MAIN PAGE/ Contact us/ Search FoodHACCP.com/ Consulting room/
Internet Journal of Food Safety/ On-Line Courese/ Discussion Room

Sponsorship Q/A


Frequently Asked Questions About Food Safety from the USDA Meat and Poultry Hotline

FDA Guidance on Preventing New Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria

source from: Rapid Microbiology

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have released a new guidance document that for the first time outlines a comprehensive evidence-based approach to preventing antimicrobial resistance that may result from the use of antimicrobial drugs in animals. Regardless of why bacteria develop resistance to antimicrobials, when bacteria do develop such resistance, human and animal health is at risk because the medicines that we depend on to treat infections become ineffective. There are several important sources of this problem, including inappropriate use of antibiotics in people, that have been the subject of many public health initiatives by the Department of Health and Human Services and other organizations. The guidance released today by FDA is, however, the first that addresses, in a comprehensive manner, the issue of the use of antimicrobials in food producing animals as a contributing factor to the development of antimicrobial resistance.

The guidance provides a scientific process for assessing the likelihood that an antimicrobial drug used to treat an animal may cause an antimicrobial resistance problem in humans consuming meat or other byproducts from that animal. This process can help prevent antimicrobial drugs with a high risk of causing such problems from being improperly used in food producing animals, and thereby potentially leading to antimicrobial resistance in humans. The new guidance encourages drug sponsors to use a risk assessment process to demonstrate that an antimicrobial drug used to treat food-producing animals will not create a risk of antimicrobial resistant bacteria likely to lead to human health problems.

The document, Guidance for Industry (GFI) #152 ("Evaluating the Safety of Antimicrobial New Animal Drugs with Regard to their Microbiological Effects on Bacteria of Human Health Concern"), is not a regulation. Instead it explains a science-based process drug sponsors may use when they seek approval of an antimicrobial for use in food-producing animals.Sponsors may still use other methods to establish drug safety for these uses, as long as these methods comply with statutory and regulatory requirements. In general, written guidance helps sponsors understand FDA's process of evaluating whether a proposed product for approval can be used safely and effectively, in this case with respect to risks of creating antimicrobial resistance.The pathway suggested in the guidance document establishes a three-part system for determining an antimicrobial drug's potential risk to humans if used to treat food-producing animals. The system's three parts are these:Part One is the "release assessment" which determines the probability that resistant bacteria will be present in animals as a result of the use of the antimicrobial new drug. Part Two is the "exposure estimate" which gauges the likelihood that humans would ingest the resistant bacteria. Part Three is the "consequence assessment" which assesses the chances that human exposure to the resistant bacteria would result in adverse human health consequences. In this context, these are situations in which a physician has difficulty treating a person with an antimicrobial drug because the bacteria infecting the person had acquired resistance to the drug and that resistance came from use of the drug in animals. Under this system, all of these assessment processes are considered and integrated to determine the overall level of human health risk from resistant bacteria associated with an antimicrobial drug's use in animals. If the assessments showed that the risks were significant, the FDA could deny the application for marketing authorization, thus preventing the use of the drug in food animals, or the FDA could approve the drug, but place conditions on its use designed to ensure it would not pose a human health risk.

Nursery fined over milk-allergy baby's death

source from: http://www.ananova.com/news/story/sm_833882.html

A nursery which fed a milk-allergic baby boy with breakfast cereal containing dairy products that led to his death has been fined .The Milton Keynes branch of the Jigsaw daycare nursery chain gave five-month-old Thomas Egan the food despite the written and explicit instructions of his mother, Aylesbury Crown Court heard.Within minutes, the baby went into severe reactive shock, suffering breathing problems and eventually a heart attack - killing him before he could get medical care.His parents Wendy and Gordon Egan have condemned the sentencing, which ordered the company to pay the fine plus 9,000 legal costs, dismissing it as "just a slap on the wrist".The company had earlier admitted one charge of failing to protect children under the Health and Safety at Work Act after the incident on April 11 last year.An inquest in January also found that Thomas's death had been accidental but aggravated by neglect.Judge Christopher Tyrer said: "At the root of this appalling tragedy, one fact seems to me to stand clear, that this death was preventable."He said he did take into account the fact the company had reacted swiftly and with great seriousness to what had happened - spending a total of 10,000 in retraining its some 800 staff employed at 36 nurseries across the country.Sales director Mr Egan, 40, added: "Jigsaw nurseries is a company with a turnover of ?7 million and they've just been given fine. It's just a slap on the wrist."Mrs Egan said: "I don't think we will ever be able to get closure. We'll be living with this for the rest of our lives."

Allergy alliance calls on industry to change the rules

source from: http://www.foodnavigator.com/news/news.asp?id=8661

30/10/03 - Legislation in Europe to end 'hidden' allergens on food labels cleared a crucial hurdle last month when the Council and the European Parliament put a red pen through the '25 per cent' rule, ushering in the transparent labelling of food ingredients classed as potential allergens. As Europe plods on with assimilating the new rules, a growing consumer movement is pushing for change of food labels around the world.

For the Food Allergy & Anaphylaxis Alliance (FAAA) - launched by the US-based The Food Allergy & Anaphylaxis Network (FAAN) - current rules across the globe are not enough, and inconsistent and often confusing labelling practices continue to put consumers with food allergies at risk.
"Until there is a cure for food allergies, clear, consistent and reliable ingredient information is critical to ensure the health and safety of millions of children and adults throughout the world," said Anne Munoz-Furlong, CEO and founder of FAAN, announcing the launch this week of a united initiative calling on government and food industry leaders to adopt ingredient labelling practices that more clearly identify the common food allergens - peanuts, tree nuts, milk, eggs, fish, shellfish, wheat and soy.

Arguably, the extent to which consumers now feel concern over food allergens is mirrored by the global support the alliance has behind it, including groups from Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, the Netherlands and the UK.

The alliance is calling for "simple language on ingredient statements and the declaration of all allergens, including those present in flavours, colours or spices", as well as a reduction in the use of allergen advisory statements.

The front line of attack for the FAAA is an end to ingredient confusion, which "has meant higher food costs and more time spent shopping for consumers with food allergies".

"We need consumers, government leaders and the food industry working together to make consistent ingredient labeling a priority," concluded David Reading, the founder of the Anaphylaxis Campaign in the UK.

Escalating incidences of food allergies - according to allergy associations 8 per cent of children and 3 per cent of adults are affected - and the desire by consumers to be better informed about foodstuffs they purchase, led the European Commission to propose changes to the Labelling Directive 2000/13/EC - and in particular the 25 per cent rule, introduced more than 20 years ago to avoid inordinately long lists of ingredients on labels.

Under the new rules, food manufacturers will have to list all sub-ingredients of compound ingredients, which means that allergens cannot be 'hidden'. European consumers can expect to see food products donning the new labels on the supermarket shelves in 2005.

Current Food Safety Informaiton
10/30. Food safety: ¡®now you¡¯re cooking . . . using a food thermometer
10/30. How safe is your food?
10/30. Safety the paramount concern in regulating meat industry
10/30. Slaughterhouse violations 'a wake-up call,' NDP says: Govern
10/30. Virginia Tech opens new high pressure lab
10/30. UK government told to stall GMO sales
10/30. Allergy alliance calls on industry to change the rules
10/30. Peanut peril
10/30. ALASKA is a botulism HOT SPOT but now has a faster way to de
10/30. Nursery fined over milk-allergy baby's death -
10/30. Doggie Bag Dilemma: Leftovers Need Quick Refrigeration

10/29. Safe Handling of Take-Out Foods
10/29. Sweden's claim that it is Salmonella-free investigated
10/29. Contaminated food making people sick
10/29. Meat safety compromised by major slaughterhouse mess: Inspec
10/29. Canada: a minimal BSE risk country
10/29. World food allergy organizations seek more reliable ingredie
10/29. Safety of food products
10/29. IAFP 2004 call for abstracts
10/29. AHU issues smoked fish advisory
10/29. Irresponsible to Sell GM Foods, Says Meacher
10/29. Rotten fish at Paris food supplier
10/29. Seminar on food safety and quality
10/29. Food Safety Advisor Sought
10/29. Allergy alliance calls on industry to change the rules
10/29. NACMPI to Hold Public Meeting on Food Safety Data, Inspectio
10/29. Kids and food allergies
10/29. Further BSE case confirmed
10/29. Four former French farm ministers face BSE probe
10/29. Fecal matter, mould found in meat plants
10/29. E. coli victims have contacted lawyer

10/28. Maple syrup producer fined ,000 for selling maple syrup cont
10/28. Court fines Thico Enterprises Limited 00 and orders product
10/28. NACMPI meeting
10/28. Consumer representative for national advisory committee
10/28. Salmonella and tahini update
10/28. Inmate isolated during abattoir probe

10/27. Brawny's food safety tips are major ingredient in holiday fo
10/27. Be thankful for what's not on your holiday table!
10/27. Abattoir obstructed inspectors twice before; Den Dekker meat
10/27. Abattoirs given warning of audits
10/27. Old meat wrapped in new labels

10/26. Meat questions need fast action
10/26. Input Wanted
10/26. Outlook 'rosy' for wide range of pre-harvest interventions
10/26. Documents allege Canadian plant processed 'deadstock'
10/26. Good guidance

10/25. Venison warning
10/25. SVS puzzled after BSE confirmation
10/25. FDA Guidance on Preventing New Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria
10/25. Eating Treats Tricky For Kids With Food Allergies
10/25. Former ministers in 'mad cow' probe
10/25. Council assessed for food safety
10/25. Remedy 'cures arsenic poisoning'

10/24. Frequently Asked Questions About Food Safety
10/24. Food Irradiation - Is it Safe?
10/24. California Beef Officials Discuss Irradiation in Tulare
10/24. Sessions Focus on Food Safety
10/24. Irradiated beef sampled at New York State Fair
10/24. FOOD IRRADIATION UPDATE Quotable Quotes
10/24. Food safety, inspectors a priority for minister
10/24. Ireland Beating BSE
10/24. Truck driver arrested for illegal sale of meat
10/24. Forces against bacteria
10/24. FDA to define cloning safety
10/24. FSIS Will Hold Meeting and Request Comments on Risk Analysis
10/24. Salvage Store Food Safety Hazards
10/24. Louis' failed four inspections
10/24. Close vigil on food outlets in Dubai
10/24. Search warrant details allegations against Ontario meat plan
10/24. Aylmer processed deadstock, warrants say

10/23. Gene Mutation Not The Likely Cause Of Latest Mad Cow Case
10/23. Milk Contaminant
10/23. IFT Eastern Food Science Conference opens Oct. 26
10/23. Study examines Asian children, rotavirus
10/23. Beef officials discuss irradiation practice, concerns in Tul -
10/23. Ohio initiative offers food safety worker training down on t
10/23. Olympics food safety discussed
10/23. SRI LANKA: Government clamps down on toxins in food
10/23. Drugged Venison Update
10/23. FDA to decide on safety of cloned meat
10/23. Farm to fork gets fund injection
10/23. Digesting food safety
10/23. Chain reaction -
10/23. 2 BSE cases found in France
10/23. IDSA: Newborns at Risk for Foodborne-Pathogen Infections
10/23. Use of animal waste in cement proposed
10/23. Audit reports inefficiencies within system -
10/23. FP6 food quality and safety projects take 'farm to fork' app
10/23. Pick at your own risk

10/22. Perspective by Editor Chris Harris: Does 'hormones plus gene
10/22. BSE code reassessed: OIE addresses demands on clarification
10/22. OPP to conduct investigation into meat packaging plant at fa
10/22. Richard Ennis named vice president, food safety division, at
10/22. CCIA to go electronic -
10/22. Fact Sheet - Food safety tips for Halloween
10/22. Statement of the American Meat Institute on FDA listeria ris
10/22. Meat Industry Research Conference to focus on pre-harvest re
10/22. OIE to review BSE guidelines
10/22. Studies examine efficacy of E. coli vaccine
10/22. FDA introduces technology to improve food security
10/22. FDA releases risk assessment of foodborne listeriosis
10/22. Cost of BSE
10/22. BSE Code Reassessed
10/22. Italy reports two more cows test positive for BSE
10/22. Poisoned venison sold to Scottish consumers
10/22. BSE refuses to go away

10/21. Context Is Necessary for Listeria Risk Assessment To Help En
10/21. Homeopathy could cure third world arsenic poisioning
10/21. The Pharmaceutical Encounter
10/21. Warnex Expands Genevision's Reach into the Canadian Market
10/21. Listeria In FSIS Ready-To-Eat Products Shows Significant Dec
10/21. Alaska Food Diagnostics Invests in Lab
10/21. Dangerous Herbal Readily Available Through Web Despite FDA I
10/21. Listeria warning: Keep food cool, don't let it sit
10/21. Food Safety Authority seeks court order
10/21. Sessions focus on food safety
10/21. FDA: Soft Pasteurized Cheeses OK
10/21. Bitter truth about Diwali sweets
10/21. Listeria monocytogenes Risk Assessment
10/21. Keeping Ready-To-Eat Foods Cold May be the Key to Reducing Listeriosis

Current Recall Information

Registration of Food Facilities Under the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness
Safe Handling of Take-Out Foods

Prior Notice of Imported Food Under the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness
Safety of New Animal Drugs With Regard to Their Microbiological Effects on Bacteria of Human
Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness Registration of Food Facilities
Request for Nominations to Serve on Four Subcommittees of FDA's Food Advisory Committee
Public Meeting on Risk Analysis; Notice and Request for Comments
FSIS To Hold Public Meeting and Seek Comment on Risk Analysis
National Advisory Committee To Hold Public Meeting
OPPD (Policy) What's New Page: Updated October 27, 2003
Relative Risk to Public Health From Foodborne Listeria Monocytogenes
Domestic Outreach Meetings: Interim Final Rules for Registration of Food Facilities

Current Outbreaks
10/29. Autopsy to determine if man died from hepatitis complication
10/29. Apple Cider Making People Sick
10/29. Diarrhea downs 300 in Tondo
10/29. Two more E. coli Fair cases confirmed
10/29. Luyt: Boks also poisoned at 1995 Cup

10/28. TAJIKISTAN: Typhoid outbreak under control
10/27. Death blamed on E. coli outbreak
10/26. Food poisoning KO's 100 workers
10/25. Widow admits planning fatal funeral
10/25. Body-builder pork hospitalises 39
10/23. E. coli victim released, readmitted -
10/23. Food poisoning victims out of danger in central China
10/22. Rat poison kills 10 in China after funeral
10/22. 2 foreign trainees get sick from bottled water
10/22. Shigellosis outbreak close to home

Current New Methods
10/30. e-safety first
10/30. Carmel firm nets deal to license Roche technology

10/30. Pall Systems Provide Pure Water for Food Processing
10/29. New Rapid Test for Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
10/29. DuPont Qualicon BAX¢ç system approved by Health Canada
10/29. Food Safe International, Inc. targets Canada for initial ope
10/29. Beefing up safety
10/28. Peanut growers may have a weapon against aflatoxin next year
10/25. Firm seeks quick test for germs
10/25. Safe drinking water a mouse-click away
10/22. Hot five percent lactic acid
10/21. Promise Shown in Vaccine Against E. Coli
10/21. Vaccine, Bacterial Feed Additive Each Reduce E. Coli In Catt
10/16. Warnex teams up with U.S. lab
10/16. Biotrace launches luminometer
10/15. Taking a Closer Look
10/14. DuPont Qualicon BAX? System adopted by USDA Food Safety and
10/13. Mississippi water treatment plant to expand using ZENON
10/12. FSIS Increases Efficiency In Detecting Salmonella In Raw Pro
10/10. FSIS adopts BAX system
10/09. Trojan Technologies Receives Municipal Water Treatment Purch
10/08. Eurofin welcomes allergen labelling laws
10/07. Tighter rules require tougher testing -
10/07. Ready meal contract for Lock
10/06. Novatek Environmental Monitoring Software (Nova-EMS)
10/05. New OHSU tool could help stem deadly outbreaks
10/02. Ozone friendly
10/02. Modified bacteria spot arsenic
10/02. Scientists develop advanced sensors for biological agent det

IAFP 2004 call for abstracts
October 28, 2003
IAFP Press Release
Des Moines, Iowa - The International Association for Food Protection is now accepting abstracts for IAFP 2004 to be held in Phoenix, Arizona, August 8-11, 2004. The deadline for submissions is January 5, 2004. IAFP accepts abstracts online or via E-mail. Call for Abstracts (Submission Form, General Information and Instructions), Speaker Reference Guide, Policy for Commercialism and information on the Developing Scientist Awards Competition are available at our Web site, www.foodprotection.org.
Poster or oral presentation formats are available. Abstracts are limited to 250 words and must report the results of original research pertinent to the subject matter. Papers may also report subject matter of an educational and/or nontechnical nature. Abstracts submitted for IAFP 2004 will be evaluated for acceptance by the Program Committee. Information in the abstract data must not have been previously published in a copyrighted journal.
The Annual Meeting has become the leading meeting concerned with protecting the worldwide food supply. Top industry, academic and government food safety professionals attend each meeting. This broad mix of more than 1,500 attendees includes professionals in quality control, processing operations, regulatory inspections, consulting groups, risk assessment, research and development, microbiological research, plant management, technical services and HACCP management.
Questions regarding abstract submission should be directed to Bev Brannen, IAFP Public Relations, at bbrannen@foodprotection.org or call 515.276.3344; 800.369.6337.

E. coli victims have contacted lawyer
Personal-injury firm specializes in pursuing
San Mateo County Times
REDWOOD CITY -- The families of several local E. coli sufferers have contacted a Seattle-based lawyer who has collected tens of millions of dollars in settlements in food-poisoning cases.
William Marler, a personal-injury attorney who has represented hundreds of E. coli, salmonella and botulism victims, said Tuesday several County families have called his office to inquire about filing lawsuits.
He gave no further details.
Marler's firm, Marler Clark, has reaped more than $75 million in settlements from restaurants and food distributors linked to E. coli, salmonella and other food-borne ailments. Marler won $15.6 million from Jack-in-the-Box restaurants, and $12.5 million from Odwalla. He is also representing more than 30 E. coli sufferers who reportedly ate tainted lettuce at a small chain restaurant in Southern California earlier this month -- an occurrence that County officials say is not connected to the local cases. As the outbreak of E. coli in The Sequoias-Portola Valley retirement community went into its 19th day Tuesday, one of two sufferers who had remained hospitalized at Stanford Medical Center was released. Health officials were still tracking the source of the outbreak, which sickened dozens of residents and staff members at the retirement center since it was reported Oct. 9. County Health Officer Scott Morrow said Monday that "food and food handlers" were being closely scrutinized, and said a report on the cause of the outbreak should be completed within a week. And the family of Alice McWalter -- the 85-year-old resident who died from kidney failure related to E. coli on Sunday -- began preparing for a memorial service at her beloved Valley Presbyterian Church in Portola Valley. "We loved her dearly. She was delightful -- an elegant lady," said Mark Goodman-Morris, pastor of the church where McWalter sang alto in the choir. McWalter, who was a paid choir singer all over the country, moved to The Sequoias from Columbus, Ohio, about three years ago, said her son Keith McWalter, a Portola Valley attorney.
Goodman-Morris said the church is planning a memorial service that will coincide with choir practice -- the way she would have wanted it.
"Music was her first love," the pastor said.
The County health department is keeping an eye on 46 people who have reported nausea, stomach pain and other symptoms of the intestinal infection. Thirteen residents of the 315-bed retirement center have been confirmed for E. coli, which is most often transmitted through undercooked meat or unwashed vegetables.

Autopsy to determine if man died from hepatitis complications
October 28, 2003
Knoxville News-Sentinel
Knoxville lawyer James K. Scott was cited as saying Monday night that the Tennessee state Medical Examiner's office is conducting an autopsy to determine whether a Roane County man died from complications caused by hepatitis A, a virus he is alleged to have contracted at a West Knox County restaurant, adding, "I would find it very difficult to believe that hepatitis A was not a factor."
The story says that Michael L. Smith, in his 50s, the president and CEO of the Roane Alliance, an economic and social development partnership, died Sunday at his Kingston home, two days after eating at the O'Charley's restaurant on Parkside Drive, according to a Knox County Circuit Court lawsuit. He was a frequent customer, the lawsuit states.
The story says that more than 60 cases of hepatitis A eventually were reported in East Tennessee. The patients included a number of O'Charley's employees and diners.
Prompted by the outbreak, public health workers administered more than 5,400 injections to people to protect against the virus, which causes an inflammation of the liver.
Public health officials were cited as saying a tainted supply of green onions may have been the source of the outbreak.

Apple Cider Making People Sick Cider Contaminated With Parasite

POSTED: 7:56 a.m. EST October 29, 2003
AKRON, Ohio -- State health officials say apple cider from a northeast Ohio orchard may be contaminated with a parasite that already has made 10 people sick.
Officials say cider sold by the Sunny Slope Orchard in Stark County between Sept. 20 and Oct. 23rd may contain cryptosporidium, which can cause abdominal cramps and diarrhea.Stark County Health Director William Franks said 10 people from Stark, Summit and Cuyahoga counties have been sickened by the parasite, and all had consumed cider from the orchard. Health officials say symptoms generally show up a week after exposure but that it can take anywhere from one to 12 days. Symptoms often come and go for about a month. The FDA is checking Sunny Slope's cider. Results are pending.

Peanut growers may have a weapon against aflatoxin next year
Source from: Associated Press
Sun Herald

DAWSON, Ga. - After more than 20 years of research, scientists believe they have a solution that could save peanuts and corn from aflatoxin, a destructive mold that can destroy millions in crops.The U.S. peanut industry lost $37 million during a 1993 outbreak and $44 million two years later. Corn growers in Texas, Louisiana and Mississippi lost from $85 million to $100 million during a 1998 outbreak.Microbiologist Joe Dorner and other scientists at the Agriculture Department's National Peanut Research Laboratory have developed a control for aflatoxin that could reduce the mold by 70 percent to 90 percent in peanuts and help protect corn and other vulnerable crops."It's a good feeling to know that something you worked on could have benefits for folks in the peanut industry and ultimately corn or anything that could have a susceptibility to aflatoxin," Dorner said.

Dorner's agency, the Agriculture Department's Agricultural Research Service, has granted an exclusive license to Circle One Global in Cuthbert to produce a patented product known as Afla-Guard, a biological control for aflatoxin.If EPA approves Afla-Guard by December, as expected, Circle One would have a supply ready for the next growing season, said Dan Gay, the company's president.The $20 per-acre application costs could be shared by growers and the companies that shell and store their peanuts, Gay said.Aflatoxin is produced by two types of molds - Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus - that grow almost everywhere. Outbreaks occur when certain crops, such as peanuts, corn and tree nuts, are stressed by droughts.Pure aflatoxin can be lethal and prolonged exposure to foods contaminated with lesser amounts can cause liver cancer.

David Kay, the chief U.S. weapons inspector in Iraq, reported recently that aflatoxin and ricin, a castor bean extract, were among the poisons that Saddam Hussein's scientists had been studying for possible use as biological weapons.The federal aflatoxin limit for peanuts consumed by humans is 20 parts per billion, the equivalent of a drop of water in a 21,700-gallon swimming pool. The peanut industry has adopted an even more stringent limit - 15 parts per billion.U.S. crops are carefully screened for the toxin, but Dorner said people in developing countries often have to eat contaminated grain because it's all they have."It is a serious issue in those countries because they are consuming highly contaminated food," he said.Dorner and a fellow scientist, Dick Cole, now retired, discovered a benign strain of Aspergillus flavus that supplants the harmful strain when applied in peanut fields.Then they had to develop a way for farmers to apply the safe strain. They settled on shelled barley coated with the fungus that can be spread with existing farm equipment.Through their years of research, they decided the best time to apply the fungus was June or early July, so the strain is firmly established by August when peanuts are especially vulnerable to heat and drought."A healthy peanut has natural defenses against the fungus," Dorner said. "If you have a drought late in the season, the peanut will start drying down. ... Aflavous is out there in the soil. It's ready to attack."

Dorner said Afla-Guard reduced aflatoxin by 92 percent during field trials in 1998, as the Southeast was entering a five-year drought.The typical reduction was 70 to 90 percent for the first application, he said, adding that farmers can expect even better protection when they treat again the following year.Besides reducing aflatoxin in the fields, Afla-Guard can also protect peanuts stored in warehouses, where a few contaminated peanuts or the wrong environmental conditions can cause it to proliferate, he said.Armond Morris, chairman of the Georgia Peanut Commission, said the commission has always looked for ways to improve peanut quality and farm profits."Hopefully this will be one of the products that will do that," said Morris, an Ocilla peanut grower. "The research looks real good."


National Peanut Research Laboratory: http://nprl.usda.gov/
Circle One Global: http://www.circleoneglobal.com/