoid getting shigellosis is to practice good hygiene, Burgoon said. Also, people who may have been exposed to the illness should not handle others' food or drinks, because people can be infected but have no symptoms.

Basil wrap could help natural blockage of mould in food
source from:http://www.foodingredientsfirst.com
Components in basil, a key herb in Italian cooking, could inhibit the growth of micro-organisms in food.

16/06/2003 Packaging that naturally stops mould growing on cheese, cakes and meat products and increases their shelf life is being developed at a Melbourne university.

Components in basil, a key herb in Italian cooking, could inhibit the growth of micro-organisms in food. When impregnated into plastic food wrap, the anti-microbial basil compounds help prevent dangerous food bacteria such as E.coli and listeria from developing.

Associate professor Kees Sonneveld, director of Victoria University`s Centre for Packaging, Transportation and Storage, said tests on cheddar cheese showed the active packaging prevented bacteria for a week longer than ordinary packaging.

Scientists at Victoria University have been working on the packaging for more than two years.

Current USDA/FDA News
IKE Scenario Update: Microbiological Testing Program for E. coli O157:H7 in Raw Ground Beef
The U.S. and Mexico Sign a Memorandum Enhancing the Safety and Quality of Shellfish
USDA Food Safety Listening Session

Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting
National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Foods
U.S. Codex Office "What's New" Page: Updated June 16, 2003
Positive E. coli Test Results: Updated June 16, 2003
FSIS Constituent Update/Alert: Updated June 13, 2003
Food Safety Employees Honored at Annual Awards Ceremony
Standardized Training Curriculum for Application of HACCP Principles to Juice Processing
USDA Seeks Nominations for Second Annual Howard E. Bauman Award for Food Safety
Positive E. coli Test Results: Updated June 12, 2003
Interstate Shellfish Dealers Certificate

Current Food Recall
06/19. EZAKI GLICO RECALLS CHEWING GUM WITH BANNED ADDITIVE [JAPAN]
06/19. Johanna Foods Has Recalled Lemonade
06/17. SOYA BASED MEAT ALTERNATIVE - UNDECLARED EGG ALLERGEN [Au-N.Z.]
06/17. UNDECLARED MILK PROTEIN - SOUP NOODLES [Au-N.Z.]
06/17. HAZELNUT SPREAD- UNDECLARED PEANUT- COTTEE'S [Au-N.Z.]
06/17. Recall on Harris Teeter Brand 6 Ounce Chopped Pecans
06/16. FRESH TUNA STEAKS may contain high levels of histamine
06/16. CONTAMINATED GROUND BEEF: MASSACHUSETTS GROCERY STORE
06/16. Productos Real Recalls "Real Guacamole" Because of Possible Health Risk
06/15. ADCO USA Inc. Issues Alert on Undeclared Sulfites in Dried Octopus
06/13. Indumar Seafood Has Recalled Caribe brand Fresh Crab Claw Meat
06/13. DRIED OCTOPUS FROM JAPAN RECALLED
06/13. Fast-Pak Trading Has Recalled Vitaminka Prasoka Puding
06/13. Alabama Firm Recalls Chicken That May Contain Glass
06/13. Casa Imports Recalls Cora Brand Paprika Due to Possible Health Risk
06/13. Undeclared peanuts in NUTRI FRESH FOODS SESAME CHIKKI and LADDU
06/13. FRESH WATER CATFISH FILLETS may contain Nitrofurans
06/13. I.Q.F. RAW SHELL-ON JUMBO FRESHWATER PRAWN - 16/20 CT. may contain 06/12. Undeclared peanuts in NUTRI FRESH FOODS SESAME CHIKKI and LADDU
06/12. Land-O-Sun Dairies Announces Voluntary Recall of PET Brand Butter Pecan Ice Cream


An alternative to GM food?
Source: http://www.foodqualitynews.com/
18/06/03 - Low-saturated fat foods, enhanced flavours, foods without allergens ?all this is possible without any tampering of DNA material.
US company Anawah has received several million dollars to support their work that combines molecular biology and traditional plant breeding to develop improved food products.
Unlike genetically modified foods, the products produced by Anawah contain no foreign DNA.
The food and agricultural research and development company announced recently that it has secured $6 million in financing from CMEA Ventures, Milepost Ventures and German-based BASF Venture Capital, the VC arm of the leading chemical company.
Founded in 2000, Anawah uses a proprietary screening process to discover plant characteristics and to deliver ‘better tasting food?
"Anawahs proprietary process enable the development and introduction of higher-value whole food products for consumers more rapidly and cost-effectively that any other method available today," said Anawahs CEO Ken Hunt.
The company has received $10 million to date to use its process ?an alternative to much-criticised transgenic techniques ?that focuses on discovering superior and highly valuable traits in plants which could ultimately lead to improvements in food.

Seafood Warning
Source: http://www.wric.com/
Caution is the word for folks who like to eat raw shellfish. The Virginia Department of Health is sounding the alarm -- saying three people in the commonwealth have become sick -- and one died -- from the Vibrio bacteria found in raw shellfish. And you can't blame it on pollution, since experts say it occurs naturally in coastal waters where clams and oysters are harvested. It's also more common during warm weather. And infected shellfish doesn't look, smell or taste any different.
Health officials say people with diabetes, liver disease, AIDS and other conditions can wind up seriously ill or even die from the Vibrio bacteria. They say the best advice is to thoroughly cook
shellfish before eating it.